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Typhoon Chanthu lashes flood-hit China

Philippines to deploy soldiers over water crisis
Manila (AFP) July 22, 2010 - Soldiers will be deployed in the Philippine capital to maintain order amid rising tensions over a water shortage that is affecting millions of people, the government said on Thursday. Public Works Secretary Rogelio Singson said the troops would be required to protect trucks as they deliver water to areas of Manila where the taps have run dry following a months-long drought. "We have asked for warm bodies (from the armed forces) to put order to those water stations and water rationing areas," Singson told reporters. He stressed there had been no rioting yet, but people were starting to become agitated.

"We have received reports of people jumping queues, others throwing their weight around and so on, so we just need to make sure that there is order in those water rationing areas," Singson said. He said the soldiers would also have to guard city workers as they cut off water to people who had illegally tapped into pipes. Large areas of Manila were submerged just 10 months ago after tropical storm Ketsana brought the worst floods to the capital in a generation, killing 464 people. But drought in the first half of the year has left the main dam that supplies Manila at critically low levels, and weather forecasters predict normal rainfall will resume only in September. Singson said human error was also to blame for the shortage.

He said water from the dam had been misused for electricity generation this year even when supply shortages were becoming a concern, while years of neglect in not building more dams was a longer-term issue. Singson said at least three million people, or a quarter of Manila's population, have in recent weeks had their supplies cut off for varying times each day. Of these, 1.12 million have been severely affected -- defined by having water for less than 12 hours a day and requiring supplies to be trucked in. Singson did not say how many soldiers would be used or when the troops would be deployed. The last time soldiers deployed in force in Manila was during the global food crisis in 2008, when the military provided armed escorts to government workers as they gave rice to the slums.
by Staff Writers
Chongqing, China (AFP) July 22, 2010
Typhoon Chanthu lashed southern China with punishing winds and heavy rain on Thursday in the latest weather challenge for a country where flooding has killed 700 people this year.

Chanthu made landfall in Guangdong province with winds of up to 126 kilometres an hour (78 mph) as the nation grapples with its worst flooding in 10 years, expected to continue as the typhoon season gains pace.

Chanthu's winds and rain were likely to rake Guangdong, the island province of Hainan and the Guangxi region with "ferocious precipitation," the China Meteorological Administration warned.

Two people were killed by walls that were blown over by strong gales, the Xinhua state news agency reported.

The typhoon made landfall near the city of Wuchuan. State-run television broadcast images of large waves crashing on to the Guangdong shore, trees flattened by wind and electric poles collapsed on to streets under pouring rain.

It said electricity, telecommunications and water services were cut in some areas.

Guangdong and Guangxi are among the areas already hit by torrential rains and flooding that has killed hundreds over the past several weeks and caused scores of rivers and lakes across the region to reach danger levels.

At least 701 people have died from the beginning of the year to July 20, while 347 people remain missing, vice minister of water resources Liu Ning told reporters Wednesday.

The civil affairs ministry said three million people have been evacuated.

The flooding has intensified amid increasingly wet weather across several provinces since June. The ministry has said nearly 500 people have been killed or gone missing since July 1 alone.

Liu warned of more misery to come as the typhoon season gets into gear, saying six to eight major typhoons were expected in the coming months.

The weather administration warned people in Chanthu's westward-moving path to avoid unnecessary trips outdoors until the all-clear is given.

At least two dozen flights in and out of Hainan's Haikou city were cancelled Thursday, airport officials announced.

Elsewhere the weather administration forecast light to moderate rain for the next three days across parts of China most affected by the recent flooding, including the provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei, Anhui, and Yunnan.

Liu said Wednesday that more than 230 rivers in the country had seen water levels rise beyond warning points, with two dozen exceeding historic highs.

Tens of thousands of homes have been destroyed in floods and landslides, and economic losses have hit at least 142 billion yuan (21 billion dollars), he said. The deaths and damage are China's worst in a decade.

The floods have dominated the country's attention for weeks, with state television each day broadcasting dramatic images of flood victims being rescued from raging rivers or plucked from rooftops in inundated villages.

The situation has triggered fears China could see a repeat of disastrous 1998 floods, when heavy rain swelled the Yangtze, China's longest river, and many tributaries, leading to a series of devastating levee collapses.

At least 4,150 people were believed killed, 18 million were evacuated and millions of homes destroyed in the country's worst floods in recent memory.

Liu and other officials said the 2006 completion of the Three Gorges Dam -- which was built partly for flood control -- and other flood-control projects since then would prevent such a recurrence.

And in a sign of slightly improving conditions, the dam, which was closed for more than three days amid heavy water flow, reopened to vessels on Thursday, Xinhua news agency said.




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Supercomputer Reproduces A Cyclone's Birth
Washington DC (SPX) Jul 22, 2010
As a teen in his native Taiwan, Bo-wen Shen observed helplessly as typhoon after typhoon pummeled the small island country. Without advanced forecasting systems, the storms left a trail of human loss and property destruction in their wake. Determined to find ways to stem the devastation, Shen chose a career studying tropical weather and atmospheric science. Now a NASA-funded research scien ... read more

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