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DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Haiti's desperate tent dwellers pin hopes on election

Google "20-percent time" going to help Japan
San Francisco (AFP) March 17, 2011 - Legions of Google workers are devoting a fifth of their work time or more to building technology to help to deal with the disaster in Japan. Google has long allowed employees to spend 20 percent of their time on engineering projects that interest them but which don't fall into their usual area of focus. The havoc and death wrought on Japan by a powerful earthquake and ensuing tsunami has prompted many "Googlers" to devote their "20-percent time" to crafting Digital Age tools for handling the crisis. "A lot of 20-percent time is being spent on Japan," Google spokesman Jamie Yood told AFP on Thursday. "There is definitely a group of people in our Tokyo office spending a lot more than 20 percent of their time on this, and that is supported by Google," he said.

Google has established a multi-lingual Crisis Response Page with links to resources such as emergency hotlines, relief organizations, maps, and a service for finding loved ones. "Like the rest of the world, we've been transfixed by the images and news coming out of the northeastern part of Japan over the past six days," Google product manager Nobu Makida said in a blog post on Thursday. "Googlers in Japan and elsewhere around the world have been working around the clock to try and help improve the flow of information." The Japanese military Thursday used trucks and helicopters to dump tons of water onto the quake-hit Fukushima nuclear plant in efforts to douse fuel rods and prevent a disastrous radiation release. The operation aims to keep the fuel rods inside reactors and containment pools submerged under water, to stop them from degrading when they are exposed to air and emitting dangerous radioactive material.
by Staff Writers
Port-Au-Prince (AFP) March 17, 2011
Perhaps no one is as invested in the outcome of this weekend's presidential election in Haiti as the hundreds of thousands of homeless still sheltering in the capital's squalid tent cities.

Destitute Haitians who have subsisted for more than a year now in flimsy shelters of tarps and sticks see their best hope of a return to normalcy in the election of a leader who will make their desperate plight a priority.

"We need the elections because nothing will happen in this country until we have a new government," said Franc Miot, a Haitian who works as a contractor for international aid groups.

The miserable tents cities, said Miot, are the last place anyone would choose to seek refuge, and the desperate hundreds of thousand who continue to shelter there have no options.

"People remain in the tent camps because is that is where they receive help every day. They have food, water and power as never before," he told AFP.

Haiti is still recovering from the 7.0 magnitude quake in January 2010 that killed more than 220,000 people, left 1.3 million homeless, and the capital in ruins.

Return to normalcy has been hampered by another calamity, the outbreak of cholera that has killed more than 4,000 people since mid-October.

But the ramshackle tent cities stand as the most visible reminder of how little progress has been made in recovering from the devastating quake.

Crammed with humanity, affording little privacy and lacking in adequate sanitation, they can be seen outside the Haiti's main airport, in the hills, and around the destroyed presidential Palace.

Residents of the encampments that have taken over much Port-au-Prince fear that Sunday's presidential election may bring little relief to their dire situation.

The vote pits popular singer Michel Martelly against former first lady Mirlande Manigat in a bid to replace President Rene Preval. It is a final round of an election marred by violence and allegations of fraud.

Manigat, 70, was the top vote-getter in a first round in which only 20 percent of the 4.7 million eligible Haitians cast ballots.

But Martelly, 50, now leads Manigat in the polls and enjoys broader support with the country's slum dwellers and tent city denizens with his more populist appeal.

So far, despite the squalor and misery, the camps have been relatively peaceful.

But there is concern Friday's return of former leader Jean-Bertrand Aristide -- a shantytown priest who rose to power as a champion of the poor -- could stir up a country prone to election violence and political upheaval.

His return from exile in South Africa seemed certain to re-open old wounds and grudges dating back to his 2004 overthrow and forced exile from the country -- allegedly with tacit US support.

"We are all worried that the election can turn into another problem instead of a solution," Shanti Matiste, a Haitian woman who works for the local Red Cross, told AFP.

Aristide has said he has no political ambitions and plans to work in education, but critics note that he has many scores to settle, and raise the question of why he so urgently wants to return before Sunday's vote.

His Lavalas was barred from competing in the polls, and his numerous supporters, among them many camp dweller, feel disenfranchised and their anger could easily be channeled into violent protests.

Supporters, who long have pined for the deposed president's return, are planning a huge rally Friday at the international airport in Port-au-Prince to welcome him home.

But the impromptu welcoming committee is almost certain to include some of the thousands still waiting for shelter in the makeshift camps.

"It's going to be an event. He will arrive on a private plane," his spokeswoman Maryse Narcisse told AFP.

Flyers written in Haitian patois heralded the imminent return of "Titid," as he is affectionately referred to by his supporters.

"Tomorrow at 8:00 am, tell everyone that we're going to be at the airport to show our support for President Titid."




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Tokyo (AFP) March 18, 2011
Alarm over Japan's nuclear disaster grew with more foreign governments advising their citizens to flee Tokyo as army helicopters dumped water on an overheating plant at the centre of the crisis. Six days after a massive earthquake and tsunami plunged Japan into its worst crisis since World War II, the United States and Britain chartered flights for nationals trying to leave and China moved t ... read more

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