Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
. Earth Science News .

Subscribe to our free daily newsletters

Most U.S. adults have vocabulary of more than 42,000 words
by Brooks Hays
Ghent, Belgium (UPI) Aug 16, 2016

Study: Tall people more likely to be politically conservative
Columbus, Ohio (UPI) Aug 16, 2016 - On the political scale, the tall tip to the right. According to new research, the taller a person is, the more likely the person is to support conservative political positions.

Researchers in the United States and Britain analyzed data from the 2006 British Household Panel Survey, which asked 9,700 adult participants questions about their height, income and political persuasion.

For every inch taller a survey respondent was, the chances of the respondent supporting the Conservative Party increased by 0.6 percent. Taller people were also more likely to vote for Conservative Party candidates and support conservative political positions.

For some, the results weren't all that surprising. Previous studies have shown taller people earn higher salaries, and a number of studies have found correlations between income and voting patterns.

But some scientists have suggested links between income and politics are overstated, and several studies have produced contradictory evidence.

"We were thinking about why there were so many seemingly contradictory findings," Sara Watson, an assistant professor of political science at The Ohio State University, said in a news release.

"One reason might be that income fluctuates from year to year, so that a relationship between your overall economic well-being and your political beliefs can be hard to uncover," Watson continued. "That's why we decided to see if height might be a good way to assess the link between income and voting."

Watson is the co-author of a study on the latest survey analysis, published this week in the British Journal of Political Science.

Unlike income, height doesn't normally fluctuate from year to year. The fact that they survey tracked households over a period of several years also helped stabilized data set.

Because the research connecting height and income is solid, the findings confirm previous links between income and political leanings.

"Height is useful in this context because it predicts income well," Watson explained. "Because we only expect height to affect political behavior through income, we can use it to investigate the effect of income on voting."

Traditionally, scientists have struggled to measure the size of adult vocabularies, but the surprising social media popularity of a recent vocabulary test has changed that.

After analyzing the results of one million test-takers, researchers determined native English-speaking Americans know an average of at least 42,000 words by the time they turn 20 years old.

"Our research got a huge push when a television station in the Netherlands asked us to organize a nation-wide study on vocabulary knowledge," Marc Brysbaert, a professor of experimental psychology at Ghent University in Belgium, explained in a news release. "The test we developed was featured on TV and, in the first weekend, over 300 thousand Dutch speakers had done it -- it really went viral."

The Americanized test features 62,000 words -- words study leader Brysbaert and his research partners compiled without the help of a copyrighted dictionary. The test can be used freely by other researchers, Brysbaert says.

The test doesn't ask participants to define words, but to simply identify whether or not a sequence of letters is a word in the dictionary or not. Each test presents participants with 70 real words and 30 fake ones -- letter sequences that resemble real words but are not.

Test-takers are asked to provide some basic demographics information. The data suggests adults learn one new word every two days. By the time an American adult turns 60, he or she will know at least 48,000 words.

Researchers say the growing body of data is bound to offer unique insights into the use of words across different languages.

"This work is part of the big data movement in research, where big data sets are collected to be mined," Brysbaert said.

"It also gives us a snapshot of English word knowledge at the beginning of the 21st century," he continued. "I can imagine future language researchers will be interested in this database to see how English has evolved over 100 years, 1,000 years and maybe even longer."

The new research was published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly

paypal only


Related Links
All About Human Beings and How We Got To Be Here

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Previous Report
Scientists decode sentence signatures among brain activity patterns
Rochester, N.Y. (UPI) Aug 15, 2016
Neuroscientists are the University of Rochester are taking sentence diagramming to the next level. For the first time, scientists decoded sentences by analyzing human brain activity, allowing researchers to identify word signatures among brain activity patterns and predict their appearance in different sentences. Neuroscientists have done a number of studies focusing on the repre ... read more

Syrian refugees invent app for Germany's bureaucracy maze

Shattered glass, broken promises a year after Tianjin blasts

Use of pulsed electric fields may reduce scar formation after burns, other injuries

Lost in translation: Chinese tourist taken for refugee in Germany

Scientists invent new type of 'acoustic prism'

New algorithm for optimized stability of planar-rod objects

De-icing agent remains stable at more than a million atmospheres of pressure

Living Structural Materials Could Open New Horizons for Engineers and Architects

Global warming's next surprise: Saltier beaches

Drought ravages Lesotho as water is exported to S.Africa

Hardened shorelines reduce species diversity and abundance

With droughts and downpours, climate change feeds Chesapeake Bay algal blooms

Syracuse University researchers confirm marine animals live longer at high latitudes

Arctic methane seeps host abundance of specialized life forms

NASA Maps Thawed Areas Under Greenland Ice Sheet

Antarctic sea ice may be a source of mercury in southern ocean fish and birds

Sequencing of fungal disease genomes may help prevent banana arma

Not all is green in Mexico City's Aztec garden district

Saving bees: France's thriving city hives offer token help

California grapes threatened by giant fire

'Unprecedented' floods kill at least 3 in southern US

Sudan floods kill 100, destroy villages: officials

More big Atlantic storms forecast for this hurricane season

Seawalls, coastal forests in Japan help reduce tsunami damage

Wanted Rwandan warlord's security chief held in DR Congo

Unprecedented Ethiopia protests far from over: analysts

South Sudan accepts deployment of regional force: IGAD

US, Senegal troops wind up first-ever emergency exercise

How did primate brains get so big

Total number of neurons - not enlarged prefrontal region - hallmark of human brain

Archaeologists find Britain's last hunter-gatherers on small island

Scientists decode sentence signatures among brain activity patterns

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement