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. Australia Turns To Sunshades, Water Spray To Save Great Barrier Reef

Iceberg warning for ships in Southern Ocean
Wellington (AFP) Nov 3 - An iceberg warning has been issued for ships in the Southern Ocean after more than 100 were sighted Friday just south of New Zealand. "We were surprised by the number of them and by how far north they were," said squadron leader Andy Nielsen, the captain of the New Zealand Airforce Orion which found the icebergs while on a routine fisheries patrol.

"We were operating in a major shipping lane and, due to the number of these things floating around, we thought it wise that Maritime New Zealand be informed." Nielsen said they radioed in to marine authority Maritime New Zealand so a navigation hazard warning could be issued. The northernmost iceberg was only 260 kilometres (161 miles) off the New Zealand coast and the largest was estimated at two kilometres by 1.5 kilometres and more than 130 metres high.

by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) Nov 3, 2006
Australia is considering using vast sunshades to stop global climate change further damaging the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral system, a government minister said Friday. Tourism Minister Fran Bailey said the government was looking at funding the use of shade cloths to protect vulnerable parts of the giant reef off the coast of Queensland state, after a promising two-year trial.

Scientists warned earlier this year that high ocean temperatures linked to global warming had caused severe coral bleaching in parts of the reef, said to be one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

Bleaching occurs when the plant-like organisms that make up coral die and leave behind the white limestone skeleton of the reef.

"We're very concerned because this is a 5.8-billion-dollar (4.5-billion-US) tourist industry on the reef employing 33,000 people," Bailey told the Australian Broadcast Corporation.

"So, obviously, we're tackling this issue from both ends -- the cause of the problem and also trying to find very practical ways where we can mitigate the problem."

The shade cloth, which is being developing by marine researchers in Queensland, would be held in place by floating pontoons.

Marine biologist Russell Hore from Reef Biosearch in Port Douglas said while the idea had at first seemed laughable, everything had to be considered to protect the UNESCO World Heritage-listed reef from future bleaching.

"We haven't had the full effects that some places around the world have had, but it's really just a matter of time and if we don't start to seriously look at this issue then we certainly could be looking at large areas of coral reefs around the world dying off," he said.

Although it would be impossible to shade the entire reef, which stretches over more than 345,000 square kilometers (133,000 square miles), the trial of four five-metre square shade cloths was about proving coral bleaching could be tackled by reducing both light intensity and temperature, he said.

The development follows Thursday's proposal by scientists to protect strategic areas of the reef from bleaching by spraying the water's surface with a mist of seawater to break surface tension and reduce the UV radiation reaching the coral beneath.

Source: Agence France-Presse

Related Links
Reef Biosearch
Learn about Climate Science at TerraDaily.com
Darwin Today At TerraDaily.com

Robotic Boat Geared
Glassboro NJ (SPX) Nov 06, 2006
Though it looks like a miniature yellow catamaran, a craft designed by professors and students at Rowan University is not your father's toy boat. Indeed, the wooden boat actually is a robotic flotation device and research tool called Interactive Mobile Aqua Probing and Surveillance or IMAPS.

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