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FLORA AND FAUNA
Switzerland and Italy growl over 'problem bears'
by Staff Writers
Geneva, Switzerland (AFP) Aug 23, 2013


Taiwan seizes over 2,500 rare turtles bound for China
Taipei (AFP) Aug 25, 2013 - Taiwan coastguards seized more than 2,500 protected turtles bound for dinner plates in China, officials said Sunday, calling it the biggest smuggling case of its kind they had ever seen.

Coastguards discovered the 2,626 rare turtles -- 1,180 Asian yellow pond turtles and 1,446 yellow-lined box turtles -- in a container on board a vessel in Kaohsiung, a port in the south of Taiwan, on Saturday.

They arrested a man surnamed Cheng but declined to provide more details because they are chasing the masterminds of the smuggling ring.

The animals were to be eaten by rich Chinese or used as an ingredient there in traditional medicine, officials said, adding it was the biggest seizure in Taiwan of protected turtles.

"After consuming up their own turtles, now they are turning their eyes to Southeast Asia and Taiwan," Lin Kuo-chang, an official in charge of conservation affairs at Taiwan's Council of Agriculture, told AFP.

Because the number of wild turtles is on a sharp decline in China, market prices have surged to about five times those of Taiwan, which is separated by a 200-kilometre (124-mile) strait from the Chinese mainland.

"Since the turtles are not seen often in the wild, many people must have been involved in the illegal catching," said Wu Sheng-hai, a life science professor at National Chung Hsing University in Taipei.

The two types of turtles are on Taiwan's second of the three-category wildlife protection list, meaning they are deemed rare and valuable. The first category is for endangered species.

Swiss and Italian officials are butting heads over how to tackle bears roaming between the two countries, in a dispute centred on balancing human and animal welfare.

"Bears don't look at borders. They don't need passports," Caterina Rosa Marino, an official with the Italian League for the Abolition of Hunting, told AFP.

The northern Italian region of Trentino, which has reintroduced bears into the wild since 1999, today counts around 40 of the animals and aims to bring the number up to 60 after the population was for years wiped out by hunters.

But in the Swiss canton of Graubuenden, officials have voiced concern about "problem bears" wandering across the Alpine border and posing a danger to locals, and issued a statement earlier this month proposing a cull.

"The culling of problem bears should happen at an early stage in their own territory," the canton said. "These bears are obstructing the local population's acceptance of this large predator."

Georg Brosi of the cantonal Office for Hunting and Fishing told AFP it would be "a shame to wait for a bear to become a danger before acting."

No wild bears are currently known to be in Graubuenden, or anywhere else in Switzerland, and only eight are known to have ventured into the country since 2005. Graubuenden ordered the last of them shot last February.

The slain bear, a two-year-old known as M13, had wandered across from Trentino and had repeatedly ventured into inhabited areas in search of food, first landing it on a problematic behaviour watch-list and then with a cull order, according to local authorities and media reports.

"M13 was executed in Switzerland for stealing potatoes," Marino said.

"What a dangerous criminal! I think the Swiss are pretty sensitive about potato theft," she added. "Some people want to pick up a gun as soon as they see a bear."

Trentino, which locks up dangerous bears but does not shoot them, said this week it was seeking "constructive dialogue" with its Swiss neighbours, but questioned whether M13 was risky or even problematic.

"During the several months the animal spent in Trentino after being separated from its mother it did not cause any problems," the regional authorities said in a statement.

Joanna Schoenenberger, who heads WWF Switzerland's bear division, agreed, said the animal had been on a natural search for food after waking early out of hibernation in February, but had not made it a habit to wander around inhabited areas.

"We all agree that if a bear is dangerous towards humans, it should be shot," she told AFP, but maintained that M13 posed an "absolutely minimal risk," and would certainly have withdrawn into the mountains as soon as more food became available there.

She accused Graubuenden authorities of "creating more fear" by scapegoating all bears as dangerous to humans, speculating that the different attitudes towards the animals might be linked to cultural differences.

"In Italy, there seems to be a higher tolerance for things that are not completely controllable," she said.

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