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WATER WORLD
Melanin in marine fossils offers clues about where they could survive
by Staff Writers
Lund, Sweden (UPI) Jan 8, 2013


disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

The existence of melanin in extinct marine organisms helps provide clues about the environments in which they lived, Swedish researchers found.

Dark traces on the well-preserved fossilized skin from three distantly related marine reptiles -- a 55-million-year-old leatherback turtle, an 86-million-year-old mosasaur and a 190-million to 196-million-year-old ichthyosaur -- had melanin, allowing Swedish researchers to track the convergent evolution of the melanin.

Convergent evolution is the process in which organisms not closely related independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches.

Melanin is a pigment found in many animals and plays many roles, from coloration to regulating body temperature. The researchers, led by Johan Lindgren of Sweden's Lund University, said such convergence showed the important evolutionary role melanin had in determining whether such animals could live in colder parts of the world.

The findings were included in this week's edition of Nature.

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WATER WORLD
Norway says working to end Russian boycott on fish exports
Oslo, Norway (UPI) Jan 8, 2013
Norway is working to end a limited Russian boycott of Norwegian fish exports that took effect Jan. 1, Fisheries Minister Elisabeth Aspaker said this week. Under a move announced last month by Rosselkhoznadzor, the Russian Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Moscow has banned Norwegian exports of deep-sea whitefish such as cod and pollock and so-called pelagic ... read more


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