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Indonesian volcano erupts, spewing rock and lava
by Staff Writers
Jakarta (AFP) July 15, 2011

An Indonesian volcano has erupted, spewing rocks, lava and ash hundreds of metres into the air, an official said Friday, just days after its alert status was raised to the highest level.

There has been a significant rise in volcanic activity at Mount Lokon on Sulawesi island since June 9, prompting more than 2,500 people to flee.

"There was a big eruption around 10:31pm local time (1531 GMT Thursday), which saw ash, sand and rocks thrown 1,500 metres (4,800 feet) into the air," government volcanologist Kristianto told AFP.

Grass and shrubs in an area stretching 500 metres around the volcano were on fire but there was no immediate danger to people living nearby, he said.

The volcano's status was raised to its highest red alert level after it spewed ash 500 metres into the air over the weekend, leading to a 3.5-kilometre (two-mile) evacuation zone being established in case of a bigger eruption.

"There is no mass panic because the community has already been warned of the situation and we are continuing to evacuate people," added Kristianto, who like many Indonesians uses only one name.

Around 28,000 people live within the evacuation zone.

North Sulawesi disaster management head Hoykee Makarawung said more than 2,500 people have been evacuated so far.

"Thank God, the condition has eased off since last night. The fire around the area has also vanished by itself," Makarawung said.

"Earlier today the volcano also erupted but it was not as great as last night," he said.

The 1,580-metre Mount Lokon is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia. It erupted in 1991, killing a Swiss tourist.

The Indonesian archipelago has dozens of active volcanoes and straddles major tectonic fault lines known as the "Ring of Fire" between the Pacific and Indian oceans.

The country's most active volcano, Mount Merapi in central Java, has killed more than 350 people in a series of violent eruptions that started in late October.

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Australian volcano eruptions overdue
Melbourne, Australia (SPX) Jul 12, 2011
Using the latest dating techniques, scientists from the University of Melbourne's School of Earth Sciences and the Melbourne School of Engineering have calculated the ages of the small volcanoes in the regions and established the recurrence rate for eruptions as 2,000 years. With the last volcano eruption at Mt Gambier occurring over 5,000 years ago, scientists say the areas are overdue. ... read more

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