by Brooks Hays
Washington (UPI) Mar 28, 2017
DNA can predict a person's reading ability. Scientists at King's College London found DNA variants account for 5 percent of reading ability disparities among children.
Researchers identified gene variations associated with academic achievement. Next, scientists tallied a genetic score for each of the 5,825 individuals who participated in the Twins Early Development Study.
After comparing the scores to the reading abilities of the study participants, kids ages seven to 14, researchers determined genetic traits account for 5 percent of reading ability disparities. Scientists accounted for mitigating factors like socioeconomic status and differences in general cognitive abilities.
Five percent seems like a small number, but previous studies have shown gender differences explain only 1 percent of the differences in reading abilities among children.
"The value of polygenic scores is that they make it possible to predict genetic risk and resilience at the level of the individual," Saskia Selzam, a psychologist at KCL, said in a news release. "This is different to twin studies, which tell us about the overall genetic influence within a large population of people."
Researchers hope their findings -- detailed in the journal Scientific Studies of Reading -- will ultimately help educators and parents develop individualized reading assistance for at-risk children.
"We think this study provides an important starting point for exploring genetic differences in reading ability, using polygenic scoring," Selzam said. "For instance, these scores could enable research on resilience to developing reading difficulties and how children respond individually to different interventions."
Washington (UPI) Mar 27, 2017
New research suggests bigger brains help primates in larger social groups manage their aggression and cope with conflict. Scientists have previously pointed to increasing competition for resource and life among growing social groups as reasons for differing brain sizes among different primates. New research suggests conflict resolution plays a role, too. Researchers at the Univer ... read more
All About Human Beings and How We Got To Be Here
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement|