Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
. Earth Science News .




Subscribe to our free daily newsletters



DISASTER MANAGEMENT
When Brazil ran 'concentration camps' during droughts
By Carola SOLÉ
Senador Pompeu, Brasil (AFP) Feb 21, 2017


Even as northeastern Brazil suffers a devastating drought, few remember a grim chapter of a past drought when the government forced mass internment of peasants trying to flee dying farms.

The first was in 1915 and the last time was between 1932 and 1933 when the authorities set up what they called concentration camps -- a fairly common term in several countries at the time and yet to be associated with the horrors of Nazi Germany.

The people they forced in were not an enemy, or prisoners of war, or even a targeted ethnic group but rather rural inhabitants desperate for help.

Fearing the peasants would descend in huge numbers from their parched lands into the city of Fortaleza, the government ordered thousands of families incarcerated in camps with little food, unhealthy living conditions and under guard.

Seven such "concentration camps" were established along the rail line that the farming population was trying to use to reach Fortaleza, capital of the state of Ceara, which today is again suffering severe lack of rain.

The authorities promised food and medical help but the unwilling population of the camps dubbed these centers "government corrals," because they felt they were being treated just like the animals they'd left behind.

The government's worry was that there'd be a repeat of a flood of 100,000 peasants in 1877 into Fortaleza, which by the 1930s was enjoying an era of modernization and wealth.

"The concentration camps functioned as a prison," wrote historian Kenia Sousa Rios in the book "Isolation and power: Fortaleza and the concentration camps in the drought of 1932."

"Those who were put in could not get out. They were only given permission to leave in order to work on construction of streets or reservoirs or urban projects for Fortaleza, or to be transferred to another camp," he wrote.

- Invisible history -

Only a few clues remain to testify to the episode. In Senador Pompeu, a small town about 186 miles (300 km) from the state capital, there are still the abandoned buildings where guards worked and where food was kept.

The last known survivor of the camps is Carmela Gomez Pinheiro. Although she is 96, the painful memories remain fresh for her.

"Every day four or five people died, including children. They all died of ill treatment or hunger," she told AFP.

"The hunger was unbearable," she said. "The food was disgusting and people started getting bloated."

The tragedy isn't entirely forgotten. Every year a march is staged in honor of the victims of the drought, a living memorial created in 1982 by an activist Italian priest Father Albino.

The walk ends in what they call "the cemetery of the dam," where locals say more than 1,000 people from the camps were buried in mass graves. Marking the place today is a cross -- and dozens of bottles of water.


Comment on this article using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.


Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

.


Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes






Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Previous Report
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
British Museum training Iraqi experts to save Mosul heritage
London (AFP) Feb 20, 2017
As Iraqi forces fight to take back Mosul from the Islamic State group, archaeologists trained by the British Museum are preparing for another battle - trying to save what they can of the city's heritage. One of the world's leading institutions for the study of ancient Iraq, the London museum has been training Iraqi experts for the past year in high-tech methods to preserve and document thei ... read more


DISASTER MANAGEMENT
DR Congo snubs calls for inquiry of massacre video

British Museum training Iraqi experts to save Mosul heritage

Drug shortages and malnutrition in Mosul

When Brazil ran 'concentration camps' during droughts

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Penn engineers overcome a hurdle in growing a revolutionary optical metamaterial

Scientists look to tick 'cement' as potential medical adhesive

Researchers engineer thubber a stretchable rubber that packs a thermal conductive punch

Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Small ponds have outsized impact on global warming: study

Cash-strapped Rio de Janeiro to privatize water utility

Basking sharks seek out winter sun

Oceans have lost 2 percent of oxygen, says study

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Descent into a Frozen Underworld

How an Ice Age paradox could inform sea level rise predictions

Sentinels warn of dangerous ice crack

Arctic cultures take climate fight to Berlin film fest

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Maize study finds genes that help crops adapt to change

Snap beans hard to grow in cover crop residue

Bee decline threatens US crop production

New idea to fight billion-dollar threat to soybean production

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Flooding hits Indonesian capital, one dead

Over time, nuisance flooding can cost more than extreme, infrequent events

Volcano Samalas mystery revealed

Researchers catch extreme waves with higher-resolution modeling

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
A tonne of ivory, hacked into pieces, seized in Uganda

Civilians in the crossfire of Boko Haram and the military

Fresh delay for Mali interim authorities amid protests

DR Congo dubs video massacre fake, but admits "excesses"

DISASTER MANAGEMENT
New evidence highlights maternal hierarchy of Pueblo Bonito

Flat-footed fighters

Advances in imaging could deepen knowledge of brain

Study: The human brain always has a backup plan




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News






The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement