Earth Science News  





. Brazil plans to cut deforestation by 70 pct over 10 years

Estimated areas of low, medium and high intensity logging in the Brazilian Amazon (From Nepstad et al. 1999, Nature.)
by Staff Writers
Brasilia (AFP) Dec 1, 2008
The Brazilian government on Monday unveiled a plan to cut the deforestation of the Amazon by 70 percent over the next decade.

It is the first time Brazil, home to the largest area of tropical woodland on the planet, has set a target for reducing the damage wrought by illegal loggers and ranchers.

Environment Minister Carlos Minc unveiled the initiative in the presence of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and said it would be formally presented at a UN climate change conference underway this week in Poland.

"Just in terms of avoided deforestation in the Amazon, the plan foresees a reduction of 4.8 billion tons of carbon dioxide that won't be emitted up to 2018 -- which is more than the reduction efforts fixed by all the rich countries," Minc said.

The minister said Brazil hopes to use the plan to "increase the number of contributors to the Amazon Fund" launched last August which aims to collect money from around the world to fight deforestation.

The head of Brazil's forestry service, Tasso Azevedo, told AFP that an announcement by Britain that it planned to cut CO2 emissions by 80 percent over the next four decades, and Brazil's plan, "push the ambitions of the Poznan conference (in Poland) to another level."

Brazil's initiative "shows that developing countries can take on aggressive commitments and that developed ones can go much further," he said.

The benchmark against Brazil's plan will be measured is the rate of deforestation recorded between 1996 and 2005, during which an annual average of 19,500 square kilometers (7,500 square miles) of woodland was razed.

The calculation is progressive and worked out on a four-yearly basis, making the real-term goal a deforestation a little under half the current rate, or approximately 12,000 square kilometers per year.

Although the plan is concentrated on the Amazon, it will also apply to other large biomass areas in the country.

Environmental groups welcomed the news, although a few said they would like to have seen the goal be more ambitious.

"Better late than never," was how the director of one organization, Friends of the Earth, Roberto Smeraldi, summed it up.

"It's a modest proposal, which won't give Brazil a leadership role, and I hope they say so in Poznan," added an expert, Sergio Abranches, to CBN radio.

Jose Marengo, a scientist at the Spacial Research Institute which measures Amazon deforestation by satellite, said the move was a step forward "because at least we're talking about targets -- before the government had the position that Brazil wasn't to blame (for greenhouse gas emissions), that they came more from the US and industrialized countries."

He also said that, if deforestation in Brazil continues at the current rate, "from 2040 the Amazon vegetation could collapse in what the English model calls 'savannization', and no longer manage to absorb CO2 but rather become a source of it."

Although Brazil had up to now rejected the notion of targets, it had been making efforts against deforestation that permitted a 59 percent reduction after registering a historic peak of 27,000 square kilometers of stripped forest in 2004.

The announced plan, as well as setting a deforestation goal, covers improved energy efficiency, encouraging alternative energy sources and increasing by 20 percent trash recycling in urban areas by 2015.

"We will surely receive criticism, but we can say that we are presenting a better one (plan) than China or India, and better than others that still haven't signed the Kyoto Protocol," Lula said.

Share This Article With Planet Earth
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook



Related Links
Forestry News - Global and Local News, Science and Application




Tempur-Pedic Mattress Comparison

Newsletters :: SpaceDaily Express :: SpaceWar Express :: TerraDaily Express :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News
Amazon deforestation up almost 4.0 percent
Rio De Janeiro (AFP) Nov 28, 2008
Brazil's Amazon jungles, known as the lungs of the world, lost almost 12,000 square kilometres (4,800 sq. miles) in just 12 months, a rise of almost 4.0 percent, new figures showed Friday.

.
Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email
  



  • Southern Austrian villages cut off due to avalanche risk
  • Rats trained to sniff land mines, TB
  • Health issues affect FEMA trailer kids
  • Australia, Indonesia create disaster reduction center

  • Hot air: UN climate talks to create 13,000 tonnes of carbon
  • No friction with Obama at climate talks, says chief delegate
  • Greens go nuts at UN climate talks
  • Climate juggernaut on the horizon, UN talks told

  • Ball Aerospace Completes CDR For Landsat's Operational Land Imager
  • ATK's EO-1 Satellite Far Exceeds Design And Mission Life
  • NASA-USAID Earth Observation System Expands To Africa
  • Raytheon Sensor Designed To Promote Understanding Of Global Warming

  • Analysis: Iran seeks energy industry cash
  • Analysis: Nigeria focuses on security
  • Oil prices climb after China cuts rates
  • Russian Navy to show its flag in the Caribbean Sea

  • Indonesia's vast Papua in the grip of Asia's worst AIDS crisis
  • Study checks toll of S. Africa's AIDS plan
  • Study Of Ancient And Modern Plagues Finds Common Features
  • More funding failing to curb AIDS epidemic in Russia: official

  • UN, zoo group launch 'Year of the Gorilla 2009'
  • Flies May Reveal Evolutionary Step To Live Birth
  • Study shows sea slugs act like plants
  • Solar-Powered Sea Slugs Live Like Plants

  • 'Cancer village' the dark side of Vietnam's industrial boom
  • Vo Quy, father of Vietnam's environmental movement
  • Light Pollution Offers New Global Measure Of Coral Reef Health
  • Analysis: Blue Congress looks greener too

  • Sleep Helps People Learn Complicated Tasks
  • Americans' midsection a weighty issue
  • Parents clasp hands of children in ancient graves
  • Firms scan brain waves to improve ads in Japan

  • The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2007 - SpaceDaily.AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement