Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. Earth Science News .




CLIMATE SCIENCE
EASAC report warns Europe on extreme weather event increase
by Staff Writers
Brussels, Belgium (SPX) Dec 05, 2013


Heat-waves: Europe needs to prepared for heat-waves and how to reduce the deaths experienced in previous years by further studies of the factors affecting health outcomes.

Europe needs to plan for future probabilities of extreme weather. Heat waves, floods and storms do not respect national frontiers, so there is a need for action at both national and EU levels. The IPCC has advised that the frequency of many types of extreme weather events will continue to grow globally in coming years. Now the national science academies of EU Member States bring into focus for the first time the scale of the challenge in Europe.

Highlighting a 60% rise over the last 30 years in the costs of damage from extreme weather events across Europe, EASAC warns of the grave economic and social consequences if European policy makers do not use the latest estimates of future droughts, floods and storms in their planning while adapting to global warming and the resulting climate disruption.

"Given the tragic events this year in the rest of the world and the recent IPCC report, EASAC feels obliged to draw attention to the growing impact of extreme weather in Europe," says EASAC President Sir Brian Heap.

"This EASAC report follows a highly detailed assessment by a group of Europe's leading experts on climate (headed up by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and the Norwegian Meteorological Institute) of historic and likely future changes in extreme weather over Europe.

From the major loss of lives in heat waves to the economic and human costs of floods and storms, the implications are worrying. They present the European Union and its Member States with significant challenges in preparing Europe for a future with greater frequency of extreme weather.

In planning to adapt to such a future, it is critical to use the latest scientific knowledge on how different types of extreme events are expected to develop. This depends not only on the type of event but also where in Europe is being considered since the EU's 28 countries and over 500 million population live in very different climate zones, from the Mediterranean sub-tropical to the Arctic."

The EASAC report identifies 5 areas requiring immediate EU-driven action:

Heat-waves. We need to prepare for heat-waves and how to reduce the deaths experienced in previous years by further studies of the factors affecting health outcomes.

Flood defence and early warning. Good practice in flood preparedness and zoning for flood defence across Europe should be established. In a number of coastal areas, the risk from storm surges will increase significantly as sea level continues to rise. Agriculture. Extremes of flood and drought have major effects on agriculture, and potential measures to increase resilience should be produced and applied through national or regional adaptation strategies.

Climate research. The EASAC report details what we know of current trends and the probabilities of future events. However, there continue to be many areas of uncertainty which European society needs to reduce to plan for its future. EU wide climate research thus needs to be encouraged and strengthened.

Adaptation Plans. Individual Member States will need to develop and share information on National Climate Change Adaption Plans, but joint EU action is also essential because these events do not respect national barriers.

"Looking at the science, global climate model outputs have proved of immense value in providing the basis for understanding climate and its future," continues Sir Brian, "However, there is an urgent need to improve regional climate models to reduce uncertainties and improve projections, for example extreme precipitations or hail storms and other local climatic phenomena such as tornadoes remain imperfectly understood.

"The EU has a critical role in strengthening European climate-research communities and building networks across borders and disciplines to provide the data required for informed future policy-making."

.


Related Links
Richard Hayhurst Associates
Climate Science News - Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





CLIMATE SCIENCE
New HQ but little cash for UN climate fund
Songdo, South Korea (AFP) Dec 04, 2013
The UN's new Green Climate Fund (GCF)opened its headquarters in South Korea on Wednesday, facing the key challenge of funding its mission to support low carbon projects around the world. The GCF was essentially created as a mechanism for transferring funds from developed to developing nations to help them counter the effects of climate change. But aside from start-up capital, its coffers ... read more


CLIMATE SCIENCE
Millions of lives at risk as governments fail to adopt disaster warning system

Late treatment for many Philippine typhoon victims: WHO

Human trafficking a worry in post-typhoon Philippines: US

China graft investigation into ex-head of quake city

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Cloud firm Box raises $100 mn

Laser Communication Mission Targets 2017 Launch

New Effect Couples Electricity and Magnetism in Materials

Satellite Cooling System Breakthrough Developed by Lockheed Martin Space Systems

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Scripps Leads First Global Snapshot of Key Coral Reef Fishes

Silent stalkers of dark ocean waters

Rising Ocean Acidification Leads to Anxiety in Fish

Sea-level rise to drive coastal flooding, regardless of changes in hurricane activity

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Antarctic fjords are climate-sensitive hotspots of diversity in a rapidly warming region

Rainfall to blame for decline in Arctic peregrines

Glaciers sizzle as they disappear into warmer water

Subarctic lakes are drying up at a rate not seen in 200 years

CLIMATE SCIENCE
How onions recognize when to bulb

Benefit of bees even bigger than thought: food study

Romania sees opportunity in China's new taste for meat

Flower Power - Researchers breed new varieties of chamomile

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Slippery clay intensified Japan 2011 tsunami-quake: scientists

Malaysia floods force more evacuations as 1 more dead

One dead, 19,000 evacuated in Malaysia floods

NASA's HS3 Hurricane Mission Called it a Wrap for 2013

CLIMATE SCIENCE
US praises French 'leadership' in C. Africa conflict

France tells Africa to take charge of security

France looks to recast Africa role at summit

Mali defence minister vows to support coup leader's trial

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Evidence of funerary meal found at 13,000-year-old gravesite in Israel

Skull find shows women were sacrificed in ancient China

Study suggests inbreeding shaped course of early human evolution

Investments in Aging Biology Research will Pay Longevity Dividend




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement