Myanmar's generals shun US aid, see risk to political power
Washington (AFP) May 6, 2008
Tsunami-hit Indonesia and earthquake-jolted Pakistan once risked a backlash from their predominantly Muslim populations and allowed in US military forces to help in relief operations. But cyclone-ravaged Myanmar's ruling military junta is suspicious of any US aid.
As the cyclone's official death toll soared to 22,000, two US Navy ships are standing by off Thailand awaiting the green light from the junta -- which may never come -- to enter the reclusive nation for evacuation and other critical relief activities.
The southeast Asian state's generals, worried any high profile international relief operations could threaten its iron clad rule, are reluctant to allow in the US military despite a hugely desperate need for help.
"The generals have a choice to make between helping the Burmese people -- who are in dire need of help -- or, out of fear of losing their total grip on power and spoils, effectively turning away international assistance," said Walter Lohman, a southeast Asia expert at the Washington-based Heritage Foundation.
"There could not be a more stark choice than that," he said. "It illustrates the real human cost of the isolation the regime has brought about."
As Myanmar's military rulers laid out stringent conditions for foreign relief groups to get into the battered country, President George W. Bush told them Tuesday: "Let the United States come to help you, help the people."
Washington, which has imposed heavy sanctions on the regime, has emphasized that this should not hinder humanitarian aid -- citing the US response to a December 2003 earthquake that devastated Iran's southeast city of Bam.
Even as US response teams remained barred, the White House announced it would send three million dollars into Myanmar through response teams currently working out of Bangkok.
Myanmar's unbending response to the US offer to help was in stark contrast to that of Indonesia, where a tsunami in 2004 left 168,000 people dead and 600,000 people homeless, and of Pakistan, which was devastated by a powerful earthquake killing 74,000 people and displacing 3.5 million a year later.
The US military was welcomed despite the battered American image in the two countries following the 2003 Iraq invasion.
Shaken by the tragedy just two months after taking power, Indonesia's first fully elected president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono gave the thumbs up to the United States to send its military relief juggernaut to the archipelago.
Before the disaster it would have been unthinkable for a US aircraft carrier to dock in Indonesia's waters, or US Marines to rub shoulders with troops from the world's most populous Muslim nation.
Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf also allowed American relief workers on the ground within 48 hours after the earthquake struck northwestern Pakistan and Kashmir.
The giant US military twin-rotor Chinook helicopters that plucked survivors to safety were welcomed as "angels of mercy" in Pakistan, where some militants had previously termed America the "Great Satan."
The irony is that unlike in Myanmar, where people are mostly pro-US, those in Indonesia and Pakistan were largely anti-American prior to the natural disasters that occurred, and the massive US aid partly restored Washington's image.
"In Burma (Myanmar), the vast majority of people are already pro-West and they would welcome US presence with open arms and that's why the military regime is suspicious about US military involvement in relief efforts," said Mohan Malik, an expert at the Hawaii-based Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies.
"Burmese, by and large if you conduct any opinion poll, are very, very pro-America, pro-West and, in fact, want the United States to intervene in Burma militarily," he said.
"That's why the Burmese regime will never allow the United States to come in -- they know the people are fed up with the regime."
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Washington (AFP) May 7, 2008
US Secretary of State Condolezza Rice on Wednesday urged cyclone-hit Myanmar to admit international disaster relief, saying it was a humanitarian crisis rather than a political issue.
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