Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. Earth Science News .




EPIDEMICS
Canada high court lowers bar for HIV disclosure
by Staff Writers
Ottawa (AFP) Oct 5, 2012


Canada's Supreme Court on Friday decriminalized the non-disclosure of HIV status prior to sex where no realistic possibility of transmitting the potentially deadly virus exists.

The ruling clarifies a 1998 decision that set a threshold for criminality by requiring persons to tell partners of their HIV status before having sex with them or face possible charges of aggravated sexual assault, which carries a maximum life sentence.

In revisiting that decision, the court acknowledged medical advances that make it possible to manage the virus that causes AIDS with greater success.

Health advocates argued that the law stigmatizes people living with HIV/AIDS.

But prosecutors in two cases from Manitoba and Quebec provinces maintained that not disclosing one's HIV status deprives a partner of the basic right to make an informed decision about a sexual encounter.

"HIV is indisputably serious and life-threatening," the court said. "Although it can be controlled by medication, HIV remains an incurable chronic infection that if untreated, can result in death."

"Failure to disclose (HIV status) amounts to fraud where the complainant would not have consented had he or she known the accused was HIV-positive, and where sexual contact poses a significant risk of or causes actual serious bodily harm," it said.

However, if a person undergoing antiretroviral therapy has a low viral load at the time of intercourse and uses a condom, the risk of transmission and bodily harm is significantly reduced, it concluded.

The justices considered a pair of cases in their decision: acquitting a Quebec woman of aggravated sexual assault for having intercourse while her viral load was undetectable, and restoring the convictions of a Winnipeg man for having sex with four women without a condom and without disclosing his HIV status.

.


Related Links
Epidemics on Earth - Bird Flu, HIV/AIDS, Ebola






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





EPIDEMICS
Chloroquine makes comeback to combat malaria
Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX) Oct 05, 2012
Malaria-drug monitoring over the past 30 years has shown that malaria parasites develop resistance to medicine, and the first signs of resistance to the newest drugs have just been observed. At the same time, resistance monitoring at the University of Copenhagen shows that the previously efficacious drug chloroquine is once again beginning to work against malaria. In time that will ensure ... read more


EPIDEMICS
S. Korea labels chemical leak area 'disaster' zone

All 18 children confirmed dead in China landslide

All 18 children confirmed dead in China landslide

Hong Kong mourns victims of boat tragedy

EPIDEMICS
Angry Birds, Star Wars team up for new go

YouTube launches new global channels

Building 3D Structures from a 2D Template

Google, publishers end long-running copyright case

EPIDEMICS
Australia scientists tackle reef-killing starfish

Sea-level study shows signs of things to come

Tree rings go with the flow of the Amazon

New Fish Species Offers Literal Take on 'Hooking Up'

EPIDEMICS
Russian boy discovers 'woolly mammoth of the century'

Life found in lake frozen for centuries

Australian tycoon fined for Arctic party cruise

Study: Arctic warming faster than before

EPIDEMICS
Food oil production environmental threat?

Tree Nut Research May Unexpectedly Lead to Medical Advances

African land grabs are 'out of control'

New technologies advance livestock genomics for agricultural and biomedical uses

EPIDEMICS
Indonesian volcano spews ash clouds in new eruption

NASA Radar to Study Volcanoes in Alaska, Japan

Nadine ties Atlantic storm record

Typhoon Maliksi nearing Japan's northeast

EPIDEMICS
Nigeria military shoots dead several people after blast: witnesses

Ivory Coast to reopen Ghana border on Monday: defence minister

Poor but at peace, Mozambique marks 20 years since civil war

Nigerian college says massacre not linked to campus vote

EPIDEMICS
Last speaker of 'fisherfolk' dialect dies

Compelling evidence that brain parts evolve independently

Anti-aging pill being developed

Human Brains Develop Wiring Slowly, Differing from Chimpanzees




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement