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News About The Oceans of Earth
December 13, 2017
Hydropower dams can be managed without an all-or-nothing choice between energy and food
Tempe AZ (SPX) Dec 13, 2017
Nearly 100 hydropower dams are planned for construction along tributaries off the Mekong River's 2,700-mile stretch. The river, one of the world's largest, flows through Burma, China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. It is an economic engine for fishermen and a food source for millions of people worldwide. And while the dams are expected to provide clean energy to the region, if not managed properly, they also have the potential to offset natural river patterns, which would damage food produc ... read more

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Scientists create successful mass production system for bioengineered livers

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Primordial mutation helps explain origin of some organs in vertebrates

Researchers establish long-sought source of ocean methane
Industrial and agricultural activities produce large amounts of methane, a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming. Many bacteria also produce methane as a byproduct of their metabolism. S ... more
US transportation and water infrastructure not broken
Transportation and water infrastructure funding and finance in the United States are not nearly as dire as some believe, but a national consensus on infrastructure priorities, accompanied by targete ... more
Fear of sharks influences seaweed growth on Fijian coral reefs
Fishes' fear of sharks helps shape shallow reef habitats in the Pacific, according to new research by a scientist at Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences. The study is the first clear case of ... more
Resilience of Great Barrier Reef offers opportunities for regeneration
New research has found that, despite the extensive damage to coral in recent events, there are still 100 reefs on the Great Barrier Reef that are well suited to promoting the regional recovery of th ... more
Native groups fight to save land, culture from rising tides
The land that the Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw Indians call home is sinking. Without help, the unique cultural traditions of the native people of Southern Louisiana could be washed away. ... more
Take the Driver's Seat on Sea Level Science
A new NASA sea level simulator lets you bury Alaska's Columbia glacier in snow, and, year by year, watch how it responds. Or you can melt the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and trace rising seas ... more
Pacific's Palau forces tourists to sign eco-pledge
Visitors to the tiny Pacific nation of Palau are being made to sign a promise to respect the environment, in an innovative move that authorities hope will curb ecological damage caused by booming numbers of tourists. ... more
Sharks evolved aircraft-like attributes to suit habitats
In a paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, researchers report that shark species have evolved diverse physical attributes to help them thrive in different ocean ecosystems. Le ... more

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There's a deeper fish in the sea
The ocean's deepest fish doesn't look like it could survive in harsh conditions thousands of feet below the surface. Instead of giant teeth and a menacing frame, the fishes that roam in the deepest ... more
Seagrass is a key fishing ground globally
New research demonstrates that seagrass meadows are important fishing grounds all around the globe. The work highlights that there is an urgent need to start appreciating and understanding this role ... more
Sea turtles' sad fate: from restaurant menus to plastic 'soup'
Gently, Kenzo the sea turtle is lowered onto a beach where a scattering of bottle caps, candy wrappers, yoghurt cups and discarded flipflops scar an otherwise idyllic setting. ... more
The world needs to rethink the value of water
Research led by Oxford University highlights the accelerating pressure on measuring, monitoring and managing water locally and globally. A new four-part framework is proposed to value water for sust ... more
Fishing nets pose grave threat to New Zealand's yellow-eyed penguin
New research details the threat posed to New Zealand's hoiho, or yellow-eyed penguin, by fishing nets. Scientists at the University of Otago argue the problem warrants immediate government action. ... more
Why are there no sea snakes in the Atlantic?
Sea snakes are an evolutionary success story. With about 70 species, they're the most diverse reptile group in the ocean, outnumbering sea turtle species 10-to-1. They sport a range of physica ... more
Scientists discover resilient 'heart' of Great Barrier Reef
Australia's Great Barrier Reef is in peril from climate change and widespread bleaching, but scientists said Tuesday a small portion may be resilient enough to keep much of the rest alive. ... more
Coral transplant raises Barrier Reef survival hopes
Coral bred in one part of the Great Barrier Reef was successfully transplanted into another area, Australian scientists said Sunday, in a project they hope could restore damaged ecosystems around the world. ... more

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For American children, tap water's health benefits come with risks. ... more
Xi orders China's 'toilet revolution' to march on
China's president has ordered the country to march on in its "revolution" to clean up notoriously dirty and foul-smelling public bathrooms in a bid to improve quality of life and boost tourism. ... more
The tragedy of the seagrass commons
Writing in the Journal Fish and Fisheries, Dr Richard Unsworth of Swansea University (together with colleagues at Cardiff University and Stockholm University) examine the global extent to which thes ... more
Ocean acidification harms young mussels
New research shows mussels are especially vulnerable to the ill effects of ocean acidification during their early life stages. ... more
New research could predict La Nina drought years in US
Two new studies from The University of Texas at Austin have significantly improved scientists' ability to predict the strength and duration of droughts caused by La Nina - a recurrent cooling patter ... more
New physical model explains the origin of Earth's water
Equipped with Newton's law of universal gravitation (published in Principia 330 years ago) and powerful computational resources (used to apply the law to more than 10,000 interacting bodies), a youn ... more
Expansion of tuna quotas 'step backward' for conservation
The 51-nation tuna fisheries body for the Atlantic and Mediterranean boosted quotas for highly prized bluefin despite scientific findings that doing so could threaten the species' recovery, delegates and observers at a key meeting said Tuesday. ... more
Scripps scientists use photomosaic technology to find order in the chaos of coral reefs
In a study published recently in Coral Reefs, scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego created and analyzed detailed photomosaics of the coral reef at Palmyra Atoll, a ... more
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