Earth Science News  





.
AFRICA NEWS
War clouds gather over Sudan again

by Staff Writers
Juba, Sudan (UPI) Mar 21, 2011
Six years after the end of a ruinous civil war in Sudan, war clouds are gathering over the ravaged East African region again amid a string of deadly clashes that threaten the emergence of an independent state in the south scheduled for July.

In recent weeks, hundreds of people have been reported killed in clashes, largely between the southern government led by former rebel general Salva Kiir and renegade militias allegedly bankrolled by the Khartoum government of President Omar al-Bashir in the north.

Southerners voted overwhelmingly in favor of secession in a Jan. 9-15 referendum. That was a cornerstone of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement between Khartoum and the Sudan People's Liberation Army, the main rebel force, that ended decades of the civil war.

Leaders of the Christian and animist south accuse Bashir's Arab Muslim regime, and the ruling National Congress Party, of arming renegade southern militias and directing them to destabilize the south.

"The NCP is not interested in peace, it's not interested in cooperation. It's only interested in destabilizing South Sudan," declared Pagan Amum, secretary-general of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.

That's the political arm of the rebel forces that fought Khartoum for all but 11 years since Sudan gained independence from Britain in 1956.

On March 12, Kiir suspended negotiations with the north over how to divide the oil industry and the national debt and demarcate the north-south border, a strategic issue since most of the oil reserves straddle the current unofficial boundary.

With a plethora of vital issues far from resolved between the two sides, the breakdown in talks could greatly inflame the spiraling crisis as partition looms closer.

Khartoum denied allegations it is plotting to overthrow Kiir's struggling administration and install a "puppet government" in Juba, the south's flyblown capital.

Amum produced Arabic-language documents he said proved Juba's accusations. Although the authenticity of the documents couldn't be independently verified, they purport to show how the northern regime supplied weapons to southern renegades.

They supposedly show that Bashir started arming a militia commanded by George Athor, a former chief of staff of the southern rebel forces, in May 2010.

That was a month after he lost a state gubernatorial election in the south and took up arms against his former comrades, claiming Kiir had rigged the polling to keep him from winning office.

Athor has been blamed for massacres in which some 300 southern civilians were killed in February and March.

One document dated May 18, 2010, and signed by a military commander in the northern city of Kosti, purports that arms and ammunition were handed over to one of Athor's agents.

Another document dated Sept. 22, 2010, was purportedly written by a senior intelligence official seeking permission to arm Lam Akol, another southern renegade, and other "friendly forces." This was apparently granted.

Claire McEvoy of Geneva's Small Arms Survey, which has monitored the Sudan bloodletting in which some 2 million people died, mainly from famine and disease, said that over the years the north has consistently sought to subvert the southern rebels by backing breakaway factions.

"There's a long history of dissenters in the south being backed by military intelligence in the north as a means of destabilizing it, and the potential for this remains," she cautioned.

The region is already one of the most impoverished and underdeveloped places on the planet. Wracked by disease, famine, drought and illiteracy, it has less than 50 miles of paved road. It's riddled with corruption and tribal rivalries that the feeble SPLM government is unable to control.

This makes the region fertile ground for a sustained destabilization campaign by the north, which is reluctant to relinquish the bulk of Sudan's oil reserves in the south.

Southern Sudan is to formally gain independence July 9 and take control of about three-quarters of Sudan's current oil production of around 500,000 barrels a day.

This is pumped primarily by the China National Petroleum Corp., Petroliam Nasional of Malaysia and India's Oil and Natural Gas Corp. Sudan has proven reserves estimated at 5 billion barrels.

Most of the oil-producing fields are in the border states of Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei and these have become flash points between rival forces.




Share This Article With Planet Earth
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook



Related Links
Africa News - Resources, Health, Food



Tempur-Pedic Mattress Comparison

Newsletters :: SpaceDaily Express :: SpaceWar Express :: TerraDaily Express :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News
AFRICA NEWS
Unloved in the West, Kadhafi still has fans in Africa
Dakar (AFP) March 19, 2011
Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi may be facing one of his most dangerous hours, threatened with Western air strikes, but south of the Sahara his quest for continental unity and his country's vast investments have won him many friends. "Kadhafi has the magical gift of making himself loved and making himself hated," said Nigerian sociologist Gagara Nassamou, summarising Libyan government policy: r ... read more

.
Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email
  


AFRICA NEWS
Battle to cool Japan plant as food jitters grow

Fukushima: Japan faces a lasting nuclear headache

Fukushima seawater may affect reactor cooling: France

Smoke, steam rise from Japan nuclear plant: Kyodo

AFRICA NEWS
New Imaging Technique Provides Rapid, High-Definition Chemistry

Radiation in Tokyo tap water 'unsafe for infants'

Some readers will get around paywall: NY Times

Tokyo water unsafe for babies, food bans imposed

AFRICA NEWS
Fish Know To Avoid The Spear

Ancient Trash Heaps Gave Rise To Everglades Tree Islands

Food Agency calls for increased, safe urban water supplies

Iraq wastes 50% of water: UNICEF

AFRICA NEWS
Wheels Up for Extensive Survey of Arctic Ice

Arctic-Wide Measurements Verify Rapid Ozone Depletion In Recent Days

Pace of polar ice melt 'accelerating rapidly': study

Soot Packs A Punch On Tibetan Plateau's Climate

AFRICA NEWS
Carbon Tax Must Not Comprise Food And Fibre Production

Major legal blow to European anti-GM crops lobby

Two Rivers Water Company Signs Agreement On 1000 Acres Of Farmland

France urges European controls on all Japanese produce

AFRICA NEWS
Caribbean to test tsunami preparedness

Fault-Finding Coral Reefs Can Predict the Site of Coming Earthquakes

S. Korea and North agree volcano research talks

Japan nuke plant 'was crippled by 14-metre tsunami'

AFRICA NEWS
War clouds gather over Sudan again

Passions stirred, Gbagbo backers "ready to die" for I.Coast

African Union demands 'immediate' halt to Libya attacks

Gbagbo camp recruits youth, thousands flee Abidjan violence

AFRICA NEWS
A New Evolutionary History Of Primates

Rare gene defect affects both pain, smell

Study: More immigrant families are intact

Study: Neanderthals had control of fire


The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement