Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. Earth Science News .

Scientists tag Indonesian volcano as source of 13th century eruption
by Staff Writers
Cambridge, England (UPI) Oct 1, 2013

disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Scientists say they've identified an Indonesian volcano responsible for a huge 13th century eruption that may have caused climate cooling and failed harvests.

The 1257 eruption was so large it left its chemical signature in the ice of both the arctic and the antarctic, they said.

Writing in the PNAS journal, an international team has named the Samalas Volcano on Lombok Island, Indonesia, as the culprit.

"The evidence is very strong and compelling," Clive Oppenheimer of Britain's Cambridge University told the BBC.

A huge crater lake now occupies what it left of the original mountainous structure of the volcano, researchers said.

Franck Lavigne of the Pantheon-Sorbonne University in France said the research was conducted similar to a criminal investigation.

"We didn't know the culprit at first, but we had the time of the murder and the fingerprints in the form of the geochemistry in the ice cores, and that allowed us to track down the volcano responsible," he said.

Volcanoes in Mexico, Ecuador and New Zealand had been suggested as sources of the eruption but all fail on their dating or geochemistry, the researchers said.

Only Samalas matches all the evidence, they said.

The researchers estimate the eruption hurled 10 cubic miles of rock and ash into the atmosphere to a height of 25 miles or more, with a significant impact on global climate.


Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

Big blast, then quiet, from Nicaraguan volcano
Managua (AFP) Sept 25, 2013
A volcano in Nicaragua erupted Wednesday with a mighty blast and a column of ash, then quieted down again, the government said. No one was hurt but villagers near the Telica volcano in the northwest of the Central American nation were told to remain on alert. The mountain is about 1,000 meters (3,300 feet) tall. The morning blast spewed ash 50 meters (165 feet) into the air, said Gui ... read more

Satellite flood maps reach crisis teams via Internet

US banks $584 mln in Egypt aid for safe-keeping

China launches satellite to monitor natural disaster

Australia and Indonesia hold conciliatory discussions

Lockheed Martin and Concord Blue to Deploy Advanced Gasification Technology Globally

Lockheed Martin Powers on First GOES-R Weather Satellite

How to make ceramics that bend without breaking

AREVA awarded funding for innovative manufacturing technology

Scientists warn of 'deadly trio' risk to ailing oceans

Dams provide resilience to Columbia from climate change impacts

South Atlantic fish resources at risk from warmer climate

Pacific's Palau mulls drone patrols to monitor waters

Russia to charge Greenpeace activists with piracy: report

Largest ice mass in California's Yosemite park melting, disappearing

Europe's top court rejects Inuit appeal against seal fur ban

Traces of immense prehistoric ice sheets: the climate history of the Arctic Ocean needs to be rewritten

Understanding soil nitrogen management using synchrotron technology

Protecting the weedy and wild kin of globally important crops

Hotpots and snake blood: Asia's libido-boosting foods

Farmers need help to plow through new food safety regulations

Scientists tag Indonesian volcano as source of 13th century eruption

Pakistan quake death toll rises to 376

Disaster officials warn New Orleans, Gulf coast over storm Karen

Five dead as Typhoon Wutip batters Vietnam

Nigeria bombs Boko Haram 'camp' near site of massacre

Canada reinforces African Union forces in Somalia

Disgruntled Malian troops fire weapons, kidnap officer

Ugandan officers court-martialed over alleged coup plot

Ancient sagas show Vikings more social, less warlike

Einstein's genius put down to 'well-connected' brain halves

Roma families face wholesale expulsion from France

Genetic study pushes back timeline for first significant human population expansion

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement