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Brazilian president defends controversial dam project

Lesotho to begin work on 197 million dollar dam next year
Maseru (AFP) April 23, 2010 - Lesotho will next year begin construction on the 197 million dollar (147 million euro) Metolong Dam, a spokeswoman said Friday, part of efforts to secure the water supply in the small, poor nation. Metolong Authority spokeswoman Matseliso Makoele told AFP that the dam, slated for completion in 2013, will help meet growing residential and industrial demand on the water supply in Lesotho's capital Maseru. "Maseru and its surrounding areas have undergone rapid growth, which has put a strain on resources such as water. The current water supply system is overstretched and this prompts a need to augment supply to the city and its surrounding areas," Makoele said.

The dam will be the third built in the mountainous country, which is completely surrounded by South Africa, over the last three decades. The existing Katse and Mohale dams supply water to South Africa. The export of water has caused frustrations among residents here, who complain that South Africa used Lesotho's water to build World Cup stadiums and new transport systems while local households battled for regular supplies. The 73-metre (240-foot) high roller compacted concrete dam will hold a 53 million cubic metre reservoir, on the south of the Phuthiatsana river, 35 kilometres (20 miles) east of the capital.

The dam will have a raw water intake and pump station. The Metolong dam is planned to supply more than 350,000 urban dwellers, in a nation of 1.8 million people. Assessment studies found that only a dozen families would need to move as a result of the dam. The Metolong programme forms part of the Lowlands Bulk Water Supply Scheme (LBWSS) to improve safe water supplies and to support economic growth. The 197-million-dollar project is funded by the governments of Lesotho and South Africa, the World Bank, Kuwait Fund, US foreign aid and other donors.
by Staff Writers
Brasilia (AFP) April 22, 2010
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on Thursday threw his weight behind a controversial dam project which has drawn fierce opposition for threatening Amazon tribes and wildlife.

Lula said the Belo Monte hydroelectric project was necessary to lift Brazil's energy output in the 21st century.

He also said 1.9 billion dollars of the 11.2-billion-dollar cost of the dam was going to allay the environmental impact and to help indigenous communities and other locals who will be displaced when a swath of the Amazon is flooded.

Environmentalists and Amazon Indian tribes have decried what they say will be massive destruction of Brazilian fauna and flora in the area.

However tribal protesters said Thursday that they will postpone plans to build a village on the projected dam site to stop construction, as they had threatened, and will instead meet with officials from the government electricity consortium and other Indian leaders.

Xikrin tribe members, who were heading out on boats to begin the protest occupation, instead first stopped in the town of Altamira "to talk directly" with representatives of the local state power company, chief Luiz Xipaya told AFP.

The protest occupation will depend on the results of Altamira talks, Xipaya said.

In his press conference, Lula said he was unconcerned by reports that some foreign companies could back out of the project, saying that state enterprises could pick up the slack.

"A country that wants to be the fifth-biggest economy on the planet within the next decade... needs to think five years ahead, and that is why we are doing this," Lula told reporters.

Lula also said that there are two other Amazon-region hydroelectric dams already being built, and that yet another one could be announced soon.

The dam would be the third-largest in the world after China's Three Gorges facility and Brazil's Itaipu dam in the south on the border with Paraguay.

Hollywood director James Cameron and actress Sigourney Weaver have lent their fame to the fight to stop the dam, drawing parallels between the natives' fight against the project and the theme of their blockbuster movie "Avatar."

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Indigenous groups sent to occupy Amazon dam site: chief
Brasilia (AFP) April 21, 2010
Indigenous activists threatened a clash with Brazil's government as they dispatched boats carrying 150 men Wednesday to occupy the planned site of a controversial hydro-electric dam in the Amazon, a chief said. Environmentalists, indigenous groups and local residents lost a protracted court battle to halt the bidding process for the giant Belo Monte dam, projected to be the world's third-lar ... read more

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