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DISASTER MANAGEMENT
No clues in MH370 cockpit transcript as search wears on
by Staff Writers
Kuala Lumpur (AFP) April 01, 2014


Malaysia says may sue over 'false' MH370 media reports
Kuala Lumpur (AFP) April 01, 2014 - Malaysia's authoritarian government, which has been under harsh global scrutiny over the handling of its missing-plane drama, said Tuesday it would compile "false" media reports over the crisis and consider filing lawsuits.

Transport and Defence Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said on his Twitter feed the country's attorney general had been instructed to "compile evidence and advise" on possible legal action.

Earlier in the day Hishammuddin was quoted by the Malay Mail newspaper as saying: "We have been compiling all the false reports since day one. When the time is right, the government should sue them."

The MH370 saga and resulting world attention has put Malaysia's long-ruling government -- which muzzles its own pliant mainstream press -- in the unaccustomed position of having to answer tough questions from reporters.

Hishammuddin, who has run the government's near-daily briefings on the situation, has repeatedly denied various anonymously-sourced reports revealing details of Malaysia's investigation into the March 8 disappearance of MH370 with 239 people aboard.

He took particular aim on Monday against British tabloid the Daily Mail, which at the weekend quoted a "source close to the family" of pilot Zaharie Ahmad Shah as saying police had learned he was emotionally unstable before the flight amid alleged marital trouble.

"I can confirm to you that the information did not come from the police and you should ask Daily Mail how they get the information," Hishammuddin said tersely when asked about the report.

In a Facebook comment reported by local media, Zaharie's daughter Aishah Zaharie accused the Daily Mail of "making up" the report.

The Daily Mail also reported earlier that Zaharie was said to be a fanatical supporter of Malaysia's political opposition. Friends and acquaintances have denied that.

Only 43% of Malaysians content with MH370 handling: poll
Kuala Lumpur (AFP) April 01, 2014 - Just 43 percent of Malaysians are satisfied with their government's handling of the missing-plane mystery while 50 percent are dissatisfied, according to a survey released Tuesday.

The Merdeka Centre for Opinion Research, Malaysia's leading polling firm, said the survey of more than 1,000 people was conducted from March 13 to 20.

Since that time, however, there has been rising anger among Malaysians against Chinese and other criticism over the fate of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370.

The plane veered off course on March 8 en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing with 239 people aboard, including 50 Malaysian citizens. It is believed to have crashed in the remote Indian Ocean, but nothing is known as to what caused it to deviate from its flight path.

Two-thirds of the passengers were from China, and Chinese relatives have expressed disbelief that the plane could simply vanish, with many angrily accusing Malaysia of hiding information.

In the Merdeka survey, the government's handling of MH370 received far more support from members of the Muslim ethnic-Malay majority than from the multi-racial country's large minority communities.

Malaysia's Malay-dominated regime has for decades imposed policies favouring Malays, and regularly plays on Malay fears of economic domination by the country's prosperous Chinese community.

The survey said 63 percent of Malays were satisfied with the government's handling of the plane crisis, while 30 percent were dissatisfied.

By contrast, just 18 percent of ethnic Chinese were satisfied, with 74 percent unhappy. Thirty-six percent of ethnic Indians were satisfied, while 59 percent were not.

Malaysia revealed the full radio communications with the pilots of its missing flight Tuesday, but the routine exchanges shed no light on the mystery as an Indian Ocean search for wreckage bore on with no end in sight.

The previously unreleased conversations between MH370's pilots and air traffic controllers had been the subject of much speculation as suspicions have focused on whether one or both of its pilots deliberately diverted the plane on March 8 with 239 people aboard.

But they revealed nothing about what happened aboard the ill-fated jet.

"There is no indication of anything abnormal in the transcript," a Malaysian government statement said of the 43 separate transmissions over nearly 54 minutes, which were thick with air-traffic and navigational jargon.

Hours earlier, Australia counselled against expectations of quick success in the difficult task of recovering the Malaysia Airlines plane's "black box" for clues into what might have happened to the jet.

Despite an extensive multinational search in remote Indian Ocean waters southwest of Perth where Malaysia believes the plane went down, nothing has been found that would indicate a crash site.

Retired Australian air chief marshal Angus Houston, who is heading a new coordination centre in Perth, called it the most challenging search and rescue operation he had ever seen.

"I say that because the starting point whenever you do a search and rescue is the last known position of the vehicle or aircraft. In this particular case, the last known position was a long, long way from where the aircraft appears to have gone," he said.

He added the search -- 10 planes and nine ships from several countries took part Tuesday -- "could drag on for a long time."

- Black box -

Malaysia believes the flight, en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, was deliberately diverted by someone on board and flown for hours before crashing.

Pilot Zaharie Ahmad Shah, 53, and co-pilot Fariq Abdul Hamid, 27, have come under intense scrutiny, especially amid conflicting reports about the final words in the cockpit and whether they indicated trouble or an intent to commandeer MH370.

But the transcript gave no hint of either as Malaysian air traffic controllers bid the plane "good night", and instructed the pilots to contact controllers in Vietnam, over which the plane was due to fly.

In the final entry from just after 1:19 am one of the MH370 pilots responded with an innocuous:"Good night, Malaysian Three Seven Zero".

Malaysia Airlines had said previously the last words were believed uttered by First Officer Fariq, but the statement said the ongoing investigation was yet to confirm that.

Shortly after the final message, communications were cut and the Boeing 777 vanished from civilian radar.

Tuesday's developments meant another day of frustration for anguished families desperate for firm information on what happened to their loved ones.

The battery-powered signal from the plane's black box -- which records flight data and cockpit voice communications that could indicate what happened to the plane -- usually lasts only about 30 days.

Australian vessel Ocean Shield, fitted with a US-supplied black box detector, left Perth on Monday for the search zone but is three day's sail away.

Australian Defence Minister David Johnston admitted there was only a slim chance the black box would be found since the crash location remains unknown.

- 'About one week left' -

"We've got about a week (left), but it depends on the temperature of the water and water depth and pressure as to how long the battery power will last," he told Australian radio.

Authorities are scouring a massive expanse of ocean for debris. If found, they plan to analyse recent weather patterns and ocean currents to track back to where the plane went down.

Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak is expected in Perth on Wednesday to tour the air base being used as a staging post.

Malaysia's handling of the crisis, marked by piecemeal and occasionally contradictory information, has been widely questioned, especially by disconsolate relatives of the 153 Chinese nationals aboard.

Many of them have alleged incompetence or even a cover-up by Malaysia, straining ties between the two countries, but the rhetoric has eased off in recent days.

A survey released Tuesday by Merdeka Center, Malaysia's leading polling firm, said less than half of Malaysians -- 43 percent -- were satisfied with the government's handling of the crisis, while 50 percent were dissatisfied.

The question was posed between March 13-20, before many fed-up Malaysians began to hit back against the foreign criticism, particularly from China.

International Air Travel Association (IATA) head Tony Tyler said, in the wake of MH370, the industry should implement improvements in how aircraft are tracked in flight.

"We cannot let another aircraft simply vanish," he said in a statement at an aviation conference in Kuala Lumpur.

Flight MH370: cockpit transcript in full
Kuala Lumpur (AFP) April 01, 2014 - Malaysia on Tuesday released the full transcript of communications between the pilots of missing Flight MH370 and air traffic controllers, from preparations for takeoff to the last exchange of words in-flight on March 8.

"MAS 370" refers to transmissions from the cockpit of the Beijing-bound Malaysia Airlines plane, while "ATC" is Malaysian air traffic control. The transcript does not identify which of the two pilots was variously speaking.

12:25:53 (MAS 370) Delivery MAS 370, good morning

12:26:02 (ATC) MAS 370 standby and Malaysia Six is cleared to Frankfurt via AGOSA Alpha Departure six thousand feet squawk two one zero six [squawk refers to a transponder code assigned to a departing flight by air traffic controllers]

12:26:19 (ATC) ... MAS 370 request level

12:26:21 (MAS 370) MAS 370 we are ready requesting flight level three five zero to Beijing

12:26:39 (ATC) MAS 370 is cleared to Beijing via PIBOS A departure six thousand feet squawk two one five seven

12:26:45 (MAS 370) Beijing PIBOS A six thousand squawk two one five seven, MAS 370 thank you

12:26:53 (ATC) MAS 370, welcome over to Ground

12:26:55 (MAS 370) Good day

12:27:27 (MAS 370) Ground MAS 370 good morning, charlie one requesting push and start

12:27:34 (ATC) MAS 370 Lumpur Ground, morning, push back and start approved Runway 32 right exit via Sierra 4

12:27:40 (MAS 370) Push back and start approved 32 right exit via Sierra 4 POB 239 Mike Romeo Oscar

12:27:45 (ATC) Copied

12:32:13 (MAS 370) MAS 377 request taxi.

12:32:26 (ATC) MAS 37..... (garbled) ... standard route. Hold short Bravo

12:32:30 (MAS 370) Ground, MAS 370. You are unreadable. Say again.

12:32:38 (ATC) MAS 370 taxi to holding point Alfa 11 Runway 32 right via standard route. Hold short of Bravo.

12:32:42 (MAS 370) Alfa 11 standard route, hold short Bravo MAS 370.

12:35:53 (ATC) MAS 370 Tower

12:36:19 (ATC) (garbled) ... Tower ... (garbled)

(MAS 370) 1188 MAS 370, thank you

12:36:30 (MAS 370) Tower MAS 370, morning

12:36:38 (ATC) MAS 370, good morning. Lumpur Tower. Holding point... (garbled)... 10 32 Right

12:36:50 (MAS 370) Alfa 10 MAS 370

12:38:43 (ATC) 370 line up 32 Right Alfa 10.

(MAS 370) Line up 32 Right Alfa 10 MAS370.

12:40:38 (ATC) 370 32 Right, cleared for take-off. Good night.

(MAS 370) 32 Right, cleared for take-off MAS 370. Thank you, bye.

[The plane takes off at 12:41 am, and by 12:46 am passes from ground ATC to outbound radar control]

12:42:05 (MAS 370) Departure Malaysian Three Seven Zero

12:42:10 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero selamat pagi (good morning) identified. Climb flight level one eight zero cancel SID turn right direct to IGARI

12:42:48 (MAS 370) Okay level one eight zero direct IGARI Malaysian one err Three Seven Zero

12:42:52 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero contact Lumpur Radar One three two six, good night

(MAS 370) Night one three two six, Malaysian Three Seven Zero

12:46:51 (MAS 370) Lumpur Control, Malaysian Three Seven Zero

12:46:51 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero, Lumpur Radar, good morning. Climb flight level two five zero

12:46:54 (MAS 370) Morning, level two five zero, Malaysian Three Seven Zero

12:50:06 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero, climb flight level three five zero

12:50:09 (MAS 370) Flight level three five zero, Malaysian Three Seven Zero

01:01:14 (MAS 370) Malaysian Three Seven Zero, maintaining level three five zero

01:01:19 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero

[The last transmission by the plane's Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) -- which relays key information on the plane's mechanical condition every 30 minutes -- takes place at 1:07 am]

01:07:55 (MAS 370) Malaysian... Three Seven Zero maintaining level three five zero

01:08:00 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero

01:19:24 (ATC) Malaysian Three Seven Zero contact Ho Chi Minh 120 decimal 9, good night

01:19:29 (MAS 370) Good night, Malaysian Three Seven Zero

[The last transmission from the plane's communication transponder is at 1:21 am, and it vanishes from ATC radar at 1:30 am]

.


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