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News About Epidemics
December 13, 2017
Genetic survey of rats could help New York curb the rodent population
Washington (UPI) Dec 11, 2017
For the first time, scientists are getting a big-picture sense of how rats live, move and interact in New York City. The details lie in their genetic code. Matthew Combs, a graduate student at Fordham University, has assembled the most comprehensive genomic map yet of New York City's chief rodent. He hopes his work - detailed most recently in the journal Molecular Ecology - can help the city's health and sanitation officials curb its rat population. Over the last two years, Combs has t ... read more

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24/7 News Coverage
Scientists create successful mass production system for bioengineered livers

After the fire, charcoal goes against the grain, with the flow

A dynamic East Antarctic ice sheet has repeatedly grown and shrunk

NASA scientists embark on extreme Antarctic Trek

Scientists share various perspectives on ozone layer recovery

How much soil goes get washed down the drain

Primordial mutation helps explain origin of some organs in vertebrates

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One in two Africans don't know HIV status: expert
Thirty-five years after the start of the AIDS epidemic, one person in two in sub-Saharan Africa "does not know their HIV status," according to a French expert. ... more
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Army-developed Zika vaccine induces strong immune response in three phase 1 studies
Three Phase 1 human clinical trials evaluating an Army-developed Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) vaccine have shown it was safe and well-tolerated in healthy adults and induced a robust immun ... more
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Campaigners incensed at failings in Africa AIDS war
Angry AIDS activists are urging western and central Africa to step up the fight against HIV, saying millions of people, especially children, are at risk from complacency and underfunding. ... more
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World AIDS chief warns of risk for Africa's child brides
The head of the UN's AIDS agency on Monday urged African countries to protect young women and children who are bearing the brunt of the continent's AIDS epidemic. ... more
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UN warns of drug-resistant germ risk brewing in nature
The UN warned Tuesday of a ticking time bomb of drug-resistant germs brewing in the natural environment, aided by humans dumping antibiotics and chemicals into the water and soil. ... more
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Men at higher risk of dying of AIDS than women: UNAIDS
Men are less likely to test for HIV or access antiretroviral therapy and, therefore, are more likely to die of AIDS-related illnesses than women, UNAIDS said on Friday. ... more
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Mosquitoes transmit dengue virus more frequently when temperatures rise
Mosquitoes are more likely to transmit dengue virus on warmer days, according to new research published Friday in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology. ... more
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PrEP: A shield against AIDS
"It's magic," said Francois, smiling. "Every time I take a pill I think about the people who aren't so lucky as to have this option." ... more

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Nigeria's flourishing 'miracle cure' business for HIV/AIDS
Blessing wanted to believe the advert on Facebook that promised "a cure for AIDS". ... more
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HIV denial movement fuels Russian epidemic
Fewer than half of Russians with HIV are taking antiretroviral drugs, in part because of a conspiracy theory that the AIDS-causing virus is a myth invented by the West, officials and activists say. ... more
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Plague first came to Europe during the Stone Age
The earliest evidence of the plague-causing bacterium Yersinia pestis suggests the disease first arrived in Europe during the Stone Age, several millennia before the first documented epidemics. ... more
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Heavy rainfall precedes outbreaks of mosquito-borne viruses
New research suggests outbreaks of mosquito-borne viruses Zika and Chikungunya tend to begin three weeks after heavy rainfall. ... more
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Kill switches for engineered microbes gone rogue
Synthetic biologists are fitting the genomes of microorganisms with synthetic gene circuits to break down polluting plastics, non-invasively diagnose and treat infections in the human gut, and gener ... more
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Making mosquitoes self-destruct
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have developed transgenic mosquitoes that stably express the Cas9 enzyme in their germline. The addition of Cas9 will enable the use of the CRI ... more
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Last season's flu shot protected only 1 in 5 people
Last season's flu shot protected as few as one in five people and this year's could be similarly ineffective, researchers said Monday, calling for a better way to make the vaccine. ... more
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Tracking mosquitoes with your cellphone
It's a sound that can keep even the weariest among us from falling asleep: the high-pitched whine of a mosquito. This irritating buzz already makes us run, slap and slather on repellant. But if Stan ... more

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Space News from SpaceDaily.com
2 rookie astronauts, and cosmonaut blast off to ISS

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Initial results and data from observations of 'Oumuamua

Planting oxygen ensures a breath of fresh air

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The end of pneumonia? New vaccine offers hope
In 2004, pneumonia killed more than 2 million children worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. By 2015, the number was less than 1 million. Better access to antibiotics and impr ... more
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New test rapidly diagnoses Zika
MIT researchers have developed a paper-based test that can diagnose Zika infection within 20 minutes. Unlike existing tests, the new diagnostic does not cross-react with Dengue virus, a close relati ... more
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Scientists are successfully breeding disease-resistance into mosquitoes
While other mosquito-borne diseases have captured headlines in recent years, malaria remains the most problematic. Every year, several hundred million people become infected and a few hundred thousand perish. ... more
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A sixth of new HIV patients in Europe 50 or older: study
People aged 50 and older comprise a growing percentage of HIV patients in Europe, accounting for one in six new cases in 2015, researchers said Wednesday. ... more
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UC research shows ticks are even tougher and nastier than you thought
They carry a host of diseases that they spread by plunging their barbed mouths into you like a grisly oil derrick. They're hard to remove and even harder to kill. Is your skin crawling yet? ... more
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Broad swath of US deemed environmentally suitable for mosquitoes that transmit disease
Three-quarters of counties in the contiguous United States present suitable environmental conditions for at least part of the year for either Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquitoes to survive ... more
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Carbohydrates may be the key to a better malaria vaccine
An international research team has shown for the first time that carbohydrates on the surface of malaria parasites play a critical role in malaria's ability to infect mosquito and human hosts. ... more
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Using NASA Satellite Data to Predict Malaria Outbreaks
In the Amazon Rainforest, few animals are as dangerous to humans as mosquitos that transmit malaria. The tropical disease can bring on high fever, headaches and chills and is particularly severe for ... more
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