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Six Baghdad schools closed in swine flu precaution

Egypt to vaccinate hajj pilgrims against swine flu
Egypt will give swine flu vaccinations to citizens making the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, Health Minister Hatem al-Gabali said in a report on Wednesday. The A(H1N1) vaccinations would be available from Friday, and pilgrims "must be vaccinated according to instructions and conditions of the Saudi health ministry," the daily Al-Masri Al-Yom quoted Gabali as saying. Saudi Arabia says it is prepared to welcome some three million people during the annual hajj to Mecca in late November, and has asked pilgrims to be vaccinated against ordinary flu and H1N1 beforehand. Egypt, which sends tens of thousands of pilgrims to Mecca, announced in August it would buy five million doses of vaccine, a figure likely to double or even triple in the winter. The country of 80 million people has reported three deaths related to the virus which it says has infected more than 1,000 people. Authorities have taken strict measures to contain the spread of swine flu including slaughtering 250,000 pigs in a step that drew heavy criticism and delaying school and university entrance dates by a few weeks.
by Staff Writers
Baghdad (AFP) Oct 21, 2009
Six schools in Baghdad were closed as a precaution against the spread of swine flu in Iraq, the health ministry said on Wednesday, a day after two provinces announced they would shut their schools.

"We decided to close the schools for one week as a precaution... after suspected cases were found," Iraqi health services director Isan Jaffar said, adding that four were primary schools and the other two secondary.

On Tuesday, the southern provinces of Dhi Qar and Wassit announced they would shut their nearly 2,500 schools in a bid to combat the A(H1N1) virus.

In total, 1,477 schools in Dhi Qar will be shut from Thursday for 10 days, affecting 393,000 pupils. Wassit's 980 schools were on Wednesday shut for five days.

Universities, however, will remain open in both provinces.

The A(H1N1) virus has killed at least 4,735 people since it was first reported in April in Mexico, according to a WHO tally. Most deaths have occurred in the Americas, where 3,406 have been reported.

In total, Iraq has seen 472 cases, the majority in US troops stationed in the country, health services director Isan Jaffar said on Monday.

earlier related report
Merkel in row over 'government-only' swine flu jabs
A row in Germany over a "two-tier" swine flu vaccination programme has prompted Chancellor Angela Merkel to say she'll get the jab meant for the public rather than one reserved for "essential workers".

Criticism over "government-only" flu jabs, reserved for soldiers, policemen, and essential workers, comes against the backdrop of a nationwide immunisation campaign due to start next week.

The H1N1 virus has so far affected just 23,000 people in Germany, but the government is keen on vaccinating as many people as possible to avoid a possible large-scale outbreak at the start of the winter season.

But revelations in the press that top officials and other essential workers will get the Celvapan vaccine, manufactured by Baxter, which has fewer side effects than the mass Pandemrix vaccine manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline has caused a public outcry.

Government spokesman Ulrich Wilhelm has rejected accusations of a "two-tier medical system", saying both vaccines have equal worth.

Three vaccines -- Pandemrix, Celvapan, and Focetria -- have been approved by the European Union to fight the swine flu epidemic and "there isn't a 'better' or a 'worse' one", Wilhelm told a news conference Monday.

Merkel "will be seeing her regular general practitioner, will get his advice, and then will be vaccinated" with Pandemrix, the jab meant for the general public, Wilhelm added.

A number of newspapers nevertheless worried that the government was giving the appearance of double standards.

"How can an ordinary citizen understand that a vaccine with fewer side effects has been ordered for ministers than the one intended for the masses," asked the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

Health ministry spokesman Klaus Vater explained that the government had ordered 200,000 vaccines from Baxter last year, in the wake of the bird flu scare, as a precautionary measure to protect essential workers from swine flu.

The government later ordered 50 million vaccines from GlaxoSmithKline to allow for the double dose vaccinations of some 25 million people in Germany, or about a third of the population.

The specialist for health matters at the social-democratic party, Karl Lauterbach, told the Stadt-Anzeiger newspaper that the Pandemrix jab was not recommended for young children and pregnant women because of possible side effects.

He also strongly criticized the government's information policy saying that the present row might lead people to forgo immunisation altogether.

Recent opinion polls here have suggested that Germans are not overly concerned about the flu which appears to have killed only two people to date in the country.

An Emnit poll said 59 percent of Germans had no fear of the flu.

The European Union recently warned against complacency over the spread of swine flu and urged people to get vaccinated even though the virus has not hit as hard as first feared.

"Even if the pandemic situation isn't so dramatic in Europe right now, we have to listen to the experts who say it's not time to lower our guard," said Swedish Public Health Minister Maria Larsson, whose country holds the EU presidency.

The swine flu has killed over 4,700 people in 191 countries and territories since it first appeared in the spring, according to the World Health Organisation.

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AIDS vaccine: Data confirms 'modest' breakthrough
Paris (AFP) Oct 20, 2009
Data from an AIDS vaccine trial in Thailand was presented to scientists on Tuesday for the first time, confirming the prototype as only a partial shield against HIV but still a pioneering achievement. Volunteers who received the vaccine had a 31.2-percent reduction in the risk of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Thai and US researchers told an international conference. ... read more

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