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SHAKE AND BLOW
Rescuers race against landslides to reach Japan quake victims
By Harumi OZAWA
Mashiki, Japan (AFP) April 17, 2016


Japan twin quakes turned hills into deadly cascades of mud
Mashiki, Japan (AFP) April 17, 2016 - When powerful -- and shallow -- twin earthquakes struck southern Japan barely 24 hours apart, the verdant hills that gracefully dominate the landscape turned into deadly cascades of mud.

Thousands of tonnes of soil and rock crashed through villages and across highways, severing transport links and crushing houses as people slept.

At least 41 people died in the double disaster, many killed by falling debris as Saturday's 7.0 magnitude quake finished off what a smaller tremor had started late Thursday.

Others suffocated when torrents of earth buried their homes.

From the air, the scale of the devastation becomes apparent; huge hillsides just gave way and great fissures opened up in the ground, swallowing roads, car parks and buildings.

Even where the mud did not reach, the fury of the quake wreaked ruin on the picturesque towns and villages of Kumamoto prefecture on Kyushu island, an area known for its natural beauty and dominated by Mount Aso, Japan's largest active volcano.

Two historic tourist spots suffered -- the 250-year-old main gate of Aso Shrine collapsed, as did a stone wall at Kumamoto castle, a stronghold that survived rebellions and attacks by warring samurai in centuries past.

Traditional-style Japanese houses were the worst hit -- their delicately-curved slate roofs smashed and their wooden frames splintered.

In Mashiki, homes that had been in families for generations were simply ripped apart by the violence the quake unleashed; their upper floors crashing down when cedar-wood support columns snapped.

For the residents who escaped, the damage to their property was low down their list of worries.

"I am so glad that we are alive now. That is all," Kenji Shiroshita, 48, told AFP after standing in line for rice and water at the town hall.

Shiroshita said Thursday's initial 6.2 magnitude quake had been frightening in an area unused to the powerful tremors that rattle other parts of Japan.

But the rapid restoration of the power supply had lulled him into a false sense of security.

"I never expected the second one because the electricity was back on and there were cars on the roads. I was totally off guard," he said.

Saturday's quake -- which felled modern buildings constructed to Japan's high seismic safety standards -- was what really scared Naomi Ueda.

She had slept in her car in front of her shattered house after Thursday's jolt, but now does not dare go anywhere near it.

"After the second quake hit, a big condominium by my house cracked, and it now looks like it could fall over at any time," she said.

"I cannot even park my car near my house any more."

For Kazuki Fujimoto, the continuing aftershocks -- there had been more than 400 by Sunday afternoon -- were a constant worry.

"The radio and television keep saying it could happen again," he said.

"My house is barely standing now, but if another one comes it may completely collapse. So I just cannot go home."

The US military was set to join Japanese rescuers Sunday racing against the threat of more landslides to reach people still trapped by two big earthquakes.

At least 41 people are known to have died in the double disaster, with up to eight still missing -- feared buried in shattered houses or under torrents of mud.

Rain hit the area around Kumamoto overnight, where officials have warned quake-loosened hillsides could be at risk of collapse as aftershocks continued to roil the ground.

The weather brought further misery to those who survived Thursday's initial quake and the bigger, more powerful tremor that hit early Saturday.

Tens of thousands of people spent the night in temporary accommodation, or huddled in makeshift shelters.

In the badly-affected town of Mashiki, few of the traditional style wooden houses remained intact, and their occupants described the hardships of surviving amid the destruction.

"I sleep in a car and stay in this tent during the day," Seiya Takamori, 52, told AFP, gesturing to a shelter made from a blue plastic sheet.

"In this area, we all knew there was an active fault running underneath the town of Mashiki, but no one really cared about it.

"We always said to each other that a big quake would hit at some point, but didn't really take it seriously."

Neighbour Masanori Masuda, 59, said many houses were in reasonable shape after the first tremor, but had suffered badly when the second quake struck, leaving occupants without basic necessities.

"I need batteries to charge my mobile phone. Also, I need a toilet. I am afraid of going into the battered house, but I cannot help it. I take a bucket of water with me and have to use the toilet in the house," he said.

The two quakes triggered enormous landslides that swept away homes, roads and railway lines, and caused even modern buildings to crumble.

More than 90,000 people have been evacuated, including 300 from an area near a dam thought to be at risk of collapse.

Isolated villages in mountainous areas were completely cut off by landslides and damage to roads. At least 500 people were believed trapped in one settlement, accessible only by helicopter.

Aerial footage showed a bridge on a main trunk road had crashed onto the carriageway below, its pillars felled by the huge seismic jolt.

The government had said Saturday that there were "multiple locations where people have been buried alive", and reports suggested scores were missing, but the number was sharply down by Sunday morning.

Around 25,000 troops, firefighters, medics and other rescue personnel were to be joined by members of the United States military, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said.

"Our defense minister informed me that the US military said aerial transportation is available. We are grateful for the offer," he said.

The US has almost 50,000 servicemen and women stationed in Japan.

- Aftershocks -

Around 400 aftershocks have rocked Kumamoto and other parts of central Kyushu, an area unaccustomed to the powerful quakes that regularly rattle other parts of Japan.

Thursday's initial quake affected older buildings and killed nine people, but Saturday's brought newer structures crashing down, including a municipal office in the city of Uto.

The combined death toll remained at 41 and six people are unaccounted for, local officials said Sunday.

Media reports said eight people were missing.

Nearly 1,000 people have been hurt, 184 of them seriously.

Around 80,000 households were still without electricity, Kyushu Electric Power said, while about 320,000 homes were reportedly without water.

Japan, one of the world's most seismically active countries, was hit by a massive undersea quake in March 2011, which sent a tsunami barrelling into its northeast coast.

Some 18,500 people were left dead or missing, and several nuclear reactors went into meltdown at the Fukushima plant in the worst atomic accident in a generation.

Japan's only working nuclear plant, southwest of Saturday's epicentre, was unaffected by the quakes, the government has said.


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