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FLORA AND FAUNA
Thai village under siege from marauding monkeys
by Staff Writers
Khlong Charoen Wai, Thailand (AFP) Aug 29, 2013


Russian region to shoot hungry bears after attacks
Moscow (AFP) Aug 29, 2013 - Russia's Far Eastern region of Yakutia is to resort to shooting dead hungry and aggressive wild bears who have become a major danger for humans after floods destroyed their favourite food of berries, an official said Thursday.

"There have been six cases of bear attacks on homes in the past month" in one particularly affected town of Srednekolymsk, on the Kolyma river, said head of the region's hunting department Nikolai Smetanin.

"They break in, empty the refrigerators," he told AFP.

"One bear climbed into a boat of a family that was picking berries. Other bears scavenge at cemeteries."

The bears in the region usually spend the summer months gorging on blueberries, cranberries and lingoberries, but these supplies have shrunk this year because of river flooding in the region, he said.

"All the berries in the river valleys have been destroyed, bears have nothing to eat," he said.

"It's a dispiriting cataclysm."

Residents have pleaded with officials to do something, so authorities decided to allow shooting the aggressive bears, he said.

"People will have to call hunters" in case of a threatening situation, he said.

Bear attacks on humans are highly unusual, but residents in bear-populated regions of the Russian Far East keep a wary eye on the berry crop every year, knowing that a lack of the fruit makes the bears hungry and more likely to attack humans.

Yakutia, a vast sparsely populated northeastern region covered with forests and tundra, is a major source of pelts for the fur industry, but locals do not normally hunt bears, he said.

"We respect the bear, we treat it like it's another hunter. There won't be extermination of all bears."

Russia's Far East has been hit with major floods this month after record rains swelled local rivers, and have affected over 50,000 people with Yakutia one of the areas worst hit.

In one Thai village homes are raided, property is pinched and locals are attacked by dastardly gangs operating beyond the law -- but the perpetrators are monkeys, not men.

"They creep into my house when they see me sleeping, they go into the kitchen and take cooking oil, sugar and even the medicines that I hide in a cabinet," said Chaluay Khamkajit, after years battling with pesky primates who are thought to have been drawn into Khlong Charoen Wai village by habitat loss.

"They took my snacks, I can buy new ones, but the medicines are important to me," the 72-year-old said, as she and her husband demonstrated a variety of anti-monkey devices including a homemade lock for the fridge and the more direct deterrent of a sling-shot.

Around 150 households in the shrimp farming community in Chachoengsao province on the east coast, 80 kilometres (50 miles) from Bangkok, have suffered raids by so-called "sea monkeys" -- long-tailed macaques -- for about a decade.

An increasing number of shrimp farms, coupled with the associated deforestation, is thought to be behind a surge in monkeys venturing into built-up areas.

"They could find food easily in the past but when there is less forest, they have to find food in people's houses," said village headman Chatree Kaencharoen, expressing frustration at some villagers who give food to the incorrigible creatures.

"Sometimes, a few hundred monkeys come at once -- especially at dawn and dusk when it is cooler. They know it is time to be fed," he said.

Conservation group WWF said people have encroached on the monkeys' habitat -- not the other way around.

"People have moved closer to nature, that is why there is an increased chance of interaction between human and animals," WWF Thailand director Petch Manopawitr told AFP.

"Macaques can adjust their behaviour quite well -- they learn in similar ways as humans -- and when they know that they can find food in a village, they come."

-- 'We cannot stop them' --

The spread of villages into formerly dense jungle has caused other clashes between people and beasts in Thailand.

"Wild pigs eat farm plants. But the villagers can also shoot the pigs and eat them," said Petch, adding that elephants and tigers were a less edible source of village disruption.

And WWF say the problem is accelerating.

In a recent report, the conservation group said demand for farmland could strip the Greater Mekong region -- Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam -- of a third of its remaining forest cover over the next two decades without swift government action.

Between 1973 -- the first point of available data -- and 2009, Thailand lost some 43 percent of its natural woodland, the WWF said, although it praised the country for its network of national parks.

Khlong Charoen Wai's monkeys spend their days hanging out on the narrow bamboo bridges that meander across the coastal swampland at the edge of the village.

Mothers lounge with babies slung across their chests, while others leap between nearby mangrove trees.

They tend to flee when approached. But when nobody seems to be looking, they climb onto roofs, leaving trails of muddy footprints as they stalk into homes through any openings they can find.

Residents have been forced to seal their houses with nets, lock their windows despite the tropical heat, and secure their property the best they can.

"They pushed over a 21-inch television, which fell and smashed. They even stole a rice cooker, managed to open it and scooped out the rice to eat," said Chatree.

Local authorities tried to curb the monkey raids -- even attempting to sterilise the intruders. But that effort was on too small a scale according to deputy village head Tawin Songcharoen.

"We cannot stop them," he told AFP.

.


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