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Australia swine flu tally hits 10,000, virus 'prefers young'

Photo courtesy of AFP.New Zealand plays down economic impact as swine flu spreads
The economic impact of swine flu will be "relatively mild", the New Zealand central bank said in a report as new cases of the disease were confirmed in the Pacific region Wednesday. Both the Marshall Islands and Tonga reported their first cases of the A(H1N1) virus to join the growing ranks of Pacific islands affected by swine flu. In New Zealand, nine people have died among 1,984 confirmed cases of the disease, which the World Health Organisation has said is unstoppable. However, the New Zealand health ministry has projected there will be fewer than 200 deaths among the population of four million, and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand has released a paper suggesting it will have a limited macroeconomic impact. "We appreciate there is a real human cost to influenza, as this strain is already unfortunately demonstrating," Reserve Bank assistant governor John McDermott said. Bank analysts estimated a baseline decline in production of 0.62 percent in the first year after the outbreak. "Our preferred baseline case is predicated on recent ministry of health assumptions that suggest less than 200 swine flu deaths," researchers Martin Fukac and Kirdan Lees said in their report. "We find relatively mild declines in output of, at most, 0.62 percent cumulated over the first year after the outbreak." They cited earlier studies of the 1918 pandemic, which killed 650,000 people in the United States alone. Most of the deaths happened in a single month, and while the human toll was great, it did not really affect production, they said. "The broad pattern of data from historical episodes does not support large impacts on output from outbreaks of influenza." In the Marshall Islands, President Litokwa Tomeing, in a public address to the nation of 55,000, urged the public "not to panic" after the first four cases of swine flu were detected. Health officials are concerned about the possible rapid spread in the crowded capital of Majuro where an estimated 32,000 people live on about six square miles of land. Radio and TV Tonga News reported Wednesday that two people had also tested positive for swine flu in the Pacific kingdom. The head of public health, Dr. Malakai 'Ake said one of the infected women had arrived from Australia and the other was a local resident. Tonga and the Marshall Islands join Guam, Palau, Fiji, Samoa, American Samoa, Cook Islands, New Caledonia and French Polynesia with confirmed cases in the Pacific islands.
by Staff Writers
Melbourne (AFP) July 15, 2009
Australia's swine flu cases topped 10,000 Wednesday as officials in the worst-hit Asia-Pacific country reported two more deaths and warned the virus "preferred young people."

Health Minister Nicola Roxon said the national tally was now 10,387, more than 10 percent of the global total confirmed by the World Health Organization with 123 people in hospital.

South Australia and Queensland states reported two deaths of people with the disease, taking the national flu-linked toll to 22. A(H1N1) has not been confirmed as the cause of any of the deaths.

Roxon said the number of cases would climb as the southern hemisphere winter progresses. She said the real caseload was likely much higher as mild infections were not being tested.

"The numbers are expected to peak in August ... the pandemic strain of flu is becoming the predominant flu strain in Australia this winter," the minister told reporters.

She said those hit hardest mostly had pre-existing medical conditions, but warned that health authorities were now worried about a growing number of serious cases in young people.

"We do see that there are some people who are young and otherwise healthy who have the rapidly deteriorating disease ... it's obviously concerning," she said.

Roxon said patients' average age was 19, adding that doctors and health workers had been told to watch for young people with trouble breathing because their condition could quickly become life-threatening.

"We flagged early on that we were concerned that this was not the same as other flus, that it seemed to be a disease that preferred young people," she said.

Another high-risk group is the impoverished Aborigines, who account for 698 cases or almost seven percent of cases even though they make up only 2.5 percent of the population.

"This is not a surprise given our awareness that those particularly at risk are those with chronic diseases and that many indigenous Australians have those," Roxon said.

Australia has ordered 21 million doses of a forthcoming vaccine, enough to immunise the entire population if necessary, as concern grows over the pandemic which the WHO has described as "unstoppable."

Roxon said Australian pharmaceutical firm CSL would begin human trials of a swine flu vaccine next week and, if successful, it should be available in October.

She also rejected a report that computer modelling had shown the virus could kill up to 10,000 in New South Wales state alone over a two-month period if the mass immunisation is not carried out.

"We've seen some fairly ambitious, if not ludicrous, claims being made that it could be 10,000 or 20,000 or 30,000 in particular states," she said, adding that the death rate was not as high as initially feared.

Roxon said the government's own modelling projected 6,000 deaths under a worst-case scenario but the steps being taken to contain the disease meant it would be far lower.

"That's the modelling if no action was taken, of course we are taking a lot of action and we believe that can be significantly reduced," she said.

According to the UN's World Health Organization (WHO), 94,512 cases of A(H1N1) influenza have been reported, causing 429 deaths.

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Countries plan for mass vaccinations against swine flu
Rome (AFP) July 14, 2009
The "unstoppable" swine flu pandemic Tuesday raised fears of millions of cases by next year and countries talked about mass vaccinations, while South America sought a united front to combat the disease. Italy predicted it may have dealt with between three and four million cases of swine flu by March 2010, the country's deputy health minister Ferruccio Fazio said Tuesday. He added that by ... read more

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