Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. Earth Science News .




ICE WORLD
Antarctic nations face off again over sanctuary plans
by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) Oct 22, 2013


Nations pushing to create vast ocean sanctuaries off Antarctica that cover an area the size of India hope to overcome objections to their plans at talks this week in Australia.

Two proposals for huge no-fishing havens are on the table at the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) meeting in Hobart from October 23-November 1.

At stake, say environmentalists, are the world's last great ocean wildernesses, with waters that are home to some 16,000 known species, including whales, seals, albatrosses, penguins and unique species of fish.

As the world's fish stocks reel from decades of over-exploitation, trawlers have been venturing ever southward in search of new catches.

"It's time to act," Andrea Kavanagh, director of the Pew Environment Trust's Southern Ocean sanctuaries project, said ahead of the meeting.

"Countries can overcome the false starts of the past year by coming together this month to safeguard these vital areas."

One proposal, floated by Australia, France and the European Union, would protect 1.6 million square kilometres (640,000 sq miles) off East Antarctica, on the frozen continent's Indian Ocean side.

The other, from the United States and New Zealand, is to lock up 1.25 million square kilometres of the Ross Sea, the deep bay on Antarctica's Pacific side.

The combined area of 2.85 million square kilometres is a fraction smaller than India, more than five times larger than France and would fit Britain in 12 times.

If adopted, the sanctuaries would practically double the world's marine reserves overnight.

But to proceed, they need unanimous backing from all members of CCAMLR, a body comprising 24 countries plus the EU, which was set up in 1982 to oversee conservation of marine line in the Southern Ocean.

Russia stymied the plans at a special meeting in Germany in July, concerned the no-fishing areas were too extensive and questioning the legal right of CCAMLR -- pronounced "cam-lar" -- to set up such sanctuaries.

The Russians are believed to have dropped their argument about CCAMLR's legality and there is optimism the sanctuaries will receive support in Hobart.

However, it is understood there have been mixed signals from Russia amid "challenging" negotiations and it remains uncertain how Moscow's delegation will vote.

In a bid to overcome the objections, the backers of the Ross Sea sanctuary have reduced its area by more than 20 percent from the 1.6 million square kilometres they initially put forward.

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key said that revising the plan was probably the only way to get it approved

"We always knew there was going to be resistance from other parties who either have fishing interests there or believe that they would have fishing interests," he said.

Canberra-based think tank the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) said the failed meeting in Germany showed "some fishing nations (want) to prioritise fishing access over conservation".

It described the move by the US and New Zealand to preemptively reduce the size of their proposal ahead of the Hobart meeting as a "baffling" negotiating tactic that played into the hands of the sanctuaries' opponents.

"It's difficult to be positive about a good outcome for the Southern Ocean," ASPI concluded in a report released on Monday.

"As one of the last great wildernesses, it deserves special recognition, respect and commitment from those governments that have chosen to manage it."

Backers of the sanctuaries, some of whom have been working on the proposals for eight years, say they will not give up if the Hobart talks end in failure.

.


Related Links
Beyond the Ice Age






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





ICE WORLD
Australia, US put heat on Russia over Antarctic sanctuaries
Sydney (AFP) Oct 16, 2013
Nations led by Australia and the United States stepped up pressure on Russia Wednesday for a swift agreement to create vast Antarctic marine sanctuaries. The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), comprising 24 nations plus the European Union, meet in Australia next week with Russia seen as key to protecting large swathes of the wilderness area. At ... read more


ICE WORLD
Radioactive leaks top priority at Fukushima: nuclear watchdog

Storm caused radioactive leaks at Fukushima: operator

Australia's political parties claim asylum seeker success

Groundwater radiation spikes at crippled Fukushima

ICE WORLD
NSF Awards $12 Million to SDSC to Deploy "Comet" Supercomputer

Rice scientists create a super antioxidant

Cracked metal, heal thyself

'Walking droplets'

ICE WORLD
A bad break for fake pearls

Tiny sea creatures are heading for extinction, and could take local fisheries with them

13 Vietnamese arrested in Philippines over sea turtles

Jellyfish energy consumption inspires robotic designs for Navy

ICE WORLD
Antarctic nations face off again over sanctuary plans

Dutch take Russia to maritime court over Greenpeace ship

Glacial history affects shape and growth habit of alpine plants

Nobel laureates call on Putin to drop piracy charges against Greenpeace

ICE WORLD
Technology Developed for Use in Space, Now Applied to Agriculture Here on Earth

Maths study of photosynthesis clears the path to developing new super-crops

Nitrate from fertilizer lingers in soil for decades: study

Urban soil quality and compost

ICE WORLD
Tropical storm Raymond heads toward Mexico's west coast

Death toll in Philippine quake nearing 200

Hundreds flee homes in typhoon-hit Japan island

Hurricane Raymond threatens Mexico coast

ICE WORLD
UN urges DR Congo to prosecute soldiers for rape in east

Angola frees 55 Congolese troops captured during incursion

Zimbabwe man jailed for 15 years for poisoning elephants

France to keep 2,000 troops in Mali until end of year

ICE WORLD
Marmoset monkeys know polite conversation

Unique skull find rebuts theories on species diversity in early humans

Archaeologists rediscover the lost home of the last Neanderthals

Complete skull from early Homo evokes a single, evolving lineage




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement