Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. Earth Science News .




WATER WORLD
Conference seeks to curb exploitation of high seas
by Staff Writers
Hyderabad, India (AFP) Oct 17, 2012


Long spared because of their remoteness, the high seas have become an important hunting ground for fish trawlers and oil prospectors, putting at risk many marine species that call these waters home.

Covering 64 percent of the oceans and half the Earth's surface, international waters have become the next frontier as fish stocks nearer to the coast run out and oil exploration ships are spurred on by high fuel prices.

The high seas, where no national laws apply and international rules are often vague, have become a "lawless zone" where prospectors operate "on a first-come-first-served" basis, oceanographic and marine law experts lamented at a conference in Monaco last week.

Policy makers from 184 countries meeting in Hyderabad, India until Friday in a bid to turn around the rate of biodiversity loss, will also examine ways to prevent the international waters becoming a deep-sea Wild West.

"International waters and seabeds are a vital part of the global ocean and planetary life support system, producing much of the oxygen and storing both CO2 and heat, (making) life on Earth habitable for us humans," Kristina Gjerde, of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, told AFP.

"They are also of vast importance for supporting a wide range of marine life, from tiny phytoplankton to blue whales, the largest creatures on our planet."

The threats are diverse.

With little supervision, trawlers are indiscriminately scooping up unsustainable numbers of fish, permanently harming species populations and damaging the ocean floor.

Alongside oil prospecting ships, they also cause chemical and sound pollution, disrupting species such as whales and dolphins that rely on sonar communication for socialising, hunting and mating.

In anticipation of global rules being adopted to better manage the exploitation of deep-sea resources, an issue discussed at length but without resolution at the Rio+20 environment summit in June, hopes are that the UN Convention on Biodiversity meeting in India will adopt some safeguards.

Officials, joined from Wednesday also by environmental ministers from more than 70 countries, were set to examine the findings of scientific reports that have identified more than 120 marine biodiversity "hot spots".

The reports were compiled by regional study groups examining all the world's oceans and measuring different indicators of species vulnerability.

"It is above all a scientific exercise aimed at cataloguing the zones to be protected," said Elisabeth Druel, marine law expert at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations.

Adoption of the scientific reports would mark "a small procedural step, but a big one politically", added Jean-Patrick Le Duc, a member of the French delegation negotiating in Hyderabad.

"It will send a strong signal" in favour of the creation of protected marine areas on the high seas, which now enjoy little protection.

The global objective, adopted at the last CBD conference in Japan two years ago, is to have 10 percent of marine and coastal areas under conservation by 2020 -- up from two percent today.

At Hyderabad, certain countries, notably those with big fishing fleets such as Japan, Norway, Iceland and Greece, are not keen to see constraints imposed, observers have noted.

Daniela Diz, responsible for marine policy at green group WWF, said endorsement of the scientific reports was a necessary first step to the UN General Assembly finally approving the creation of deep-see protected areas.

"The point is that if the reports are not endorsed they won't be included in the repository or sent to relevant organisations, which means that all that fantastic scientific information produced in the workshops would be lost."

.


Related Links
Water News - Science, Technology and Politics






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





WATER WORLD
Too much of a good thing can be bad for corals
Miami FL (SPX) Oct 15, 2012
A new study by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science shows that corals may be more severely impacted by climate warming when they contain too many symbiotic algae. The single-celled algae living inside corals are usually the key to coral success, providing the energy needed to build massive reef frameworks. However, when temperatures ... read more


WATER WORLD
Climate change helps drive N. America disasters: re-insurer

French broadcaster apologises to Japan over Fukushima gag

Planning can cut costs of disasters: World Bank

12 Chinese workers killed, 24 hurt in dormitory blaze

WATER WORLD
Physicists crack another piece of the glass puzzle

Worldwide smartphone users top 1 bn: report

New paper reveals fundamental chemistry of plasma/liquid interactions

Google opens window to 'where Internet lives'

WATER WORLD
S. Korea holds 23 Chinese for illegal fishing

Conference seeks to curb exploitation of high seas

Scientists Uncover Diversion of Gulf Stream Path in Late 2011

Documented decrease in frequency of Hawaii's northeast trade winds

WATER WORLD
Ice sheet retreat controlled by the landscape

1 by land and 1 by sea

NASA's Operation IceBridge Resumes Flights Over Antarctica

Antarctic Sea Ice Reaches New Maximum Extent

WATER WORLD
Green leaf volatiles increase plant fitness via biocontrol

Viral alliances overcoming plant defenses

Pollenizer Research Should Help Seedless Watermelon Farmers

Mystery of nematode pest-resistant soybeans cracked

WATER WORLD
Study advances understanding of volcanic eruptions

Pakistan floods kill 455, affect five million

Tropical cyclones are occurring more frequently than before

Hurricane Paul loses punch as it nears Mexico

WATER WORLD
Critical bishop expelled from Chad back in Italy

Four dead after day of violence in restive Nigerian city

Thousands march in Mali to urge intervention against Islamists

Nigerian farmers sue Shell in Dutch case with global reach

WATER WORLD
Nasty noises: Why do we recoil at unpleasant sounds

UN report warns of possible rise in child marriages

Chimps said attacking humans in Africa

New human neurons from adult cells right there in the brain




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement