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News About The Oceans of Earth
August 18, 2015
Frequent volcanic eruptions likely cause of long-term ocean cooling
Sydney, Australia (SPX) Aug 18, 2015
An international team of researchers found an 1800 year-long cooling trend in the surface layer of the Earth's oceans, and that volcanic eruptions were the likely cause of the cooling from 801 to 1800 AD. The coolest temperatures were during the Little Ice Age - that was before man-made global warming erased the cooling trend in the 1800s. The research reported today by the Past Global Changes' (PAGES) Ocean2K Working Group in Nature Geoscience indicated that it was likely an increase in the numbe ... read more

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Outpouring of cash for California company's water-saving shower
A super-efficient shower fixture that reduces water waste by 70 percent is gaining enthusiastic backing from some of Silicon Valley's biggest names, reaping in some $1.38 million in just two days. ... more
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Researchers detail carbon output from rivers and streams
Work by a University of Wyoming professor and a recent UW Ph.D. graduate has provided a more complete picture of the role of rivers and streams in the global carbon cycle. Robert Hall Jr., pro ... more
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Scientists pioneer method to track water flowing through glaciers
Researchers for the first time have used seismic sensors to track meltwater flowing through glaciers and into the ocean, an essential step to understanding the future of the world's largest glaciers ... more
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New digital seafloor map provides answers and more questions
Ocean sediments cover 70% of our planet's surface, forming the substrate for the largest ecosystem on Earth and its largest carbon reservoir - but the most recent map of seafloor geology was drawn b ... more
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Blue-green algae poses threat to US water systems
A report concludes that blooms of toxic cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, are a poorly monitored and underappreciated risk to recreational and drinking water quality in the United States, and may ... more
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Big data maps world's ocean floor
Scientists from the University of Sydney's School of Geosciences have led the creation of the world's first digital map of the seafloor's geology. It is the first time the composition of the seafloo ... more
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El Nino could be strongest in modern history: US
The El Nino weather phenomenon that began this year could be among the strongest in 65 years, US government scientists said Thursday. ... more
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China desalinating massive amounts of water
China had built a total of 112 seawater desalination plants by the end of 2014, producing 926,900 tonnes of fresh water per day, the State Oceanic Administration said on Thursday. According to ... more
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Africa's fires mean less rain during the dry season
In any given year, half of all fires on Earth burned in Africa. Most are set by farmers to promote agricultural productivity and to clear land for planting. ... more
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Armored in concrete, hardened shorelines lose the soft protections of coastal wetlands
As we expand our coastal cities and armor the coast against the ravages of the sea, we lose the resiliency of the coastlines' natural defenses. Rachel Gittman and colleagues at the University of Nor ... more
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Researcher discovers a new deep-sea fish species
They are some of the most interesting and unique creatures in the oceans - deep-sea life. Most people can identify a shark or sea turtle or whale, but many are shocked to see what a lanternfish or o ... more
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Optimal observation locations for improving high-impact air-sea enviromental events forecastings
High-impact oceanic-atmospheric environmental events, such as El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), tropical cyclones (TCs) and Kuroshio large meander (KLM), often induce c ... more
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Parental experience may help coral offspring survive climate change
A new study from scientists at the University of Hawai'i - Manoa's (UHM) Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) reveals that preconditioning adult corals to increased temperature and ocean acidi ... more
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Fish off Australia's coast dive deep to avoid heat
Humans retreat inside and blast the air conditioning when it's hot, but fish don't have such a luxury. New research shows a common predator species off the Australian coast dives deeper to avoid rising water temperatures. ... more
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Three Chinese groups in bidding for Romanian dam project
Three Chinese consortia are bidding to build a hydro-electric dam in Romania worth an estimated one billion euros ($1.1 billion), the Hidro Tarnita company overseeing the project said Tuesday. ... more
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U.S. sets aside funding for marine power
Projects focused at the university level will share $7.4 million in research funds to develop components for marine energy, the U.S. Energy Department said. ... more
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Greenhouse gases' millennia-long ocean legacy
Continuing current carbon dioxide (CO2) emission trends throughout this century and beyond would leave a legacy of heat and acidity in the deep ocean. These changes would linger even if the atmosphe ... more
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Ocean changes are affecting salmon biodiversity and survival
The biodiversity of two Northern Pacific salmon species may be at risk due to changes in ocean conditions at the equator, reports a study by the University of California, Davis. In the study publish ... more
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Veolia says net profits more than double to 321 million euros
Waste management giant Veolia said Monday its profits in the first half of the year more than doubled to 321 million euros ($352 million), helped by a cost-cutting drive. ... more
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Fiji military boss says sudden resignation no sign of instability
Outgoing Fiji military chief Mosese Tikoitoga Monday said the nation's armed forces were stable despite his sudden career switch. ... more
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Can fish evolve to become less catchable?
Unbridled fishing pressure can drive species to the brink of extinction, but can commercial fishing drive evolution? ... more
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Self-assembling, biomimetic membranes may aid water filtration
A synthetic membrane that self assembles and is easily produced may lead to better gas separation, water purification, drug delivery and DNA recognition, according to an international team of resear ... more
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Research spotlights a previously unknown microbial drama
A team of marine researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) has discovered a three-way conflict raging at the microscopic level in the frigid waters off Antarctica over natural reso ... more
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Island nations seek UN help combatting climate change
More than a dozen small island nations made an urgent appeal to the UN Security Council Thursday for help in combatting climate change, which they said poses a threat to their very existence. ... more
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