Earth Science News  





.
FROTH AND BUBBLE
Asbestos trade thriving in developing world: report

China beaches closed after oil spill
Beijing (AFP) July 21, 2010 - Chinese authorities have closed several beaches and an island resort near the major port of Dalian as they try to clean up an oil spill that has affected crude shipments, state media said Wednesday. Tourists were barred from Bangchui island and city beaches amid ongoing efforts to clean up the slick that stretches over at least 183 square kilometres (70 square miles) of ocean, the China Daily newspaper said. More than 23 tonnes of oil-eating bacteria and dozens of oil-skimming vessels are being used to remove the slick, after a pipeline explosion and fire on Friday sent tonnes of crude spilling into the sea. Some state media reports put the amount of the spill at 1,500 tonnes, but others said the total amount was unknown. So far, at least 460 tonnes of oil have been scooped up, according to the Xinhua news agency.

Hundreds of soldiers and residents have been involved in the clean-up effort, the report said. One firefighter was killed Tuesday after he was pushed into the ocean by a huge wave and drowned. Authorities lifted a partial ban on port traffic on Tuesday after oil was cleared from the main shipping waterways, but the interruption in port access has affected shipments of oil from Dalian to the south of the country. Dalian is China's second-largest port for crude oil imports and a major domestic production hub, according to the China Daily. Refineries in the port city are processing inventories so oil prices are not expected to be impacted, Xinhua said. Workers in Dalian are using barriers to prevent the slick from spreading, but are concerned wind and heavy rain could worsen the situation. Most of the hundreds of fishing boats called in to help the clean-up were forced to return to shore due to the poor weather conditions.
by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) July 21, 2010
Despite proven links to cancer, a ban in the European Union and four other countries, and damning scientific studies, asbestos is still selling like hotcakes in the developing world, a report said Wednesday.

An investigation conducted by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and the BBC found that the asbestos industry has ignored waves of asbestos-related disease that have led to bans or restrictions in 52 countries, and continues to ply the mineral in developing nations.

More than half of the two million metric tonnes of asbestos that were mined worldwide in 2009 was exported to developing countries like India and Mexico, where demand is high for cheap building materials, the report said.

Most of the asbestos sold in those countries is used in cement for corrugated roofing, in water pipes and for home construction.

A key reason for the buoyant sales is that asbestos is cheaper than alternative materials such as polypropylene fiber cement, steel-reinforced concrete pipes and aluminum roof tiles.

In India, the second largest asbestos market in the world after China, nearly 350,000 metric tons of the mineral were used in 2008, and asbestos use has risen by 83 percent since 2004, the report said.

"The really unfortunate part is that, though they know it's dangerous, they still live with it because it's cheap and abundant," said Murali Krishnan, an Indian reporter who worked on the nine-month investigation.

The World Bank last year told borrowers it expects them to use alternatives to asbestos whenever possible.

But the asbestos industry has continued to grow, thanks to a "marketing campaign involving a global network of industry groups led by the Canadian government-backed Chrysotile Institute," said David Kaplan, director of the ICIJ.

Chrysotile is another name for the most common type of asbestos, white asbestos.

"We found institutes and trade centers in Montreal, Mexico City, New Delhi and elsewhere that are sharing information and coordinating public relations initiatives to promote the 'controlled use' of chrysotile or white asbestos which is the only form of the mineral used today," Kaplan said.

Canada, which has asbestos mines but uses almost no asbestos within its borders, became a leader in the global pro-asbestos movement in the 1960s when studies that tied the mineral to cancer threatened to shutter mines in Quebec.

The Montreal-based Chrysotile Institute promotes the "controlled" use of asbestos in construction and manufacturing, a concept the report said is "elusive in developing countries," where worker safety regulations are lax and more and more people are being exposed to asbestos.

The industry campaign is likely to result in epidemics of asbestos-related diseases within the next decade, with the biggest users, China and India, the hardest hit by the mineral's devastating health effects, said Kaplan.

Researchers in India have estimated that deaths from asbestos-related cancers could reach one million in developing nations by 2020, while an Australian researcher has predicted five to 10 million deaths from cancers caused by asbestos exposure by 2030.

Finnish researchers estimated that 10,000 to 15,000 people will die in China each year by 2035 of asbestos-related ailments.

Currently, the death toll from asbestos-related diseases is estimated by the International Labor Organization to be 100,000 worldwide.




Share This Article With Planet Earth
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook



Related Links
Our Polluted World and Cleaning It Up



Tempur-Pedic Mattress Comparison

Newsletters :: SpaceDaily Express :: SpaceWar Express :: TerraDaily Express :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News
FROTH AND BUBBLE
China uses oil-eating bacteria to clean up spill
Beijing (AFP) July 20, 2010
Authorities in China are using over 23 tonnes of oil-eating bacteria to help clean up an oil spill in the Yellow Sea caused by a pipeline explosion and fire at the weekend, state media said Tuesday. Yang Jiesen, head of the research and development division of a Beijing biotechnology company, said the Maritime Safety Administration had placed its order for the bacteria on Saturday, the offic ... read more

.
Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email
  


FROTH AND BUBBLE
Asia security forum to boost regional disaster relief

Voodoo rite draws Haitian faithful praying for comfort

27 missing after bus plunges off road in southwest China

The Life-Saving Capabilities Of Storm Shelters

FROTH AND BUBBLE
Sharp to join e-reader business war

Toward A New Generation Of Superplastics

SSTL Kicks Off Small Satellite For Kazakhstan

Andrews Space And Honeybee Robotics Team To Develop Spacecraft Control Moment Gyroscopes

FROTH AND BUBBLE
Jordan River too polluted for baptisms: eco group

Stormwater Model To Inform Regulators On Future Development Projects

Aquatic Dead Zones

Findings Overturn Old Theory Of Phytoplankton Growth

FROTH AND BUBBLE
Satellite giving scientists 'ice' insights

Himalayan ice shrivels in global warming: exhibit

Footloose Glaciers Crack Up

Arctic Climate May Be More Sensitive To Warming Than Thought

FROTH AND BUBBLE
Congress taking up school lunch bill

Mapping Out Pathways To Better Soybeans

Hospitals urge antiobiotic-free meat

Thailand to unleash swarm of wasps on crop pest

FROTH AND BUBBLE
One dead, dozens injured in southern Iran quake: reports

China floods deadliest in 10 years, conditions set to worsen

Supercomputer Reproduces A Cyclone's Birth

Death toll from typhoon rises to 76 in Philippines

FROTH AND BUBBLE
Nigeria's oil spills dwarf gulf disaster

Rebels sign U.N. anti-child soldier deal

Dutch judgment in Ivory Coast toxic waste case

Kenya goes hi-tech to curb election fraud

FROTH AND BUBBLE
Facebook membership hits 500 million mark

The Friend Of My Enemy Is My Enemy

The Protective Brain Hypothesis Is Confirmed

Scientists study brain's 'body map'


The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement