by Staff Writers
Nuuk, Greenland (UPI) Oct 4, 2012
The world's most northerly lake, entombed under a layer of ice 2,400 years ago, is thawing and showing a return of organic life, European researchers say.
The finding at Kaffeklubben So lake on the coastal plain of northern Greenland is the latest evidence that climate change in polar regions can result in rapid ecological changes, they said.
The 120-acre lake looks out over the Arctic Sea.
"It's kind of the end of the earth," Bianca Perren of the University of Franche-Comte in France said.
The lake is covered with 3 to 6 feet of ice year-round, but a "moat" of water forms around the edge of the lake in summer when average temperatures rise to 35 degrees Fahrenheit, NewScientist.com reported.
When the lake formed about 3,500 years ago a few species of silica-shelled algae called diatoms lived in the young lake, but their populations declined as regional temperatures cooled, and they vanished entirely 2,400 years ago.
The lake remained nearly barren until around 1960 when the first diatom species returned, and the latest water samples collected by Perren and her colleagues contain some 20 species.
While nitrates and industrial pollutants may have encouraged the tiny organisms to bloom in other lakes, there are no traces of nitrates in Kaffeklubben, indicating its recolonization by diatoms was driven purely by climate change, Perren said.
Beyond the Ice Age
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Australian tycoon fined for Arctic party cruise
Ottawa (AFP) Oct 2, 2012
Warming has opened up the Arctic to shipping and now also raucous tourists, say Canadian authorities who last month levied $10,000 in fines against an Australian tycoon for a booze-fueled party cruise. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police boarded a 34-meter, seven-stateroom luxury yacht moored in Cambridge Bay, Nunavut on September 7 and charged its owner, Paul McDonald, 51, with providing liqu ... read more
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