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New island forms in Red Sea off Yemen: NASA
by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) Dec 30, 2011

A new island has appeared off the west coast of Yemen following a volcanic eruption, NASA said Friday.

The US space agency's Earth Observatory posted satellite photos showing a plume of white smoke rising from the ocean near the Zubair group of islands in the Red Sea on December 23.

"The image from December 2011 shows an apparent island where there had previously been an unbroken water surface," it said.

"A thick plume rises from the island, dark near the bottom and light near the top, perhaps a mixture of volcanic ash and water vapor."

New islands are created by undersea volcanoes every few years, but many are not strong enough to withstand the wind and waves of the open sea, volcanologist Rick Wunderman told CNN on Thursday.

He added, however, that the volcanic material in the Red Sea tends to be more durable.

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Volcanic mudflow kills three in Indonesia
Jakarta (AFP) Dec 28, 2011
At least three people were killed by floods awash with volcanic mud in eastern Indonesia and thousands more displaced, an official said Wednesday. Mount Gamalama, which forms the entire island of Ternate in the Maluku chain, erupted and spewed a column of ash about 2,000 metres (6,500) feet) into the air early this month, although there were no casualties or injuries then. But two rivers ... read more

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