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October 31, 2012
EARLY EARTH
New study sheds light on how and when vision evolved
Bristol UK (SPX) Oct 31, 2012
The study, which used computer modelling to provide a detailed picture of how and when opsins evolved, sheds light on the origin of sight in animals, including humans. The evolutionary origins of vision remain hotly debated, partly due to inconsistent reports of phylogenetic relationships among the earliest opsin-possessing animals. Dr Davide Pisani of Bristol's School of Earth Sciences and colleagues at NUI Maynooth performed a computational analysis to test every hypothesis of opsin evolution pr ... read more

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CLONE AGE

How to make stem cells - nuclear reprogramming moves a step forward
The idea of taking a mature cell and removing its identity (nuclear reprogramming) so that it can then become any kind of cell, holds great promise for repairing damaged tissue or replacing bone mar ... more
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ICE WORLD

Two Perfect Days for IceBridge
After two no-fly days for aircraft maintenance and weather, IceBridge surveyed the Ronne Ice Shelf grounding line and took high-altitude measurements of four glaciers in West Antarctica. These ... more
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EARTH OBSERVATION

NASA Radar Penetrates Thick, Thin of Gulf Oil Spill
Researchers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena have developed a method to use a specialized NASA 3-D imaging radar to characterize the oil in ... more
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24/7 News Coverage
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CLIMATE SCIENCE

Small organisms could dramatically impact world's climate
Warmer oceans in the future could significantly alter populations of phytoplankton, tiny organisms that could have a major impact on climate change. In the current issue of Science Express, Michigan ... more
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CLIMATE SCIENCE

Did the changing climate shrink Europe's ancient hippos?
Giant German hippopotamuses wallowing on the banks of the Elbe are not a common sight. Yet 1.8 million years ago hippos were a prominent part of European wildlife, when mega-fauna such as woolly mam ... more
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DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Fishing for answers off Fukushima
Japan's "triple disaster," as it has become known, began on March 11, 2011, and remains unprecedented in its scope and complexity. To understand the lingering effects and potential public health imp ... more
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EARLY EARTH

Canadian researchers discover fossils of first feathered dinosaurs from North America
The ostrich-like dinosaurs in the original Jurassic Park movie were portrayed as a herd of scaly, fleet-footed animals being chased by a ferocious Tyrannosaurus rex. New research published in the pr ... more
The Year In Space
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24/7 Energy News Coverage
Iran ready to help Europe with natural gas

Shiny quantum dots brighten future of solar cells

Group to spearhead German wind farm program

GDF Suez optimizes LNG deliveries

Shale oil, gas production to increase, says

Areva says in line to build British nuclear waste plant

Gulfstream announces 60-plane deal for China

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EPIDEMICS

New opportunity for rapid treatment of malaria
Malaria causes up to 3 million deaths each year, predominantly afflicting vulnerable people such as children under five and pregnant women, in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Tr ... more
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FLORA AND FAUNA

Far from random, evolution follows a predictable genetic pattern
Evolution, often perceived as a series of random changes, might in fact be driven by a simple and repeated genetic solution to an environmental pressure that a broad range of species happen to share ... more
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DISASTER MANAGEMENT

New York in shock over storm horror
New York confronted Tuesday the devastation of superstorm Sandy, which left at least 18 people dead in the city and threatened to bring prolonged chaos and misery. ... more
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ABOUT US

'Digital eternity' beckons as death goes high-tech
Death is no longer the fusty business it once was: from swipeable bar codes on headstones to designer urns, webcam-based ceremonies and virtual memorials, funerals have shot into the 21st century. ... more
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SHAKE AND BLOW

Earthquake shakes buildings in Philippine capital
A small earthquake shook buildings in the Philippine capital of Manila on Wednesday but caused no damage, the government said. ... more
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SHAKE AND BLOW

Storm-battered US battles floods, power cuts
New York struggled to get back on its feet Tuesday after superstorm Sandy carved a path of destruction from the Caribbean to Canada that left at least 110 people dead and millions without power. ... more
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ICE WORLD

Polar bears seen taking refuge on icebergs
A previously unsuspected sanctuary for polar bears in the arctic has been discovered, the makers of a British television documentary say. ... more
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ABOUT US

Genetics suggest global human expansion
Scientists using DNA sequencing say they've uncovered a previously unknown period when the human population expanded rapidly in prehistory. ... more
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Military Space News, Nuclear Weapons, Missile Defense
Xi urges China to build up joint space and air power

Russia launches its new ICBM from Plesetsk space centre

Raytheon awarded first international contract for Paveway IV

DPRK vows self-defense measures against US hostility

Russia should be ready for non-contact war

China's maritime area being carved up

Fire aboard US missile cruiser, no one hurt

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Storm leaves billions in damage across eastern US
US businesses, homeowners and local governments faced up to $20 billion in damage Tuesday as Hurricane Sandy left coastal homes crumbled, urban neighborhoods swamped and eight million without power. ... more
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DEMOCRACY

Spotlight off Romney as storm, Obama take center stage
Barack Obama spent Tuesday deploying the vast tools of his presidency to combat a raging super storm ravaging the East Coast; rival Mitt Romney took in cans of soup and mandarin oranges for victims. ... more
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EARLY EARTH

Father of flying fish found in China: palaeontologists
Palaeontologists in China said Wednesday they had found the world's oldest flying fish, a strange, snub-nosed creature that glided over water in a bid to evade predators some 240 million years ago. ... more
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FIRE STORM

Storm causes fresh forest fire in Tenerife
A storm caused a forest fire on the Spanish island of Tenerife that threatened a village, prompting residents to evacuate from their homes, an official said Wednesday. ... more
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SHAKE AND BLOW

Sandy leaves death, darkness and destruction
Superstorm Sandy finally receded Tuesday, but only after carving a trail of destruction from the Caribbean to Canada that left more than 100 dead, New York in chaos and millions without power. ... more
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WEATHER REPORT

Argentina recovers from freak storm
Merchants dumped rain-damaged merchandise for almost nothing Tuesday as Buenos Aires province dried out and tried to recover from a huge storm that left two dead. ... more
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DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Asia's mega-cities badly exposed to superstorms
The hammer blow dealt to New York by superstorm Sandy should raise the alarm for coastal mega-cities in Asia which are more exposed but less equipped to deal with such threats, experts said on Tuesday. ... more
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FROTH AND BUBBLE

More than 50 detained in China pollution protests
China's eastern city of Ningbo detained more than 50 people over violent protests last week that successfully blocked a planned chemical plant, state media said Tuesday. ... more
Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy
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Space News from SpaceDaily.com
Meteorite studies suggest hidden water on Mars

Dragon Cargo Craft Launch Scrubbed; Station Crew Preps for Spacewalk

Better climate predictions within grasp

Russia will continue rocket engines supplies to US

Egypt to launch new satellite from Kazakhstan

Saturn's hexagon: An amazing phenomenon

MEASAT-3b shipped to launch base

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CLIMATE SCIENCE

Link between cyclones, climate change unclear: scientists
Was Hurricane Sandy caused by climate change? ... more
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WEATHER REPORT

Deadly storm strikes Argentine capital
At least two people were killed in Argentina when torrential rain drenched the Buenos Aires area Monday, knocking out power, and flooding streets and train tunnels, officials said. ... more
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SHAKE AND BLOW

Deadly storm floods and blacks out Manhattan
Hurricane Sandy sent crippling floods pouring onto New York streets Monday, provoking a power plant explosion, blacking out much of Manhattan and leaving widespread storm devastation. ... more
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SINO DAILY

After rare trip, US envoy urges China on Tibet
The US ambassador to China on Monday urged Beijing to re-examine policies toward Tibetans as he acknowledged that he had quietly visited monasteries during a spate of self-immolation protests. ... more
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EARLY EARTH

Mass extinction study provides lessons for modern world
The Cretaceous Period of Earth history ended with a mass extinction that wiped out numerous species, most famously the dinosaurs. A new study now finds that the structure of North American ecosystem ... more
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FARM NEWS

Greater effort needed to move local, fresh foods beyond 'privileged' consumers
An Indiana University study that looked at consumers who buy locally grown and produced foods through farmer's markets and community-supported agriculture programs found the venues largely attract a ... more
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WATER WORLD

Uncertainty of future South Pacific Island rainfall explained
With greenhouse warming, rainfall in the South Pacific islands will depend on two competing effects - an increase due to overall warming and a decrease due to changes in atmospheric water transport ... more
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ABOUT US

Lucy and Selam's species climbed trees
Australopithecus afarensis (the species of the well-known "Lucy" skeleton) was an upright walking species, but the question of whether it also spent much of its time in trees has been the subject of ... more
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