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CLIMATE SCIENCE
US climate scepticism clouds G20 meet
By Hui Min NEO
Baden-Baden, Germany (AFP) March 18, 2017


G20 ministers drop anti-protectionist, climate pledges
Baden-Baden, Germany (AFP) March 18, 2017 - Finance ministers from the world's biggest economies on Saturday dropped an anti-protectionist pledge and a vow on action against climate change, after Washington refused to sign up to the commitment.

After a two-day meeting, ministers from G20 developed and developing nations said they were "working to strengthen the contribution of trade to our economies" but failed to spell out a pledge to reject protectionism in a closing statement.

The conspicuous omission came amid a push by US President Donald Trump to pursue an "America First" policy that includes penalising companies that manufacture abroad by heavily taxing their products.

Since taking office, he has withdrawn the US from a trans-Pacific free trade pact and attacked export giants China and Germany over their massive trade surplus.

His stance has sparked alarm among Washington's trading partners, and led Beijing to issue a stern warning against sparking a trade war.

References to action against climate change under the Paris accord were also scrapped from the G20 statement unlike at a previous summit last year.

Sources said the US delegation could not commit as they had not been given instruction from Washington to do so at the meeting in the western German spa town of Baden-Baden.

The exclusion of climate marked a new setback for environmental action, activists say, after Trump proposed to take the axe to environmental financing.

Under his first national budget proposal, he suggested cutting financial resources for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by a third, as well as eliminate contributions linked to the UN climate change programmes.

The failure by ministers to agree on trade and climate action was met with dismay by France, whose Finance Minister Michel Sapin said: "I regret that our discussions today were unable to reach a satisfying conclusion."

Where the US has threatened foreign manufacturers with steep import taxes, France "rejects all unilateral protectionist measures", Sapin added.

After threatening environmental financing with the axe, US President Donald Trump's administration on Saturday defied the international community by refusing to renew a pledge on combating climate change.

Finance ministers from the G20 top economies meeting in the western spa town of Baden-Baden were forced to leave out an entire section related to the Paris accord on combating climate change, after Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said green issues were "not in my track".

Environmental activists condemned the decision, slamming the world's biggest economy for "keeping ambitions down".

Trump, who once claimed that climate change is a Chinese hoax, has said he will roll back American environmental regulations aimed at curbing the problem and has threatened to pull the US out of the Paris accord on combating climate change.

In his first national budget on Thursday he proposed a drastic cut in environmental financing, including slashing funds for the Environmental Protection Agency by a third, as well as eliminating contributions linked to UN climate change programmes.

In the southwestern spa town of Baden-Baden, negotiators drafting a final statement had sought to renew a pledge at last year's G20 summit in Hangzhou, China, to provide "strong and effective support and actions to climate change".

The 2016 meeting also saw finance ministers explicitly welcome efforts to bring the Paris agreement into force.

Further, developed nations had pledged to provide "financial resources to assist developing countries with respect to both mitigation and adaptation actions in line with Paris outcomes."

But in Baden-Baden, that entire section was ditched.

"President Trump is looking at the Paris treaty and other treaties and the administration will have views on that as they consider their policies," said Mnuchin, adding that was "more of an issue for G20 leaders and less of an issue for finance ministers."

- 'Very discouraging' -

John Kirton at the G20 Research Group said it was not surprising that the Trump administration would resist signing up to such pledges as it would give the Paris agreement legitimacy -- something that goes against Trump's campaign vow to pull the US out of the deal.

Action Aid's policy manager on climate change, Harjeet Singh, said that such action was "very discouraging for the climate movement."

"Poor people in developing countries are struggling already with the impact of climate change," he said, pointing to the serious drought plaguing the Horn of Africa.

"A country like the United States has a historical responsibility, and should be a champion in leading efforts towards combating climate change.

"But instead of doing that, they are keeping ambitions down and leading others to regress," he told AFP.

Climate Action Network International's Europe director Wendel Trio said Washington's reticence over the Paris agreement would not actually destroy the accord, given that the deal has already been done.

But it would have a "symbolic impact," he told AFP.

"The fact that the US is signalling less ambitions allows other laggards like Saudi Arabia or Iran to hide behind it," he warned.

Li Shuo, senior climate policy advisor at Greenpeace East Asia, said: "The lack of attention to climate in the G20 finance statement is no doubt due to the Trump administration's irresponsible and isolated approach to climate change."

"Other countries should not allow this to happen again," added Li.

CLIMATE SCIENCE
Pentagon chief says climate change threatens security
Washington (AFP) March 15, 2017
Unlike some in the Trump administration, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis believes climate change is real and that it poses a threat to international security, according to a US media report. The nonprofit investigative news website ProPublica ran a story Tuesday that included excerpts of written testimony Mattis gave senators after a January confirmation hearing. "Climate change is impactin ... read more

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