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WATER WORLD
Immersive Data Collection And Peer Networks Key To Effective Watershed Councils

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by Staff Writers
Seattle WA (SPX) Jan 27, 2011
Community watershed councils can establish a social infrastructure that facilitates successful science-based management by participating in data collection and forming neighborhood peer networks, according to a study from the U.S. Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Findings of the study-which is featured in the January issue of Science Findings, a monthly publication of the station-can help watershed councils increase the effectiveness of their work.

"Watershed councils are locally organized volunteer groups that bring together diverse arrays of citizens concerned with how their watersheds are managed, and they are tremendously powerful partners in large-scale land management," said Rebecca Flitcroft, research fisheries biologist with the station and the study's lead. "Until now, we haven't really known what makes some councils particularly successful in managing their lands."

To address this knowledge gap, Flitcroft collaborated with Oregon State University Professor Courtland Smith and studied the Long Tom Watershed Council, an active group based in Oregon's Willamette Valley that has generated baseline data and is involved in more than 50 restoration projects.

Flitcroft has served as technical advisor to the leadership of the Long Tom-whose watershed encompasses 10 major subwatersheds managed for a wide range of purposes-and, in the study, identified aspects of the group and its processes that contribute to its productivity and success.

Among the study's findings:

+ Use data collection as an outreach tool to not only acquire scientific information, but to simultaneously educate landowners and increase their awareness and knowledge.

+ Establish trust by building a network of neighborhood peer leaders that have contact with the council.

+ Create a culture that is informed by science and seeks to increase knowledge and awareness across the watershed by including all stakeholder groups and representatives from diverse land-use sectors in watershed-scale restoration decisions.

+ Engage scientists as equal participants-rather than authority figures-and allow them to serve as technical advisors.

"Considering the relative lack of available grant funding and the diversity of land management objectives in the Long Tom watershed, if the process can be successful there, we should be confident that it can be successful in other places as well," said Flitcroft.




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WATER WORLD
First-Ever Global Map Of Surface Permeability Informs Water Supply
Vancouver, Canada (SPX) Jan 27, 2011
University of British Columbia researchers have produced the first map of the world outlining the ease of fluid flow through the planet's porous surface rocks and sediments. The maps and data, published in Geophysical Research Letters, could help improve water resource management and climate modelling, and eventually lead to new insights into a range of geological processes. "This is ... read more

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