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Nigeria religious war boosts poll tensions

Sudan recognises landslide vote for indepedent south
Khartoum (AFP) Jan 31, 2011 - Sudanese Vice President Ali Osman Taha said on Monday that Khartoum accepted the landslide vote for southern independence, in the first official reaction from the north after preliminary results were announced. "We announce that we accept the outcome of the referendum and we agree on the results," Taha told a news conference in the Sudanese capital, emphasising the intention of government "to pursue a policy of good neighbourly relations with the south." Nearly 99 percent of southern Sudanese chose to split from the north in the landmark January 9-15 referendum, according to full preliminary results announced on Sunday at a ceremony attended by president Salva Kiir in Juba.

Taha also pledged on Monday to push the joint committees to resolve all outstanding issues being negotiated by Khartoum and Juba before the south secedes in July, particularly the disputed border region of Abyei. More than 37 people died in clashes in Abyei earlier this month, amid a deadlock over a planned simultaneous plebiscite on whether the region stays with the north or joins the south. At the African Union summit in Addis Ababa on Monday, Kiir reiterated his Sudan People's Liberation Movement's stand that the contested region of Abyei should hold a referendum to determine its future or be handed to the south by a presidential decree.

Separately, Sudan's joint defence council agreed in Juba to deploy special integrated troops in the flashpoint region to guarantee security, facilitate the free movement of nomadic herders, and protect those people voluntarily returning to the south, the semi-official Sudanese Media Centre reported. The referendum was a key plank of the 2005 peace agreement that ended a devastating 22-year war between the black Christian-dominated south and the mainly Arab Muslim and Muslim north, in which about two million people died. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who spearheaded the north's efforts to quash the southern rebels during much of the civil war, has already recognised the prospect of partition.
by Staff Writers
Kano, Nigeria (UPI) Jan 31, 2011
Dozens of people have been reported killed in renewed fighting between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria's troubled north, heightening fears the bloodshed will worsen as Africa's most populous nation braces for divisive elections in April.

At least 35 people have been slain in the flash-point city of Jos over the last few days, police reported. Military forces in the region were ordered to shoot to-kill suspected troublemakers.

The sectarian violence in the key African oil producer followed the death Friday of a leading candidate for the governorship of Borno state in a suspected assassination ahead of the polling.

Modu Fannami Gubio, running on the ticket of the All Nigerian People's Party which rules in Borno, was killed by four gunmen on motorcycles outside his father's home in Maiduguri, the Borno state capital. Gubio's younger brother and five bodyguards and political aides were also killed.

Borno Police Chief Mohammed Jinjiri Abubakar called it "a political assassination."

The killing bore all the hallmarks of Boko Haram, a Muslim extremist group that launched an uprising in July 2009 and has been blamed for much of the region's sectarian bloodletting.

Boko Haram, which means "Western education is sacrilege" in the local Hausa language, has frequently attacked security personnel with gunmen on motorcycles.

Several thousand people have died over the last couple of years, with 500 being killed in religious and ethnic violence in the Jos area already this year.

Gubio's killing was the highest-profile slaying in the run-up to the elections, which include the presidential, parliamentary and state races. But political tensions are rising by the day.

Boko Haram claimed responsibility for a string of Christmas Eve bombings that killed at least 85 people around Jos, although security authorities suspect political rivalries may have been the cause. Several churches were hit.

Nigerian politics often erupt into violence, with political barons marshalling their own militias to intimidate opposing factions.

The country was torn by a civil war in Biafra in 1967-70. Those divisions persist even after Nigeria ended two decades of military dictatorship in 1999.

The population of 150 million is roughly split evenly between Christians in the oil-rich south and Muslims in the north.

Violence has been endemic since Nigeria gained independence from Britain in 1960 and tens of thousands of Christians and Muslims have been killed.

The country has undergone a new wave of political turmoil since mid-2010 when President, Umaru Yar'Adua, a northerner elected in 2007 in Nigeria's first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power, became ill and died.

That created a power vacuum since he had not designated a successor. Eventually his vice president, Goodluck Jonathan, a southerner, took over and is running for election as the ruling People's Democratic Party's candidate.

Under a political agreement between the country political power brokers, north and south alternate in the presidency every eight years, or for two terms.

Yar'Adua hadn't finished his term when he died of heart problems last May and the northerners claimed they should have held onto the presidency under the term of that deal.

The supreme court's ruling that Jonathan succeed Yar'Adua has given a sharper edge to the traditional north-south rivalry -- and the prospect of violence, another security challenge to Jonathan's harassed administration which has been unable to halt the killings.

Tensions have been fueled by technical problems with registration of the estimated 70 million voters, and exacerbating religious tensions in some areas in the northern and central regions.

In the southern oil zones of the Niger Delta, Jonathan faces the threat of a renewed tribal-led insurgency in which the rebels' main target is the oil industry, the largest in Africa, which provides 90 percent of state revenues.

Before a cease-fire in mid-2009, insurgent attacks had slashed oil production 40 percent to 2 million barrels a day.

The cease-fire, engineered by Yar'Adua, has been unraveling in recent months with sporadic attacks by the insurgents.

Jonathan has managed to keep the lid on much of the time, due in part to his southern identity. But in the past, political bosses have recruited the insurgents during election campaigns to do their strong-arm work.

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North Africa faces 'demographic tsunami': Bildt
Davos, Switzerland (AFP) Jan 29, 2011
The countries of North Africa face a "demographic tsunami" of restless young people that must be met by democratic reform, Sweden's Foreign Minister Carl Bildt warned Saturday. Amid ongoing popular revolts in Tunisia and Egypt, Bildt said all the countries in the region would have to find ways to satisfy the demands of growing and increasingly frustrated young populations. "There's a de ... read more

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