Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
. Earth Science News .




Subscribe to our free daily newsletters



DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Climate change could push 122 mn into extreme poverty: UN
By Fanny CARRIER
Rome (AFP) Oct 17, 2016


Power impact from Matthew nowhere near Hurricane Sandy
Washington (UPI) Oct 17, 2016 - Though some states are still coping with flooding from Hurricane Matthew, data from the Energy Department finds outages were far less than from Hurricane Sandy.

Hurricane Matthew was a Category 3 storm when it hit the east coast of Florida in early October. The storm left hundreds of people dead in Haiti and elsewhere in the Caribbean before it turned north to impact states to Virginia before heading out to sea.

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, Matthew caused widespread power outages up and down the Atlantic Coast.

"Total outages reached their peak level on October 9, with roughly 2.5 million residential, commercial, and industrial electricity customers without service across five states," the EIA said.

In terms of total numbers, Florida's outages impacted about 1 million people, which is about 10 percent of the state's total electricity customers. The 800,000 peak outages in South Carolina, meanwhile, represented about 30 percent of the total state customers.

Motor club AAA reported that Matthew forced the closure of fuel terminals in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Most of the coastal ports reopened in the region by the time remnants of Matthew moved out to sea, however the storm caused short-term gasoline shortages and skewed the national average price at the pump higher.

In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy in 2012, regional governors in the northeastern states impacted by the storm enacted gasoline rationing programs, by which motorists were eligible to buy fuel based on license-plate numbers

At the peak, roughly 8.5 million customers were without power because of Hurricane Sandy, a Category 1 storm. Energy infrastructure was challenged further by a nor'easter that followed Sandy onshore.

Climate change could sink up to 122 million more people into extreme poverty by 2030, mostly in South Asia and Africa, where small farmers would see their output plummet, the UN warned Monday.

In an annual report, the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) warned that a worst-case scenario involving high-impact climate change would pound the communities that rely on agriculture for their livelihood.

It called for a "broad-based transformation of food and agricultural systems" to adapt to a warmer world, and doubling down on support for the world's 475 million smallholder farm families.

"There is no doubt climate change affects food security," FAO chief Jose Graziano da Silva said.

"What climate change does is to bring back uncertainties from the time we were all hunter gatherers. We cannot assure any more that we will have the harvest we have planted."

Farming is both a driver of climate change, responsible for some 21 percent of global greenhouse gas production, and a victim, with crops adversely affected by drought and floods.

Adopting "climate-smart" practices, like planting nitrogen-efficient and heat-tolerant crops, or finding better ways to conserve water, would reduce undernourishment for many millions, the FAO said.

To weigh the effect of climate change, the FAO created predictive models based on either a low- or high-impact scenario, and compared them to a third in which climate change did not exist.

Without global warming, it said, general economic growth would work to reduce the numbers of those at risk of hunger in most regions.

But taking a "business as usual" approach in a world with climate change would see the numbers of the world's poor jump by between 35 and 122 million by 2030.

In the worst-case scenario, 62 million of the newly poor are in South Asia, and 43 million in Africa.

- 'Increasingly severe' impact -

Over the next few decades, the UN agency said some regions, especially cold ones, would actually see some gains in fishing, farming and forestry output.

But that positive impact would disappear by 2030, replaced by an "increasingly severe" negative impact on yields all across the globe.

The FAO urged signatories to the 2015 Paris climate deal to "put commitments into action", underscoring the need to help developing countries with climate change mitigation.

These should include support for innovation, climate finance to fund developing countries' involvement and using international public finance to trigger greater public and private investment.

The FAO estimated the cost of funding smallholder farmers in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia at roughly $210 billion (190 billion euros) per year.

"The benefits of adaptation outweigh the costs of inaction by very wide margins," Graziano da Silva said.

In comparison, developed countries and the biggest developing countries spent more than $560 billion in 2015 supporting the farming industry, the FAO said in its report.

The UN agency also highlighted agricultural innovations that could help the industry reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.

Instead of flooding rice paddies, for example, Asian farmers could use water-conserving alternatives, with a 45-percent drop in methane emissions.


Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

.


Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Previous Report
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
UN worried over attacks on aid convoys in hurricane-hit Haiti
Port-Au-Prince (AFP) Oct 16, 2016
The United Nations is concerned at the rise in looting and attacks targeting emergency aid deliveries in hurricane-ravaged Haiti, a UN official told AFP on Sunday. Food, medicine and other essential aid has been slow to reach many hard-hit areas. Some desperate Haitians have taken to blocking parts of the road crossing the southern peninsula to intercept humanitarian convoys, in some cases l ... read more


DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Haiti hurricane victims lose hope of receiving aid

Climate change could push 122 mn into extreme poverty: UN

Power impact from Matthew nowhere near Hurricane Sandy

UN worried over attacks on aid convoys in hurricane-hit Haiti

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Achieving ultra-low friction without oil additives

Beijing to merge chemicals giants

Scientists model anti-reflective surfaces after cicada wings

TES team evaluates new data collection method after age-related issue

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Historical Records May Underestimate Sea Level Rise

Evaluating forecasting models for predicting rainfall from tropical cyclones

Sharks are beautiful, diver says despite narrow escape

Ocean warning for Pacific's Melanesia

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
NASA Launches Eighth Year of Antarctic Ice Change Airborne Survey

Scientists launch unprecedented Antarctic research mission

Antarctica is practically defined by ice. What happens when it melts?

New permafrost map shows regions vulnerable to thaw, carbon release

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Model predicts spread of harmful plant pathogen around the globe

Massive US health tab for hormone-disrupting chemicals

Soybean nitrogen breakthrough could help feed the world

Biodiversity is a natural crop pest repellent

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
6.9-magnitude quake hits off PNG: USGS

11 dead in Vietnam floods: state media

Vietnam floods kill 25 as new typhoon approaches

Thousands flee as typhoon lashes Philippines

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Mozambique peace talks resume after negotiator's murder

20 dead in Pygmy-Bantu caterpillar clashes in DR Congo

Mali governor visits troubled region for first time in years

Three Burkinabe troops killed in attack near Mali border

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Female chimpanzees don't fight for 'queen bee' status

Wild chimpanzee mothers teach young to use tools, video study confirms

Apes understand that some things are all in your head

Mapping the 'dark matter' of human DNA




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News






The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement