by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) Feb 8, 2017
A massive underwater landslide that could have triggered a towering tsunami some 300,000 years ago has been discovered in the depths of Australia's Great Barrier Reef, scientists said Wednesday.
The ancient landslide, likely caused by a strong earthquake that could have generated a tsunami wave 27 metres (90 feet) high, was discovered unexpectedly by researchers conducting three-dimensional mapping of the seafloor around the world's biggest reef.
Scientists had already located eight undersea hills "in the middle of nowhere" and found the crater while piecing together the contours of the nearby territory, said Robin Beaman of James Cook University, one of the co-authors of a study published in the Marine Geology journal.
"There's this huge chunk taken out of the continental slope... about 20 kilometres long has collapsed and about eight kilometres deep, so an indent on that sort of scale," he told AFP.
The landslide, which was discovered some 75 kilometres (45 miles) off the Queensland state coast, was 32 cubic kilometres or "about 30 times the size of Uluru".
Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a giant red monolith that rises 348 metres above the Australian desert.
Scientists estimated the age of the landslide by sampling cold-water corals on one of the hills, also called knolls, at a depth of 1.17 kilometres. The oldest fossil corals were about 302,000 years.
While such a large undersea landslide could have triggered a major tsunami, Beaman said the reef would have acted as a breakwater to reduce its impact.
Tsunamis generated by such landslides also caused "very localised" impact, with waves dropping off quickly, he added.
"The Barrier Reef itself acts like a porous breakwater. It's very effective in dampening ocean swells," Beaman said.
The Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia's best known natural wonders and stretches more than 2,300 kilometres along the northeastern coast.
But while much of the seafloor has been mapped in 3D, the reef's vast size means that its deeper parts have barely been explored.
Scientists next hope to get a better understanding of the biology of the reef in these deep locations.
The coral community that was sampled included living and fossil cold-water coral species, gorgonian sea whips, bamboo corals, molluscs and stalked barnacles.
They were thriving in pitch-black conditions in water temperatures of about four degrees Celsius (39.2 Fahrenheit).
"The biology we still know very little about... we have some understanding of what's living on these knolls, but what about the other parts of the deep Great Barrier Reef?" Beaman said.
"What's living in submarine canyons and the like? For me, that's the next exciting chapter."
Water News - Science, Technology and Politics
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement|