by Staff Writers
Brasilia (AFP) Oct 10, 2012
Brazil said Wednesday it was setting up a special environmental security force to combat soaring illegal deforestation in the Amazon region.
Environment Minister Izabella Teixeira said the new unit will conduct "permanent" surveillance of the Amazon, where illicit deforestation grew 220 percent in August compared with the same month in 2011.
The force will be backed by the army, the federal police and the Brazilian Environment Institution (IBAMA), which has its own police unit.
Currently authorities are focusing their operations during the dry season when illicit logging increases.
"Environmental crime is becoming more sophisticated. To combat it, we must modernize our surveillance system," Teixeira said.
In August, logging affected an area of 522 square kilometers (210.5 square miles), up 220 percent from August last year, according to official figures.
That dropped to 282 square kilometers in September.
The ministry cited drought, the pressure of international commodity (mainly soybean) prices and land grabs by settlers along the Trans-Amazonian highway currently being asphalted as key factors behind the devastation of the Amazon rainforest.
Sixty percent of the Amazon, home to the world's largest tropical rainforest, is located within Brazil's borders.
Large-scale deforestation has made this continent-sized country one of the world's top greenhouse gas emitters, but the government has vowed to curb it and has made significant strides in the past decade.
Brazilian authorities confirmed earlier this year that deforestation fell to a record low of 6,418 square kilometers (2,478 square miles) in 2011, down from a peak of 27,000 square kilometers (10,000 square miles) in 2004.
Water News - Science, Technology and Politics
Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.
Southern Hemisphere becoming drier
Canberra, Australia (SPX) Oct 10, 2012
A decline in April-May rainfall over south-east Australia is associated with a southward expansion of the subtropical dry-zone according to research published in Scientific Reports, a primary research journal from the publishers of Nature. CSIRO scientists Wenju Cai, Tim Cowan and Marcus Thatcher explored why autumn rainfall has been in decline across south-eastern Australia since the 1970 ... read more
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2012 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement|