Washington (UPI) Oct 13, 2010
Actor George Clooney visited Capitol Hill and the White House this week to push U.S. President Barack Obama and Congress to urge quick action to prevent further violence and human rights violations in Sudan after January's vote on whether southern Sudan will split from the north.
Clooney, an actor and film director but also a long-time human rights activist, met with Obama and later with Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman John Kerry, D-Mass., and Sen. Richard Lugar, R-Ind., the top Republican on the committee, to call for diplomatic actions directed at Sudan "before people start dying."
Southern Sudan, a quasi-autonomous state with a population of about 8 million people, will decide Jan. 9 whether to become independent or to remain part of the Government of National Unity created in 2005 after more than two decades of civil war.
Clooney, who recently visited Southern Sudan with John Prendergast, the founder of the anti-genocide group Enough Project, and NBC News' Ann Curry, said that the referendum may drag the country into another spiral of violence.
"We have about 90 days before will be facing a real disaster," Clooney said.
Lugar also urged Congress to "take seriously what's happening in Sudan."
Clooney said that all the people he met during his trip seemed to be determined to gain independence, which might cause a violent reaction from the north.
"We know the players involved," he said. "They are the same people who were involved in Darfur."
In 2009, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that one of the key goals of the Obama administration in Sudan was to guarantee a peaceful post-referendum situation.
Since 1953, when Sudan, the largest African country, became independent from the United Kingdom and Egypt, the Muslim-dominated north and the south have engaged in two civil wars. While rooted in religious and ethnic differences, these conflicts were also caused by disputes over the control of economic resources, namely oil.
The first civil unrest broke out in the 1950s and ended in the early 1970s. The second, started in 1983, ended only in 2005 after the signing of a peace agreement and left more than 2 million people dead, according to the Department of State.
A report by Human Rights Watch found that the humanitarian situation in southern Sudan was still precarious in 2009. In the absence of a functioning rule of law system, civilians, according to the report, are often attacked by soldiers and other security forces.
Although the Department of State still lists Sudan as one of the states that sponsors international terrorism, since 2005 the United States has invested in the country more than $8 billion in humanitarian aid.
"We already involved," Clooney said. "If we do it now, it doesn't cost us any money."
Share This Article With Planet Earth
Africa News - Resources, Health, Food
Abuja, Nigeria (UPI) Oct 13, 2010
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan has declared that the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta will no longer provide a safe haven for criminals. Presidential spokesman Ima Niboro said, "The president just returned from Zamfara and Sokoto states. It was successful and incident-free, in spite of the bomb threats by MEND. "But the threats bring to focus the president's ... read more
Malnourished Pakistani flood children face winter peril|
Pakistan flood damage 9.7 billion dollars: World Bank, ADB
Tough tasks ahead after 33 miners' rescue
China web users slam nation's mine safety amid Chile rescue
Polymer Behaviors Below The 1 Nanometer Level
Examining How Materials Bond At The Atomic Level
TanDEM-X Leader Has A Connection With Antennas
Breakthrough Promises Bright Fast Displays At Low Power
US lifts Gulf of Mexico deepwater drilling ban
Australia Must Have Better Plan For A Variable Water Future
Alarming Increase In Flow Of Water Into Oceans
Asia facing worsening water crisis: ADB
Crew circles North Pole in one summer
Himalayan climate change action urged
Disappearing Glaciers Enhanced Biodiversity
Argentine Congress votes to restrict mining near glaciers
States rip apart EU bid to fix GM crops mess
U.N. hails eradication of a cattle disease
Uruguay, S. Arabia plan for food security
New Fish Feeds Made From Fish Byproducts
Cuba on storm alert as Hurricane Paula approaches
Man-made causes cited for Pakistan floods
Hot meals draw pupils back to Haiti's quake hit schools
Hurricane Paula heads for Mexican tourist coast
Niger's number two junta leader arrested: military
African leaders urged to tackle climate change at forum
Clooney seek diplomatic action in Sudan
Nigerian clamps down on MEND militants
'Missing link' fossil debated by science
Research Suggests Volcanoes Nixed Neanderthals
Study finds brain changes during sleep
Canadian helps severely disabled speak through music
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement|