Islamabad (AFP) Sept 22, 2010
Pakistan's flood crisis has damaged more than 10,000 schools, affecting several million pupils and requiring massive investment in a nation struggling with literacy, the UN warned Wednesday.
Torrential rain began falling in northern Pakistan in July and the floods have since moved slowly south, wiping out villages and farmland, and affecting an area roughly the size of England.
"Five to six percent of all schools have been damaged by the floods. This means that between 1.5 to 2.5 million students have been affected," Umar Amal, an official with UNESCO, told a news conference.
"That number can rise and it will rise," he said, unable to estimate how much it would cost to repair the damaged infrastructure.
The United Nations has issued a record two-billion-dollar appeal to cope the disaster, which UN agencies say affected 21 million people and and left 12 million in need of emergency food aid.
Amal said more than 9,780 government schools were damaged -- 2,700 fully and 7,000 partially.
The number of private schools affected -- a statistic he said was not yet available -- would push the figure beyond 10,000, he said.
The UN Children's Fund has said over 10 million children have been affected by the flooding, including 2.8 million under five-year-olds.
Education standards are poor in much of Pakistan, particularly in the most impoverished, rural areas worst hit by the floods.
Primary school enrollment is around 57 percent and government expenditure on education accounts for just 2.1 percent of Gross Domestic Product.
The overall adult literacy rate is 57 percent and Pakistan has three years to meet a Millennium Development Goal target of 88 percent.
But many of the flood-affected areas have far worse rates -- for example in rural parts of southwestern province Baluchistan female literacy can be as low as seven percent, Amal said.
"Already before the floods, they were lagging behind... If 9,000 schools are partially damaged and 2,000 schools fully damaged you need a huge investment in education to re-activate it," he warned.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said a further 5,563 schools are still being used to shelter about 567,000 people displaced in the crisis.
earlier related report
Wen said wealthy nations should give aid "no strings attached" as he outlined China's plans to cancel more debt and increase assistance to African nations.
"To offer a loaf of bread is more useful than making an empty promise," Wen said in his attack on nations who have not kept past promises to provide money for the world's poorest countries.
"Developed countries should fulfill in good faith their commitments, assume the main responsibility in assisting developing countries."
He said rich nations must carry out a pledge to increase their aid to 0.7 percent of gross national income "and provide long-term, stable and predictable financial assistance to developing countries.
"The assistance should be selfless and have no strings attached."
Wen said that by the end of 2009, China had canceled debt worth about four billion dollars owed by some 50 countries. He said China would also cancel debt associated with loans that mature in 2010.
The premier also announced that China is to give an extra 200 million dollars in emergency flood assistance to Pakistan.
"I wish to take this opportunity to announce that China will, on top of the pledged assistance, provide another 200 million dollars of assistance to Pakistan," he said.
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Food threat looms for Pakistan child flood victims: UN
Geneva (AFP) Sept 21, 2010
UN aid agencies warned on Tuesday that flood stricken areas of Pakistan faced a looming threat of child malnutrition although the overall health situation was broadly under control for now. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) said over 10 million children had been affected by the flooding, including 2.8 million under five-year-olds. "The emergency is far from over: large numbers of women and ... read more
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