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Arrests after China web users call for protests

After Egypt, Myanmar's Suu Kyi wants Twitter: report
Montreal (AFP) Feb 19, 2011 - Inspired by people-power revolts in Tunisia and Egypt, Myanmar's long-suffering opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi said she wants to join other pro-democracy activists by using Twitter and Facebook. For most of the past 20 years until her release from house arrest in November, virtually all communication with the outside world had been denied the Nobel peace laureate by the military regime that rules the country. Now she wants to catch up by joining the global online community, she said in a telephone interview with Canada's Globe and Mail newspaper published Saturday. The pro-democracy icon said she finally has her first Internet connection at her Yangon home, and while she has paid more than $1,000 to a junta-controlled company for the privilege, the connection is too slow to access social networks.

"I think we need to -- what do you call it -- raise the megabyte?" she told the Mail. "So we've applied for a stronger link-up," she added. "As soon as the conditions are right, I want to have both Facebook and Twitter." The two popular US-based social networking sites were used by anti-government demonstrators to thwart censorship during demonstrations in Tunisia that led to the ouster of longtime dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, and in Egypt where strongman president Hosni Mubarak was driven from power. Facebook and Twitter also continue to be used to get out the latest information in other Middle Eastern and North African countries where anti-government demonstrations have been met with deadly violence. Aung San Suu Kyi, 65, hailed the role that the Egyptian army played during that country's 18-day revolution. "What everybody noticed is the Egyptian army did not fire on the people, which is the greatest difference and the most critical difference" between conditions in Egypt and those in Myanmar, she said.

The events in Cairo stand in stark contrast to what happened in her own country in 1988, when protests erupted against the military and were brutally crushed. Some 3,000 people were killed. "Because the Burmese army does shoot down the people, it's not very likely that people will want to go onto the streets" now to press for the junta's ouster, she said. "But on the other hand, one cannot say that the Burmese army is always going to shoot at the people." Suu Kyi took a lead role in the pro-democracy movement and swept her National League for Democracy to a landslide election win in 1990, but the NLD was never allowed to take power. Her party boycotted the country's first election in 20 years, held last November 7, saying the rules were unfair.
by Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP) Feb 20, 2011
Several top Chinese rights activists have disappeared into police custody as a web campaign urged angry citizens to mark the Middle East's "Jasmine Revolution" with protests, campaigners said Sunday.

Up to 15 leading Chinese rights lawyers and activists have disappeared since Saturday amid a nationwide police mobilisation, according to activists, while the government appeared to censor Internet postings calling for the demonstrations.

"We welcome... laid off workers and victims of forced evictions to participate in demonstrations, shout slogans and seek freedom, democracy and political reform to end 'one party rule'," one Internet posting said.

The postings, many of which appeared to have originated on overseas websites run by exiled Chinese political activists, called for protests in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and 10 other major Chinese cities.

Protesters were urged to shout slogans including "We want food to eat", "We want work", "We want housing", "We want justice", "Long live freedom" and "Long live democracy".

At Beijing's central Wangfujing shopping district where protesters were told to gather, a massive police presence was in place but no demonstrations were seen as thousands of shoppers milled about on what is normally a busy shopping day.

At least two people were seen being taken away by police, one for cursing at the authorities and another person who was shouting: "I want food to eat."

According to Internet postings, only a few demonstrators appeared in other cities, although large police contigents were seen at designated protest spots in Shanghai, Harbin, Guangzhou and Chengdu.

"I don't think the call to protest was serious, no one really intended to protest because there are too many police," leading rights lawyer Li Jinsong told AFP.

"By taking this so seriously, police are showing how concerned they are that the Jasmine Revolution could influence China's social stability."

As the word spread on the demonstrations, numerous political dissidents and rights lawyers were placed in police custody, activists said.

"Many rights defenders have disappeared (into police custody) in recent days, others are under house arrest and their mobile phones are blocked," rights attorney Ni Yulan told AFP.

"The police detachment outside my door has increased. They follow us if we go out," Ni said of the surveillance on her and her husband.

Telephone calls to prominent rights lawyers including Teng Biao, Xu Zhiyong and Jiang Tianyong went unanswered Sunday. Friends and other activists said they had been detained by police.

Chinese authorities have sought to restrict media reports on the recent political turmoil that began in Tunisia as the "Jasmine Revolution" and spread to Egypt and across the Middle East.

Unemployment and rising prices have been key factors linked to the unrest that has also spread to Bahrain, Yemen, Algeria and Libya.

Searches Sunday for "jasmine revolution" on China's Twitter-like micro-blog Weibo produced no results, while messages on the popular Baidu search engine said that due to laws and regulations such results were unavailable.

Some Chinese Internet search pages listed "jasmine" postings but links to them were blocked.

The Chinese government has expended tremendous resources to police the Internet and block anti-government postings and other politically sensitive material with a system known as the "Great Firewall of China".

In a speech given Saturday, Chinese President Hu Jintao acknowledged growing social unrest and urged the ruling Communist Party to better safeguard stability while also ordering strengthened controls over "virtual society" or the Internet.

"It is necessary to strengthen and improve a mechanism for safeguarding the rights and interests of the people," Xinhua news agency quoted Hu as saying.

A key to achieve the goal was to "solve prominent problems which might harm the harmony and stability of the society... safeguard people's rights and interests, promote social justice, and sustain sound social order," he said.

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