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February 14, 2017
EARLY EARTH
A kiss of death - mammals were the first animals to produce venom



Johannesburg, South Africa (SPX) Feb 14, 2017
Africa is a tough place. It always has been. Especially if you have to fend off gigantic predators like sabre-toothed carnivores in order to survive. And, when you're a small, dog-sized pre-mammalian reptile, sometimes the only way to protect yourself against these monsters is to turn your saliva into a deadly venomous cocktail. That is exactly what a distant, pre-mammalian reptile, the therapsid Euchambersia, did about 260 million years ago, in order to survive the rough conditions offered by the ... read more

EARLY EARTH
Deeper origin of gill evolution suggests 'active lifestyle' link in early vertebrates
A new study has revealed that gills originated much deeper in evolutionary history than previously believed. The findings support the idea that gills evolved before the last common ancestor of all v ... more
EARLY EARTH
Syracuse University geochemist breathes new life into 'Great Oxidation Event'
A researcher in the College of Arts and Sciences is providing fresh insights into the "Great Oxidation Event" (GOE), in which oxygen first appeared in the Earth's atmosphere more than 2.3 billion ye ... more
FROTH AND BUBBLE
Banned chemicals from the '70s found in the deepest reaches of the ocean
A study, led by Newcastle University's Dr Alan Jamieson, has uncovered the first evidence that man-made pollutants have now reached the farthest corners of our earth. Sampling amphipods from the Pac ... more
ICE WORLD
NASA, UCI Reveal New Details of Greenland Ice Loss
Less than a year after the first research flight kicked off NASA's Oceans Melting Greenland campaign last March, data from the new program are providing a dramatic increase in knowledge of how Green ... more
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24/7 News Coverage

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DSI 4th Space Resiliency Summit November 28-29, 2017 Alexandria, VA
International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
Nuclear Plant Digitalization Conference -November 2017, Charlotte, NC USA

Tempur-Pedic Mattress Comparison & Memory Foam Mattress Review
FLORA AND FAUNA
The firefly among fish
The researchers thus identified the purposes of bioluminescence in this fish species. The same question still remains open for many other glowing marine creatures. The researchers published their re ... more
FARM NEWS
Grow, mow, mulch: Finding lawn's value
Cranking up the lawn mower on a Saturday afternoon may be a child's most dreaded chore. But little does he or she know that it also affects how much carbon and nitrogen are present in the soil below ... more
WATER WORLD
Mismatched eyes help squid survive ocean's twilight zone
From eyes the size of basketballs to appendages that blink and glow, deep-sea dwellers have developed some strange features to help them survive their cold, dark habitat. But with one normal eye and ... more
EARTH OBSERVATION
Beijing MST Radar detection of the lower, middle and upper atmosphere
Beijing MST (Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere) Radar is one of the largest facilities within the Chinese Meridian Project (a chain of diverse ground-based remote sensing facilities for monitoring ... more
WHALES AHOY
N. Zealand beached whale crisis 'over' say rescuers
Whale rescuers were cautiously optimistic Sunday that the current wave of mass beachings in New Zealand was over, after hundreds of the creatures died after being stranded ashore. ... more
FROTH AND BUBBLE
Israel court rules against 'nuclear' ammonia tank
An Israeli court has ordered that a container in the northern city of Haifa capable of holding 12,000 tonnes of ammonia and likened to a "nuclear bomb" be emptied of its toxic content. ... more


Animals who face tough early life live longer

AFRICA NEWS
Ivory Coast arrests six journalists over mutiny 'false information'
Six journalists, including three media owners, have been arrested in the Ivory Coast for "spreading false information" about a mutiny by security forces, their newspapers and the public prosecutor said. ... more
FIRE STORM
Australia fires ease as damage mounts after record heat
Australia was counting the cost to property and livestock Monday after firefighters battled weekend blazes in some of the hottest conditions on record. ... more
SINO DAILY
'Unfair' Hong Kong election sparks fresh democracy calls
The vote for Hong Kong's new leader kicks off this week, but most of its 3.8 million-strong electorate will have no say in choosing the winner, prompting calls for an overhaul of a system skewed towards Beijing. ... more
SHAKE AND BLOW
Aftershocks rock Philippine quake city survivors
Thousands of residents of a quake-hit city in the southern Philippines sought refuge on the streets as aftershocks hit the region Sunday, two days after a quake killed six. ... more

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Myanmar jade mine landslide kills 9: official
A landslide in northern Myanmar's jade mining region has killed 9 people, a local official said Saturday, the latest fatal incident to strike the shadowy billion-dollar industry. The men were believed to be searching for jade in Kachin state when a wall of unstable earth collapsed late Thursday night. Five bodies were found buried beneath the rubble on Thursday and three more were found ... more
Justice for victims of Nepal's civil war slips away

Six cosmic catastrophes that could wipe out life on Earth

Facebook adds tool for helping in times of crisis

Big data for the universe
Astronomers at Lomonosov Moscow State University in cooperation with their French colleagues and with the help of citizen scientists have released "The Reference Catalog of galaxy SEDs" (RCSED), which contains value-added information about 800,000 galaxies. The catalog is accessible on the web and its description has been published in the Astrophysical Journal Supplement (impact factor - 11.257) ... more
Orbit Logic Software to be used for BridgeSat Laser Comm Scheduling

New high-performance computing cluster at the Albert Einstein Institute in Potsdam

New mechanical metamaterials can block symmetry of motion, findings suggest

NASA studies growing Louisiana deltas
The Louisiana coastline is sinking under the Gulf of Mexico at the rate of about one football field of land every hour (about 18 square miles of land lost in a year). But within this sinking region, two river deltas are growing. The Atchafalaya River and its diversion channel, Wax Lake Outlet, are gaining about one football field of new land every 11 and 8 hours, respectively (1.5 and 2 square m ... more
RE2 Robotics to further develop EOD underwater manipulator system

Litter is piling up on the Arctic sea floor

Study: Deep-sea mining causes long-lasting ecological damage

CryoSat reveals lake outbursts beneath Antarctic ice
A novel way of using ESA's CryoSat mission has revealed how lakes beneath Thwaites Glacier drained into the Amundsen Sea - potentially the largest such outflow ever reported in this region of West Antarctica. This new information is helping scientists understand more about what's going on deep below the surface of the ice and what affects how fast the glaciers flow towards the ocean. Thwai ... more
Climate change adds to pressures on endangered African penguins

Hidden lakes drain below West Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier

NASA, UCI Reveal New Details of Greenland Ice Loss

China villagers 'beat the Buddha' for a good harvest
Beating a rock statue of Buddha to wish for a good new year and an abundant harvest, villagers in China's eastern Fujian province have a unique way of worshipping the deity. The religious ceremony held Friday in Yuxi village is one of many in the run-up to the traditional Lantern Festival, which falls on February 11 this year. It is a time for colourful ceremonies in the coastal provinc ... more
Sticky gels turn insect-sized drones into artificial pollinators

Endangered species listing for bumble bee delayed by Trump admin

Grow, mow, mulch: Finding lawn's value

NASA-Led Campaign Studies Hawaii's Iconic Volcanoes
Kilauea Volcano on the island of Hawaii is one of Earth's most active volcanoes, drawing scientists and tourists alike from all over the world to study and witness its spectacular displays of nature. This month, a NASA-led science team is exploring Kilauea and the adjacent volcano Mauna Loa from the air, ground and space. Their goal: to better understand volcanic processes and hazards. In ... more
Pacific rim countries to test their tsunami warning system

6 dead after strong quake shakes southern Philippines

Rumbling Indonesian volcano in fresh eruption

DSI 4th Space Resiliency Summit November 28-29, 2017 Alexandria, VA
I. Coast govt pursues bid to end mutiny by elite troops
The Ivorian government planned Thursday to pursue talks with elite troops responsible for President Alassane Ouattara's security in a bid to end a revolt by the special forces, a defence ministry official said. "Normally the discussions should resume this morning," the source told AFP after the mutineers began talks with top military staff following armed protests this week in their barracks ... more
Ivory Coast arrests six journalists over mutiny 'false information'

Ivory Coast govt in bid to end elite troops' mutiny

Somalia to elect president amid security, drought woes

Paleolithic people 'killed' pebbles to rid them of their symbolic power
Some 12,000 years ago, Paleolithic peoples living along the coast of what's now northwestern Italy carried pebbles from the beach to their seaside caves for use in burial rituals. The small, flat, oblong stones were used to scoop up and apply ochre to the deceased prior to burial. New analysis of these stones suggests they were systematically broken. In a paper on the ritualistic stones ... more
Chimpanzee feet allow scientists a new grasp on human foot evolution

Humans subconsciously perceive words as 'round' or 'sharp'

Baltic hunter-gatherers began farming without influence of migration

International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
Scientists argue current climate change models understate the problem
A new study on the relationship between people and the planet shows that climate change is only one of many inter-related threats to the Earth's capacity to support human life. An international team of distinguished scientists, including five members of the National Academies, argues that there are critical components missing from current climate models that inform environmental, climate, ... more
Gas hydrate breakdown unlikely to cause massive greenhouse gas release

Researchers say climate models understate risk, ignore human factors

Cape Town pools crack down on splashing as drought bites

HSE experts investigate how order emerges from chaos
Igor Kolokolov and Vladimir Lebedev, scientific experts from HSE's Faculty of Physics and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, have developed an analytical theory, which binds the structure of coherent vortices formed due to inverse cascades in 2-D turbulence with the statistical properties of hydrodynamic fluctuations. Uncovering this link can be us ... more
NASA spacecraft prepares to fly to new heights

Blue jets studied from Space Station

SpaceKnow raises $4 Million in Series A funding

NASA team looks to ancient earth first to study hazy exoplanets
For astronomers trying to understand which distant planets might have habitable conditions, the role of atmospheric haze has been hazy. To help sort it out, a team of researchers has been looking to Earth - specifically Earth during the Archean era, an epic 1-1/2-billion-year period early in our planet's history. Earth's atmosphere seems to have been quite different then, probably with lit ... more
A kiss of death - mammals were the first animals to produce venom

Deeper origin of gill evolution suggests 'active lifestyle' link in early vertebrates

Syracuse University geochemist breathes new life into 'Great Oxidation Event'

Republican ex-top diplomats propose a carbon tax
Several senior Republican statesmen, including former secretaries of state and the treasury department, proposed Wednesday a carbon tax as a way of fighting the threat posed by climate change. Their proposal aims to scrap former president Barack Obama's environmental regulations in favor of taxes on polluting emissions that could be returned to everyday Americans as cash. "Mounting evide ... more
Electricity costs: A new way they'll surge in a warming world

Climate change may overload US electrical grid: study

Action is needed to make stagnant CO2 emissions fall

New, long-lasting flow battery could run for more than a decade with minimum upkeep
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new flow battery that stores energy in organic molecules dissolved in neutral pH water. This new chemistry allows for a non-toxic, non-corrosive battery with an exceptionally long lifetime and offers the potential to significantly decrease the costs of production. The research, p ... more
The ultimate green technology

UMD physicist improves method for designing fusion experiments

Portable superconductivity systems for small motors

The diversity of species on Earth is generating itself
If competition is the main evolutionary driver, why can so many species coexist within the same ecosystem instead to have a few that dominate? This a long and central question in ecology. Many ideas have been suggested in an attempt to explain this evolutionary paradox. Most of them are based on the importance of ecological niches for the maintenance of differentiated against dominated environme ... more
Animals who face tough early life live longer

The firefly among fish

Chinese police probe endangered animal banquet

Daily Newsletters - Space - Military - Environment - Energy
'Unfair' Hong Kong election sparks fresh democracy calls
The vote for Hong Kong's new leader kicks off this week, but most of its 3.8 million-strong electorate will have no say in choosing the winner, prompting calls for an overhaul of a system skewed towards Beijing. It is the first leadership vote since mass pro-democracy protests in 2014 failed to win political reform and comes as fears grow that China is tightening its grip on semi-autonomous ... more
China villages cheer Robin Hood-like hero in spring festival

Exile, jail, abduction: the hazardous lives of China's rich

Missing Chinese billionaire targeted over stocks crash: report

Why nature restoration takes time
'Relationships' in the soil become stronger during the process of nature restoration. Although all major groups of soil life are already present in former agricultural soils, they are not really 'connected' at first. These connections need time to (literally) grow, and fungi are the star performers here. A European research team led by the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) has shown t ... more
Wetlands play vital role in carbon storage, study finds

Amazon forest was transformed by ancient people: study

Honduras manages to stall pine-munching bugs' march



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