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Major New Zealand quake causes 'multiple' deaths

State of emergency declared in Christchurch
Wellington (AFP) Feb 22, 2011 - Christchurch's mayor declared a state of emergency Tuesday, saying it was a "black day" for the earthquake-hit New Zealand city. "Everybody needs to understand that this is going to be a very black day for this severely shaken city," mayor Bob Parker told Radio New Zealand. Parker said the damage caused by the 6.3 magnitude earthquake was "immense" and he was thrown to the ground in the council building when the tremor hit. "I looked out over the city once I got up and I could see clouds of dust from buildings collapsing. I could hear screams from the streets," he said. "I got down onto the street and there were scenes of great confusion, a lot of upset people, a lot of people crying." Parker said the emergency declaration meant the centre of the city would be cordoned off for the safety of the public and to help emergency crews go about their work.

Quake among New Zealand's worst
Wellington (AFP) Feb 22, 2011 - The 6.3 magnitude earthquake which rattled the New Zealand city of Christchurch on Tuesday was among the most serious to hit the earthquake-prone country since records began.

The quake struck at 12.51pm (2351 GMT) at a depth of four kilometres (2.5 miles) and was centred five kilometres northwest of Christchurch, according to the US Geological Survey. It was followed by several strong aftershocks measuring up to 5.6 in strength.

New Zealand sits on the so-called "Ring of Fire", the boundary of the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates, and experiences up to 15,000 tremors a year. It averages at least one a day of magnitude 4.0 or stronger.

Historic recorded earthquakes in the country are:

8.2 - January 23, 1855. Centred in the lower North Island and the most severe quake in New Zealand since European colonisation began in 1840. Thought to have killed seven to nine people.

7.8 - July 16, 2009, only 12 kilometres deep in the remote Fiordland region. No casualties reported.

7.8 - February 3, 1931. Centred in the Hawke's Bay. Claimed 256 lives in the most damaging of any recorded New Zealand quake.

7.8 - June 17, 1929. In the Buller region on the West Coast of the South island. Some 15 people killed.

7.8 - October 16, 1848. Marlborough region.

7.6 - March 5 1934. Pahiatua in the lower North Island.

7.2 - June 24, 1942. In Wairarapa, lower North Island.

7.1 - May 24, 1968. At Inangahua on West Coast of South Island. Killed three.

7.1 - September 1, 1888. North Canterbury.

7.0 - September 4, 2010. Christchurch. Widespread damage but no deaths.

6.3 - February 22, 2011. Christchurch. Multiple fatalities and extensive damage.

by Staff Writers
Wellington (AFP) Feb 22, 2011
Rescuers dug frantically for bodies and people trapped after a major 6.3 earthquake caused "multiple" deaths in New Zealand's second city of Christchurch Tuesday, crushing buildings and vehicles.

Thousands of panicked and tearful residents thronged the city's streets after the quake struck at lunchtime, just six months after a 7.0-magnitude tremor shattered buildings but did not claim any lives.

Police warned the latest earthquake had left people dead. One office building housing 200 workers had collapsed, while Christchurch Cathedral's spire tumbled.

Local station TV3 said dead bodies had been pulled from a hostel, and a tourist had been crushed to death in a van. All flights across the country were briefly suspended after Christchurch control tower was damaged.

Declaring a state of emergency, Christchurch mayor Bob Parker said: "Everybody needs to understand that this is going to be a very black day for this severely shaken city.

"I've had reports of buses that are trapped under fallen buildings, car park buildings that have taken significant damage, collapsed or partially collapsed. In some of the inner-city streets we have people trapped in buildings."

As several strong aftershocks pummelled the stricken city of 340,000, which has endured continuous tremors since September's disaster, bleeding and limping survivors emerged from damaged buildings.

Christchurch airport was closed and The Press building, a centre for newspapers, was badly damaged. Reports said trapped survivors were desperately phoning their families from the wreckage.

"The details that we have are extremely sketchy. But the worry and fear of course is that this earthquake has taken place at a time when (residents) were going about their business," said Prime Minister John Key.

"It is a very populated time with people at work, children at school," he warned. "Sadly I cannot rule out whether there have been fatalities."

The quake struck at 12:51 pm (2351 GMT Monday), five kilometres (three miles) from Christchurch at a depth of just four kilometres.

Emergency services said it was more damaging than September's quake, which struck before dawn with most people safely at home.

"The shake has been a lot worse, maybe not in intensity but as far as damage is concerned, and there are numerous people trapped," a fire service spokesman told Radio New Zealand.

Cars were buried under rubble and roads buckled as the tremor opened ruptures in the ground. Police feared multiple deaths, including in two buses that were crushed by falling debris.

"Multiple fatalities have been reported at several locations in the central city, including two buses crushed by falling buildings. A doctor and emergency services are attending," a police statement said.

"Other reports include multiple building collapses, fires in buildings in the central (city) and persons reported trapped in buildings."

On September 4, Christchurch suffered the most destructive quake to hit New Zealand in 80 years when a 7.0-magnitude tremor damaged 100,000 homes, leaving a clean-up bill estimated at NZ$4.0 billion dollars (US$3.0 billion).

The city remained under a state of emergency for weeks with police cordoning off the centre for fear of collapsing buildings, as thousands of aftershocks hit the region.

At the time, authorities gave a clean bill of health to Christchurch's 36,000-capacity AMI stadium, one of the venues for the rugby World Cup starting in September.

New Zealand sits on the "Pacific Ring of Fire", a vast zone of seismic and volcanic stretching from Chile on one side to Japan and Indonesia on the other.

earlier related report
Fear, shock in Christchurch after deadly quake
Wellington (AFP) Feb 22, 2011 - Thousands of shocked people wandered rubble-strewn Christchurch Tuesday, many searching for loved ones and trying to reach trapped people, after a major earthquake threw the city into chaos.

Screams rang out across the southern New Zealand city's main square as parts of Christchurch Cathedral toppled to the ground, while TV footage showed onlookers clinging to each other and others bleeding and limping.

As police reported fatalities, emergency workers rushed to free those trapped in several office buildings by the quake which buckled roads and rained debris on streets packed with lunchtime shoppers.

"They are going to come and get you down. Just keep away from the edge," one woman yelled to a distraught colleague trapped on the top level of what had been a four-storey building, but which folded like a concertina.

The distressed woman was rescued by fire workers on a crane soon afterwards, and hugged her colleagues after reaching the ground which was littered with shattered glass, office paperwork and broken computers and desks.

But as more aftershocks hit the city, workers said they feared another four colleagues were trapped under concrete on one of the building's lower floors, as horrified office workers, some with bloodied heads, looked on.

"We are just worried about other colleagues. Just hoping that they are OK," one woman told TV3.

The 6.3-magnitude quake comes almost six months after a 7.0 tremor devastated the island nation's second largest city, weakening buildings.

"The (September quake) is nothing compared to this," one shaken man told New Zealand television as he surveyed the damage.

Television images showed residents hugging each other as they stood in the streets, gazing at cars, buildings and roads destroyed by the quake which hit at 12:51 pm (2351 GMT Monday).

"It's just a disaster," another person told TV3. "There must be deaths this time."

"It really and truly was horrendous," said one man, who was inside a central city restaurant when the quake hit.

Reports said the city had run out of ambulances to rescue the injured, and television footage showed a private 4X4 car being used to ferry away several injured workers.

"It's just huge. It's huge," said one witness, as he surveyed the wreckage of Christchurch's iconic cathedral.

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