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WOOD PILE
Late US billionaire's record land gift lays Chile row to rest
By Paulina ABRAMOVICH
Santiago (AFP) March 18, 2017


Douglas Tompkins's widow vividly remembers the suspicions the late billionaire raised when he started buying up land in Patagonia, the natural paradise at the bottom of South America.

Some accused him of preparing a storage site for American nuclear waste, she says. Others said he was starting a cult, still others that he wanted to launch a Jewish state -- even though he was raised Episcopalian.

Now, just over one year after his death, she hopes her late husband's final wishes for the land will lay the controversy to rest for good.

Tompkins, the co-founder of The North Face outdoor label and clothing brand Esprit, has donated a tract of land the size of Rhode Island to the Chilean government as a national park -- the largest such donation in history.

This week, Chilean President Michelle Bachelet accepted the 407,000-hectare (one million-acre) donation in a ceremony held in a verdant Patagonian meadow and attended by Tompkins's widow, Kristine McDivitt, a former CEO of the outdoor clothing and gear company Patagonia..

The ceremony came a year and three months after Tompkins's death at age 72 in a kayaking accident in the Patagonia region he adored.

"Douglas Tompkins's generosity and love of nature" shine through in his gift, Bachelet said on accepting the land on behalf of the Chilean state.

"If there were still any suspicions, with this gigantic donation they have been definitively left in the past," said Chilean journalist Andres Azocar, who has written a biography of Tompkins called "The Green Billionaire."

- Powerful enemies -

Much has changed in the quarter-century since Tompkins moved to Chile and started buying up huge swathes of land here and in neighboring Argentina.

The American magnate stoked controversy with his outsized ambition and ability to use his massive fortune to gobble up privately owned land in the remote southern region.

His plans to turn the land into national parks made him some powerful enemies in a Chile just emerging from the bloody 17-year dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.

It was a time when the country was deeply suspicious of outsiders, especially from the United States, which had backed Pinochet's coup.

Tompkins's opponents included president Eduardo Frei, whose administration stalled him on his first initiative, the creation of Pumalin Park -- a private nature reserve of 3,000 square kilometers (1,200 square miles) in southern Chile.

And while the animosity faded over the years -- the parks Tompkins created are today broadly hailed as an environmental and tourism boon in both Chile and Argentina -- some still harbor lingering bitterness toward the late conservationist.

"He pressured landholders to sell their land at despicable prices," Belisario Velasco, the deputy interior minister under Frei, told AFP Friday.

"I don't see the benefit of this deal for the state."

- 'Skin of a hog' -

Tompkins launched North Face as a mountaineering store in San Francisco in 1966.

He and his first wife, Susie Tompkins Buell, soon began selling quirky fashions that, in 1971, became the Esprit brand -- today a hugely popular global chain.

Tompkins sold his stake in The North Face in the late 1960s and in Esprit in the 1980s.

The rugged, white-haired adventurer moved to Chile in 1990.

The controversy around him also extended to Argentina, where some accused him of buying up freshwater supplies for a future business venture.

"They're accusing me of all kinds of things," he told Argentine newspaper La Nacion in 2013.

"I've already developed psychological armor against it. Sometimes it's tragicomic. You have to have a good sense of humor and the skin of a hog: hard and leathery."

pa/jhb/mdl

ESPRIT HOLDINGS

WOOD PILE
Did humans create the Sahara desert?
Washington DC (SPX) Mar 15, 2017
New research investigating the transition of the Sahara from a lush, green landscape 10,000 years ago to the arid conditions found today, suggests that humans may have played an active role in its desertification. The desertification of the Sahara has long been a target for scientists trying to understand climate and ecological tipping points. A new paper published in Frontiers in Earth Sc ... read more

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