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POLITICAL ECONOMY
Obama signs defense, budget bills into law
by Staff Writers
Kailua, United States (AFP) Dec 26, 2013


China says 2013 GDP likely grew 7.6%: Xinhua
Beijing (AFP) Dec 26, 2013 - China's economy probably grew 7.6 percent in 2013, according to a government report cited by state media, slightly above its official target for the year and just below last year's performance.

The figure was contained in a report by the State Council, the country's Cabinet, delivered to a session of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's rubber stamp legislature, the official Xinhua news agency said.

China's gross domestic product (GDP) registered its worst growth rate for 13 years in 2012, expanding at an annual rate of 7.7 percent.

In March, China announced an official economic growth target of 7.5 percent for 2013, the same as last year's goal.

The government usually announces a conservative number that it regularly surpasses.

President Barack Obama Thursday signed into law the compromise US budget bill recently negotiated by feuding lawmakers and a massive defense bill that takes a step toward ultimate closure of Guantanamo.

After signing the legislation while vacationing in Hawaii with his family, Obama praised the National Defense Authorization Act for allowing accelerated repatriation of detainees from the US naval facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

"I am encouraged that this act provides the executive greater flexibility to transfer Guantanamo detainees abroad, and look forward to working with the Congress to take the additional steps needed to close the facility," Obama said in a statement.

The new law still forbids transfer of Guantanamo detainees to the United States, a restriction Obama opposes.

He said "the continued operation of the facility weakens our national security by draining resources, damaging our relationships with key allies and partners and emboldening violent extremists."

The bill assures $552.1 billion in military spending, as well as $80.7 billion for overseas contingency operations, namely the war in Afghanistan.

It allows for a one-percent raise for military personnel and requires reforms in the way the Pentagon handles some sexual assaults in the military.

The broader budget agreement also signed by the president lays out top-line spending limits for 2014 and 2015, and erases $63 billion in arbitrary spending cuts that were to take effect January 1.

Critically, it reduces the threat of a government shutdown after January 15, the date by which Democrats and Republicans from both chambers will have to craft a series of spending bills under the new limit.

Failure to do so would risk another shutdown like the one that paralyzed Washington for 16 days in October, but this month's modest deal makes it far easier for lawmakers to negotiate appropriations.

The bill increases the $967 billion cap for 2013 spending to $1.012 trillion next year and $1.014 trillion in 2015, and reduces the deficit by about $23 billion over 10 years.

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