Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. Earth Science News .

Unrest growing over Brazil's native lands: report
by Staff Writers
Sao Paulo (AFP) July 29, 2012

Violent disputes over indigenous land are on the uptick in Brazil, sparking heightened militancy by natives angered by broken promises of compensation and slower government registrations.

A report by the Indigenous Missionary Council (CIMI), cited by the Folha de Sao Paulo newspaper on Sunday, said the number of territorial conflicts jumped from 82 in 2006 to 99 last year.

Indigenous peoples are fighting to protect their resource-rich lands from invasions or encroachment by huge cattle ranchers, industrial-scale farmers, illegal gold miners and loggers.

In this huge country, just one percent of the 191-million-strong population controls almost half the cultivated land.

Problems facing the indigenous population include murders, death threats, lack of health care and education, and delays in registering land ownership, according to the CIMI report.

CIMI, created in 1972 by Brazil's National Confederation of Roman Catholic Bishops, reported an average of 55 murders of native people per year across the country between 2003 and 2011.

Tension is particularly high in the country's northern Amazon region, where the federal government is building the huge Belo Monte hydro-electrical dam across the Xingu River.

Angry indigenous activists frequently occupy the construction sites and occasionally take employees hostage to protest what they view as broken promises of compensation.

CIMI also highlighted a drop in indigenous land registrations by the government, from 145 under president Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002), down to 79 under president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (2003-2010), and only three last year under President Dilma Rousseff.

In remarks to Folha de Sao Paulo, Rinaldo Arruda, an anthropology professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo (PUC-SP), noted a "conservative shift" by the Rousseff government as it dealt with the powerful pro-agribusiness bloc in Congress.

Activists, including members of the Xicrin, Juruna, Arara, Aweti, Assurini and Parakanawa tribes, are threatening fresh occupations of sites of the public consortium Norte Energia, which is in charge of the Belo Monte project.

Norte Energia insists it will honor signed compensation accords but indigenous chief Giliard Juruna told Folha de Sao Paulo: "We don't believe what they are saying."

The third largest dam in the world, the 11,200-megawatt Belo Monte is one of several hydro projects meant to provide Brazil with clean energy for its fast-growing economy.

Indigenous groups fear the dam will harm their way of life, while environmentalists have warned of deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions and irreparable damage to the ecosystem.

The federal government plans to invest a total of $1.2 billion to assist the displaced by the time the dam is completed in 2019.

In western Matto Grosso do Sul state, ethnic Kadiweus have been occupying 23 farms since May on land they claim. To the north, in Matto Grosso state, the Maraiwatsede are still waiting for ranchers to comply with a court ruling to evacuate their ancestral lands.

In both cases, ranchers alleged errors in demarcation.

On July 19, the rights group Survival International pressed Brazilian authorities to end impunity for those behind the murders of indigenous people as it hailed the arrest of 18 suspects in the high-profile killing of a Guarani Indian chief in Mato Grosso do Sul last November.

According to CIMI, 51 indigenous people were killed across Brazil last year.

Indigenous peoples represent less than one percent of the Brazilian population and occupy 12 percent of the national territory, mainly in the Amazon region.


Related Links
Forestry News - Global and Local News, Science and Application

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

Active forest management to reduce fire could aid northern spotted owl
Corvallis OR (SPX) Jul 26, 2012
The northern spotted owl, a threatened species in the Pacific Northwest, would actually benefit in the long run from active management of the forest lands that form its primary habitat and are increasingly vulnerable to stand-replacing fire, researchers conclude in a recent study. Whatever short-term drawbacks there may be from logging, thinning, or other fuel reduction activities in areas ... read more

EU discusses new NGO law with Russia

Disaster-hit Japan could use microfinance: Yunus

In Haiti, anger over slum eviction plans

Japan probes claim workers' radiation levels faked

Apple pitches gadget security to hacker crowd

Bolivian satellite operators to be trained in China

Scientists create artificial mother of pearl

Google seeks to close book in author copyright case

Ancient reservoir could bring water to dry Namibia

'Red tide' species is deadlier than first thought

Scientists confirm existence of vitamin 'deserts' in the ocean

Egyptian navy seizes five Italian trawlers: reports

Scientists find Grand Canyon-sized rift under Antarctic ice

Tropical plankton invade Arctic waters

Satellites see Unprecedented Greenland Ice Sheet Melt

Polar bear evolution tracked climate change

Japanese Kobe beef debuts in Hong Kong

Isolated Paraguay pledged farmers' support

Mexico to vaccinate 10 million birds in flu outbreak

Super Bags to thwart rice wastage now available to Filipino farmers

N. Korea forecasts new storm damage after deadly floods

Geothermal activity seen in New Zealand

Death toll from Beijing floods rises to 77: Xinhua

Croscat Volcano may have been the last volcanic eruption in Spain 13,000 years ago

Panetta to visit North Africa, Middle East

Brother of exiled Rwandan ex-army chief gets 9 years' jail

Mozambique told to tackle crime

New sapphire find sends panners into Madagascar lemur park

Japan women lose longest-lived title: government

Kissenger: virtual lips for long-distance lovers

Oregon's Paisley Caves as old as Clovis sites - but not Clovis

Unique Neandertal arm morphology due to scraping, not spearing

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement